BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

BazEkon home page

Meny główne

Autor
Rudnicki Zbigniew B. (Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Krakowie), Kabat-Rudnicka Danuta (Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Krakowie / Wydział Ekonomii i Stosunków Międzynarodowych)
Tytuł
Postępowanie badawcze w pokojowym rozstrzyganiu sporów międzynarodowych w ramach Ligi Narodów i Narodów Zjednoczonych
Research Proceeding in the Peaceful Resolution of International Disputes within the Framework of the League of Nations and the United Nations
Źródło
Zeszyty Naukowe / Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Krakowie, 2010, nr 843, s. 23-55, bibliogr. 70 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Prawo zwyczajowe, Spory międzynarodowe, Rozwiązywanie konfliktów, Organizacje międzynarodowe
Common law, International disputes, Solving conflicts, International organisations
Uwagi
summ.
Firma/Organizacja
Liga Narodów, Organizacja Narodów Zjednoczonych (ONZ)
League of Nations, United Nations (UN)
Abstrakt
Stałym problemem występującym w przypadku działalności koncyliacyjnej było to, jak zastąpić środki siłowe pokojowym rozwiązaniem sporów międzynarodowych. Obserwując rozwój prawa zwyczajowego – a w istocie ewolucję każdego z głównych systemów prawa, zarówno świeckiego, jak i religijnego – dochodzimy do wniosku, że były one w większym lub mniejszym stopniu historią wysiłków idących w tym właśnie kierunku. (…) W niniejszym artykule przez analizę doświadczeń wynikających z posługiwania się procedurą wyjaśniania faktów w pokojowym rozwiązaniu sporów międzynarodowych podjęto próbę lepszego zrozumienia ich możliwości i ograniczeń. (fragment tekstu)

The research proceeding is an institution created by the 1899 Hague Convention on the peaceful resolution of international disputes. It consists in the activity of a commission, essentially a joint organ available to both sides and appointed by either conflicting parties or governments appointed by them. The extent of its plenipotentiary power is determined in advance by the parties, and the commission’s ruling is established on either a particular case or for a certain period of time. The commissions’ procedures can be established by the conflicting parties, and be either permanently binding or specific to an individual case. They serve a subsidiary function to complement direct negotiations, their role being to facilitate conflict resolution through fact-finding on the strength of impartial and conscientious research. The commission issues a report on its decisions, but does not possess the ruling power of an arbitration court. The conflicting parties reserve the right to use these reports. The Hague Convention of 1907 contained additional rulings on the commissions’ procedures, and two parties may adopt them, in full or in part, for their particular case. Through analysis of experiences resulting, from the use of the fact-finding procedure in the peaceful resolution of international disputes in the light of the activity of the first commissions’ research and the more limited experiences of the League of Nations and the United Nations, the article attempts to better understand their limitations and potential capabilities. Research on the particular procedure described herein should be distinguished from the general process of establishing facts. (original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
Pełny tekst
dostęp tylko z terenu Kampusu UEK - 0, 215
Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. Action of the League in the Greco-Bulgarian Affair, „Contemporary Review” 1925, vol. 129.
  2. Barnet R. J., Intervention and Revolution: The United States in the Third World, World Pub., New York 1968.
  3. Barros J., The League of Nations and the Great Powers: The Greek-Bulgarian Incident, 1925, Claredon Press, Oxford 1970.
  4. Bar-Yaacov N., The Handling of International Disputes by Means of Inquiry, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1974.
  5. Batowski H., Między wojnami 1919-1939. Zarys historii dyplomatycznej, Wydawnictwo Literackie, Kraków 2001.
  6. Bourloyannis M.C., Fact-finding by the Secretary-General of the United Nations, „N.Y.U. Journal of International Law and Politics” 1989-1990, vol. 22.
  7. Bullard A., Memel: A European Aspect of the League, „American Academy of Political Science Annals” 1924, vol. 114.
  8. Carey J., Thomas A. J., Van Wynen Thomas A., The Dominican Republic Crisis 1965, Oceana Publ., Dobbs Ferry/New York 1967.
  9. Charter of the Organization of American States, Charter of the Organization of American States, as amended by the Protocol of Buenos Aires in 1967, Organization of American States, Pan American Union, Washington 1967.
  10. Clyde P.H., The Diplomacy of “Playing No Favorites”: Secretary Stimson and Manchuria, 1931, „Mississippi Valley Historical Review” 1948, vol. 35, nr 2, September.
  11. Convell-Evans T.P., The League Council in Action, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1929.
  12. Cox P., Wilson A., The Geography of the Mosul Boundary: Discussion, „The Geographical Journal” 1926, vol. 68, nr 2, August.
  13. „Current History”, New York Times, New York 1916-1940.
  14. Czapliński W., Wyrozumska M., Prawo międzynarodowe publiczne. Zagadnienia systemowe, C.H. Beck, Warszawa 1999.
  15. Fact-finding before International Tribunals, red. R.B. Lillich, Eleventh Sokol Colloquium, Transnational Publishers, Ardsley-on-Hudson, New York 1992.
  16. Falk R., Legal Order in a Violent World, Princeton University Press, Princeton, New York 1968.
  17. Firmage E.B., Summary and Interpretation [w:] International Law of Civil War, red. Q. Wright, R.A. Falk, Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore 1971.
  18. Goldman M.G., Comment: Action by the Organization of American States: When Is Security Council Authorization Required Under Article 53 of the United Nations Charter? „UCLA Law Review” 1962-1963, vol. 10.
  19. Goodrich L., Hambro E., Simons A., Charter of the United Nations, 3d ed., Columbia University Press, New York 1969.
  20. Goodrich L.M., Simons A.P., Charter of the United Nations: Commentary and Documents, 3d and rev. ed., Columbia University Press, New York 1969.
  21. Goodrich L., Simons A.P., The United Nations and the Maintenance of International Peace and Security, Brookings Institution, Washington 1955.
  22. Hackworth G.H., Digest of International Law, U.S. G.P.O., Washington, DC 1940-1944.
  23. Higgins R., The Development of International Law through Political Organs of the United Nations, Oxford University Press, London 1963.
  24. Hill N.L., International Commissions of Inquiry and Conciliation, „American Journal of International Law” 1932, vol. 278.
  25. International Law Reports, red. H. Lauterpacht, E. Lauterpacht, Butterworth, London 1950.
  26. Kelsen H., The Law of the United Nations: A Critical Analysis of Its Fundamental Problems; with Supplement, F.A. Praeger, New York 1951.
  27. Kerley E.L., The Powers of Investigation of the United Nations Security Council, “American Journal of International Law” 1961, vol. 55.
  28. Kitchen M., Historia Europy 1919-1939, Ossolineum, Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków 1992.
  29. Kitzman Jackson K., The Dogger Bank Incident and the Development of International Arbitration, Texas Tech University, 1974.
  30. Kuhn A.K., The Lytton Report on the Manchurian Crisis, „American Journal of International Law” 1933, vol. 27, nr 1, January.
  31. Latham A.A., UN Fact-finding in a Postmodern World: Potential for Arms Limitation and Confidence Building [w:] Adapting the United Nations to the Postmodern Era. Lessons Learned, red. W.A. Knight, Palgrave, New York 2000.
  32. Lausanne Treaty [w:] The Treaties of Peace 1919-1923, vol. II, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, New York 1924.
  33. League of Nations Assembly Report on the Sino-Japanese Dispute, „ American Journal of International Law” 1933, vol. 27, nr 3, Supplement: Official Documents, July.
  34. „League of Nations Official Journal” 1921, vol. 2.
  35. Lytton, Earl of, The Problem of Manchuria, international Affairs” (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1931-1939) 1932, vol. 11, nr 6, November.
  36. Merrils J.G., Disputes Settlement, 3rd ed., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1998.
  37. Mughal N., China and World Powers: A Case Study of Manchurian Crisis, 1931-1933, National Book Foundation, Karachi 1975.
  38. North Sea Incident, Dispatch from the British agent forwarding the report of the commissioners; presented to both Houses of parliament by command of His majesty; February 1905, „International Commission of Inquiry”, Russia, nr 3 (1905); Great Britain; Parliament. Command papers,; Cd. 2382; London 1905.
  39. Official Records, United Nations, Security Council, United Nations, New York 1946.
  40. Official Records, United Nations. General Assembly, United Nations, Geneva 1946.
  41. Oppenheim L., Lauterpacht H., Oppenheim’s International Law, vol. 2, Disputes, War and Neutrality, 6th ed., Longman, London 1940.
  42. Partsch K.J., Fact-finding and Inquiry [w:] Encyclopedia of Public International Law, vol. 2, red. R. Bernhardt, North-Holland Pub., Amsterdam 1995.
  43. Publications of the Permanent Court of International Justice, Series E, Annual Report of the Permanent Court of Justice, Permanent Court of International Justice, 1925-1945, A.W. Sijthoff’s Pub., Leyden [Netherlands] 1946.
  44. Red Crusaider Enquiry, „International Law Reports” 1962, vol. 35.
  45. Reid Martz M. J., OAS Reforms and the Future of Pacific Settlement, „Latin American Research Review” 1977, vol. 12, nr 2.
  46. Repertory of Practice of the United Nations Organs, United Nations, Secretary-General, United Nations, New York 1955.
  47. Repertory of Practice of United Nations organs, United Nations, Secretary-General, United Nations, New York 1955.
  48. Report of the International Court of Justice, International Court of Justice, United Nations, New York 1945.
  49. Report of the Secretary-General on Methods of Fact-finding, United Nations General Assembly, New York 1966.
  50. Resolutions and Statements of the Security Council, United Nations, Dept. of Public Information, News Coverage Service, New York 1946.
  51. Rudnicki Z., Systemowe i doktrynalne determinanty pokojowego załatwiania sporów międzynarodowych w praktyce Ligi Narodów, Wydawnictwo AE w Krakowie, Kraków 2005.
  52. Schneider P., Dogger Bank Incident [w:] Encyclopedia of Public International Law, red. R. Bernhardt, North-Holland Pub., Amsterdam 1992.
  53. Scott J.B., The Hague Court Reports (second series): Comprising the Awards, Accompanied by Syllabi, the Agreements for Arbitration, and other Documents in Each Case Submitted to the Permanent Court of Arbitration and to Commissions of Inquiry under the Provisions of the Conventions of 1899 and 1907for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes, Oxford University Press, New York 1932.
  54. Scott J.B., The Hague Court Reports (1st series): Comprising the Awards, Accompanied by Syllabi, the Agreements for Arbitration, and other Documents in Each Case Submitted to the Permanent Court of Arbitration and to Commissions of Inquiry under the Provisions of the Conventions of 1899 and 1907, for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes, Oxford University Press, New York 1916.
  55. Scott J.B., The Proceedings of the Hague Peace Conferences: The Conference of 1899, W.S. Hein, Bufallo 2000 (reprint wydania z 1920 r.).
  56. Shore W.I., Fact-finding in the Maintenance of International Peace, Oceana Publications, Dobbs Ferry, New York 1970.
  57. Skjelsbaek K., The UN Secretary-General and the Mediation of International Disputes, „Journal of Peace Research” 1991, vol. 28, nr 1, February.
  58. Spence M., Settlement of the Memel Controversy, „Current History” 1924, vol. 20.
  59. Thomas A.J., Van Wynen Thomas A., The Dominican Republic Crisis 1965, Association of the Bar of the City of New York, New York 1966.
  60. Thomas A. J., Van Wynen Thomas A., The Organization of American States, Southern Methodist University Press, Dallas 1963.
  61. Thomas A. J., Van Wynen A., The Organization of American States and Collective Security, „Southwestern Law Journal” 1959, vol. 13.
  62. Thorne C., The Limits of Foreign Policy: The West, the League and the Far Eastern Crisis of 1931-1933, Putnam’s Sons, New York 1972.
  63. Treaty of Peace (Turkey) Act, 1924: An Act to Carry into Effect a Treaty of Peace between His Majesty and Certain other Powers, and Certain Conventions, Protocols, and Declarations Connected therewith [15th April 1924], H.M.S.O., London 1924.
  64. Wainhouse D.W., International Peace Observation, Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore 1966.
  65. Walters P., History of the League of Nations, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1952.
  66. Willoughby W.W., The Sino-Japanese Controversy and the League of Nations, Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore 1935.
  67. Wright Q., The Manchurian Crisis, „American Political Science Review” 1932, vol. 26, nr 1, February.
  68. Wright Q., The Mosul Dispute, „American Journal of International Law” 1926, vol. 20, nr 3, July.
  69. Zacher M., The Secretary-General and the United Nations Function of Peaceful Settlement, „International Organization” 1966, vol. XIX, Autumn.
  70. 7 UN. Security Council Official Records (SCOR), 574th-576th meetings, 1952.
Cytowane przez
Pokaż
ISSN
1898-6447
Język
pol
Udostępnij na Facebooku Udostępnij na Twitterze Udostępnij na Google+ Udostępnij na Pinterest Udostępnij na LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu