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Autor
Liuhto Kari
Tytuł
Russia Developing its Regions with Special Economic Zones
Źródło
Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego. Finanse, Rynki Finansowe, Ubezpieczenia, 2009, nr 16, s. 307-318, tab., bibliogr. 16 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Specjalne strefy ekonomiczne, Rozwój, Region
Special economic zones, Development, Region
Uwagi
summ.
Kraj/Region
Rosja
Russia
Abstrakt
Approximately 20 special economic zones (SEZs) have been founded in Russia. Four of them are innovation zones, two manufacturing zones, seven tourism zones, three port zones and two old zones of the 1990»s, namely the Kaliningrad SEZ and the Magadan SEZ. Additionally, four gambling zones are to be opened by July 2009. The Russian SEZs currently produce more plans than results i.e. unrealistic plans characterised by the contemporary Russian SEZs. Only the Kaliningrad SEZ and the Magadan SEZ can be classi- fied as fully operational, and therefore, it is far too early to make any firm conclusion about the eco- nomic impact of these zones on the Russian economy. On the other hand, it is highly desirable that a follow-up of the Russian SEZs will be carried out in 3-5 years from now, since the results of today do not necessarily describe the potential of tomorrow. Despite the slow progress of the Russian SEZs, some indicative findings can be presented. First, the tax privileges offered by the Russian SEZs lower the investment barrier for foreigners, but the benefits alone are not sufficient to attract foreign firms to invest in Russia. Furthermore, Russia's poor reputation for immaterial rights, its stagnant innovation system, the low-tech image of the country, a lack of R&D-related finance, and administrative inertia downplay the advantages provided by the zones. The growing role of the military-industrial complex in innovation building distracts both Rus- sian private companies and foreign firms from their innovation activities. I strongly believe that the adaptation of the military-led innovation system will not jump start the diversification of the Russian economy, since the military-led innovation systems are by nature expensive, inefficient, and corrupt due to their secrecy, bureaucracy and non-competition. An ICT collaboration between the Saint Petersburg innovation SEZ and the Nordic companies would be natural, and the close distance could create an additional competitive advantage, if Nordic companies are not afraid of taking risks involved in Russia's poor respect of immaterial rights.Although the Kaliningrad region is unfamiliar to most foreign investors, I would advise that foreign companies considering an investment exceeding EUR 4 million in Russia make a feasibility study of the investment opportunities in Kaliningrad. Besides considerable tax benefits, the adminis­tration of the Kaliningrad SEZ has a good reputation for being investor-friendly, and furthermore, Kaliningrad is close to other Central European markets. Should Kaliningrad truly manage to become Russia's leisure centre on the Baltic Sea, it is self-evident that high-quality construction companies from the West may find additional demand there. (original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej w Warszawie
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego
Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. Accenture (2008) Travel & Tourism - The Winds of Change, Accenture, London.
  2. BOFIT (2009) Government approves 2020 development plan, BOFIT Weekly, January 23, 2009.
  3. BRE (2009) Baltic Rim Economies, 1/2009, www.tse.fi/pei.
  4. Dezhina Irina & Zashev Peter (2007) Linkages in innovation system in Russia - Current status and opportunities for Russian-Finnish collaboration, Electronic Publications of Pan-European In- stitute 14/2007, Turku School of Economics, Turku, Finland.
  5. European Commission (2007) INNO-Policy TrendChart - Policy Trends and Appraisal Report Rus- sia, Brussels.
  6. Giannella Christian & Tompson William (2007) Stimulating Innovation in Russia: The Role of Insti­tutions and Policies, Economics Department Working Papers No. 539, OECD, Paris.
  7. Kommersant (2008) Russia a Top-10 Tourist Destination, Kommersant, September 29, 2008.
  8. Liuhto Kari (2007) Kaliningrad, an attractive location for EU investors, Electronic Publications of Pan-European Institute 1/2007, Turku School of Economics, Turku, Finland.
  9. Liuhto Kari (2008) Genesis of Economic Analysis in Russia, Electronic Publications of Pan-European Institute 3/2008, Turku School of Economics, Turku, Finland.
  10. Liuhto Kari, Usanov Artur & Peltonen Senja (2007) Kaliningrad slide package for a foreign investor, www.tse.fi/pei.
  11. MT (2008) Casinos Say Moving a Gamble, The Moscow Times, November 27, 2008.
  12. MT (2009) Foreign Investors Flock to an Inviting Kaluga, The Moscow Times, January 14, 2009.
  13. Peltola Kaisa-Kerttu (2008) Russian innovation system in international comparison - Opportunities and challenges for the future of innovation development in Russia, Electronic Publications of Pan-European Institute 11/2008, Turku School of Economics, Turku, Finland.
  14. RIA (2008) Russia to set up three special economic zones at transport hubs, RIA Novosti, Russian News & Information Agency, June 3, 2008.
  15. Usanov Artur (2008) Special Economic Zone in Kaliningrad as a Tool of Industrial Development: The Case of The Consumer Electronic Manufacturing, Electronic Publications of Pan-European Institute 9/2008, Turku School of Economics, Turku, Finland.
  16. Ust-Luga Company (2008) OJSC Ust-Luga Company Decided Against its Joining SEZP (Special Eco­nomic Zone of the Port), www.ust-luga.ru, May 6, 2008.
Cytowane przez
Pokaż
ISSN
1640-6818
1733-2842
Język
eng
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