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Autor
Przybyszewski Krzysztof (Kozminski University, Warsaw, Poland), Rzeska Monika (Warsaw School of Economics, Poland), Sosnowska Honorata (Warsaw School of Economics, Poland)
Tytuł
Cognitive Properties of Approval Voting : an Experimental Approach
Źródło
Operations Research and Decisions, 2011, vol. 21, no. 3-4, s. 21-34, rys., tab., bibliogr. 19 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Decyzje wyborcze, Podejmowanie decyzji, Eksperyment badawczy
Voting decisions, Decision making, Scientific experiment
Uwagi
summ.
Abstrakt
The paper summarizes two series of experiments demonstrating the cognitive properties of approval voting. The former series is devoted to mental processes induced in decision makers who use the method of approval voting. Based on cognitive effort, the use of choice strategies is presented in this paper. The observations of respondents show that most of them use relatively effortless strategy of eliminating alternatives and attributes. Few respondents use more sophisticated methods. The other series of experiments analyses the number of alternatives chosen in approval voting. It appears that the average number is not constant, even for similar votes but it depends on the subject of voting. The number of chosen alternatives and the subjective significance of the scope of voting are negatively or positively correlated in the case of special votes. The analyzed experiments show that the cognitive properties of approval voting have a diverse structure. (original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
Pełny tekst
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Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. AGRESTI A., An Introduction to Categorical Data Analysis, Wiley, 2007, 34-38.
  2. Approval Voting Home Page, http://ben.boulder.co.us/goverment/approvalvote/center.html
  3. BRAMS S.J., FISBURN P.C., Approval Voting, Birkhäuser, Boston, 1982.
  4. FELSENTHAL D.S., On combining approval voting with disapproval voting, Behavioral Sciences, 1989, 34, 53-60.
  5. KOZIŃSKA M., SOSNOWSKA H., Varialibility of the average number of chosen alternatives in approval voting, Studia i Materiały Polskiego Stowarzyszenia Zarządzania Wiedzą, 2010, 31, 120-127 (in Polish).
  6. KOZIŃSKA M., SOSNOWSKA H., The average number of chosen alternatives in approval voting. Analysis of chosen experiments, Roczniki Kolegium Analiz Ekonomicznych, 2010, 22, 117-134 (in Polish).
  7. LASLIER J.F., VAN DER STRAETEN K., Une expérience de vote par assentiment lors de l'élection présidentielle de 2002, Revue Française de Science Politique, 2004, 54, 99-130.
  8. LASLIER J.F., VAN DER STRAETEN K., Alive experiment on approval voting, Experimental Economics, 2008, 11, 97-105.
  9. MALAWSKI M., PRZYBYSZEWSKI K., SOSNOWSKA H., Cognitive effort of voters under three different voting methods - an experimental study, Operations Research and Decisions, 2010, 3-4, 1-11.
  10. MONTGOMERY H., Decision rules and the search for a dominance structure: towards a process model of decision making, [in:] Analysing and Aiding Decision Processes, P. Humphreys, O. Svenson, A. Valdi (Eds.), North Holland, Amsterdam, 1983.
  11. NURMI H., Comparing Voting Systems, Reidel. Publ. Co., Dordrecht, 1987.
  12. NURMI H., On the Properties of Voting Systems, Scandinavian Political Studies, 2007, 4, 19-32.
  13. PAYNE J.W., BETTMANN J.R., JOHNSON E.J., The Adaptive Decision Maker, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1993.
  14. PRZYBYSZEWSKI K., SOSNOWSKA H., Approval voting - turnout and election preferences, [in:] Badania operacyjne i systemowe 2006. Metody i Techniki, J. Kacprzyk, R. Budziński (Eds.), Akademicka Oficyna Wydawnicza EXIT, Warszawa, 2006, 153-162.
  15. REISEN N., HOFFRAGE U., MUST F.W., Identifying decision strategies in a consumer choice situation, Judgement and Decision Making, 2008, 3, 641-658.
  16. SOMEREN VAN M.W., BARNARD Y.F., SANDBERG J.A.C., The think aloud method. A practical guide to modeling cognitive processes, Academic Press, London, 1994.
  17. SVENSON O., Differentiation and consolidation theory of human decision making: A frame of reference for the study of pre and post decision processes, Acta Psychologica, 1992, 80, 143-168.
  18. TVERSKY A., Elimination by aspects, Psychological Review, 1972, 79, 281-299.
  19. WRIGHT P., Consumer choice strategies. Simplifying vs. optimizing, Journal of Marketing Research, 1975, 12, 60-67.
Cytowane przez
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ISSN
2081-8858
Język
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.5277/ord1203-0402
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