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Autor
Ekanayake E.M. (Bethune-Cookman University), Kornecki Lucyna (Embry-Riddle Aeronautical Univeristy)
Tytuł
Factors Affecting Inward Foreign Direct Investment Flows into the United States : Evidence from State-Level Data
Źródło
Metody Ilościowe w Badaniach Ekonomicznych / Szkoła Główna Gospodarstwa Wiejskiego, 2011, vol. 12(XII), nr 1, s. 53-66, tab., bibliogr. 22 poz.
Quantitative Methods in Economics
Słowa kluczowe
Inwestycje bezpośrednie, Inwestycje zagraniczne, Struktura nakładów inwestycyjnych
Direct investments, Foreign investment, Structure of investment outlays
Uwagi
summ.
Abstrakt
This paper investigates factors affecting the inward foreign direct investment (FDI) flows among fifty states of the United States. The analysis uses annual data for the period 1997 until 2007. The study identifies several state-specific determinants of FDI and investigates the changes in their importance during the period. Our results show that among the major determinants; real per capita income, real per capita expenditure on education, FDI related employment, real research and development expenditure, and capital expenditure have a significant positive impact on FDI inflows. There is also evidence that the share of scientists and engineers in the workforce exerts a small positive impact on inward FDI flows. In addition, per capita state taxes, unit labor cost, manufacturing density, unionization, and unemployment rate exert a negative impact on FDI inflows. (original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Pełny tekst
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Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. Axarloglou K., Pournarakis M. (2007) Do all foreign direct investment inflows benefit the local economy? The World Economy 30(3), 424-432.
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  4. Bartik T.J. (1985) Business location decisions in the United States: Estimates of the effects of unionization, taxes, and other characteristics of States. Journal of Business and Economics Statistics 3:14-22.
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  6. Chung W., Alcácer J. (2002) Knowledge seeking and location choice of foreign direct investment in the United States. Management Science 48(12): 1534-1554.
  7. Coughlin C.C., Terza J.V., Arromdee V. (1990) State government effects on the location of foreign direct investment. Regional Science Perspectives 20:194-207.
  8. Coughlin C.C., Terza J.V., Arromdee V. (1991) States characteristics and the location of foreign direct investment within the United States. Review of Economics and Statistics 73:675-683.
  9. Friedman J., Fung H.G., Gerlowski D.A., Silberman J. (1996) A Note on state characteristics and the location of foreign direct investment within the United States. Review of Economics and Statistics 78(2):367-368.
  10. Head C.K., Ries J.C., Swenson D.L. (1995) Agglomeration benefits and location choice: Evidence from Japanese manufacturing Investments in the United States. Journal of International Economics 38:223-247.
  11. Head C.K, Ries J. C., Swenson D.L. (1999) Attracting foreign manufacturing: investment promotion and agglomeration. Regional Science and Urban Economics 29: 197-218.
  12. Hennart J-F., Park Y-R. (1994) location, governance, and strategic determinants of Japanese manufacturing investment in the United States. Strategic Management Journal. 15(6): 419-436.
  13. Hines Jr. J.R. (1996) Altered States: Taxes and the location of foreign direct investment in America. The American Economic Review. 86(5): 1076-1094.
  14. Hirsch B., Macpherson D. (2010). http://www.unionstats.com/
  15. Keller W., Levinson A. (2002). Pollution abatement costs and foreign direct investment inflows to U.S. States. The Review of Economics and Statistics. 84(4): 691-703.
  16. National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Science and Engineering Indicators (2010).
  17. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), World Investment Report 2010.
  18. U.S. Census Bureau, Annual Survey of Manufactures: Geographic Area Statistics (various issues).
  19. U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA).
  20. U.S. Department of Commerce, Annual Survey of State Government Finances (various issues).
  21. U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.
  22. Wijeweera A., Dollery B., Clark D. (2007) Corporate tax rates and foreign direct investment in the United States. Applied Economics 39(1): 109-117.
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ISSN
2082-792X
Język
eng
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