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Styrc Marta (Szkoła Główna Handlowa w Warszawie)
Czynniki wpływające na stabilność pierwszych małżeństw w Polsce
Determinants of the marital stability of first marriages in Poland
Studia Demograficzne, 2010, nr 1-2(157-158), s. 27-60, tab., wykr., bibliogr. 68 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Konkubinat, Małżeństwo, Rozwody, Dzieci, Przemiany demograficzne
Cohabitation, Marriage, Divorces, Children, Demographic transformation
Ważnym powodem zainteresowania demografów stabilnością związków, a w szczególności małżeństw, jest ich znaczenie dla płodności oraz dla dobrostanu dzieci pochodzących z takiego związku oraz dobrostanu partnerów tworzących związek. Ponadto ze względu na wzrost niestabilności małżeństw rozwód jest zdarzeniem stanowiącym doświadczenie rosnącej liczby osób. (...) Celem artykułu jest rozpoznanie, jakie grupy osób podlegają podwyższonemu ryzyku rozpadu małżeństwa w Polsce poprzez identyfikację czynników rozwodów. (fragment tekstu)

Marital stability is an important topic in studies on family because of its meaning for fertility and for the well-being of children and partners. The rise of the divorce rate observed in Poland since the second half of the 1990s poses a question about factors correlated with the risk of marital disruption. In the relevant body of research, one can distinguish between factors related to partners' characteristics, features of the relationship, and the context. The paper starts with theoretical considerations on the correlates of divorce, backed with empirical findings from studies for other countries. Next, the event history regression of first marriages disruption is estimated. The model is specified as a piecewise constant exponential model with proportional relative risks. The data used come from the Education, Family and Employment Survey from 2006. Most of the results of this study are consistent with findings for other countries: marriages with premarital children or entered into while expecting a child, as well as marriages of women brought up in bigger cities and those of employed women were less stable. The change of the educational gradient of divorce is an important finding - in the studies pertaining to the period before the 1990s the women with higher education showed a higher risk of divorce. In the current study, which refers to the period between the mid-1980s and 2006, marriages of women with highest education levels have the lowest risk of disruption. Surprisingly, marriages preceded by cohabitation do not have an elevated disruption risk compared to direct marriages. The impact of the presence of children on the disruption risk is lower than expected - only marriages with very small children (0-2 years old) are more stable, while parity and presence of older children do not make a difference, when compared with couples without children. In conclusion, some suggestions have been formulated regarding the data sources for the future research on the stability of unions. (original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej w Warszawie
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
Pełny tekst
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