BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

BazEkon home page

Meny główne

Autor
Ferri Giovani (University of Bari Aldo Moro, Italy), Patruno Giuseppe (University of Bari Aldo Moro, Italy)
Tytuł
The Credit System as an Instrument for the Deyelopment of Agriculture: the Case of the Apulia Region
Źródło
Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego. Finanse, Rynki Finansowe, Ubezpieczenia, 2008, nr 13, s. 69-90, bibliogr. 23 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Kredyt, Rozwój rolnictwa
Credit, Rural development
Uwagi
, summ.
Abstrakt
This paper explores the possible links between the set up of agricultural credit and the progress of agriculture by investigating the experience of Apulia in two selected periods. Specifically, the first one is the period including the last decades of the 19th century (after Italy was unified in 1861), while the second one refers to the Second Postwar period (up to the early 1960s, before the European Com-mon Agricultural Policy was phased in). The first period brought about widespread change for Apulia's agriculture with attempts to im-prove land tenure - where the investment was entrusted onto peasants by the large land-owners through "land improvement contracts" - together with increasing exports. Regarding the credit sys¬tem, at the same time, Apulia witnessed the birth of a surprisingly large number of private banks -some as joint stock companies, others as cooperative banks (banche popolari). These banks were launched by the very same large land-owners promoting the improvement in land tenure and by and large focused on lending to those peasants. Such a mechanism, which initially seemed to give good results, eventually delivered only ephemeral effects. The possible progress of agriculture tumed soon into an impoverishment. During the second period, instead, as the rest of Southern Itały, ApuHa benefited from the Land Reform providing an extensive redistribution of land ownership - implying a reduced role for the large land-owners - by widespread innovation in agricultural techniques and by visible change in the agri¬cultural product mix. Through this, Apulia's agriculture achieved increased returns. Regarding the credit system, the change of the agricultural sector was accompanied by the evolution of new agricul¬tural credit schemes which, sińce the 1930s, were entrusted onto newly founded public sector lending intermediaries: the agriculture special credit institutions. These institutions - through the backing of public guarantees and subsidies plus their different modus operandi - took a longer-term approach, thus promoting the long term progress of Apulia's agriculture. In this case, the evolution was not short lived but was there to stay.(original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej w Warszawie
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego
Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. Bandini M. (1959), Economia agraria, Turin: UTET.
  2. Bandini M. (1971), Lezioni di politica agraria, Bologna: Ed. Agricole.
  3. De Rosa L. (1963), 11 Banco di Napoli e la crisi economica del 1888-1894, Rassegna Economica n. 2.
  4. De Rosa L. (1988), La formazione del sistema bancario italiano, in G. Zalin (ed.), Credito e sviluppo economica in Italia dal Medioevo all'eta contemporanea, Proceedings of the National Meeting of the Economic Historians (Yerona, 4-6 June 1987), Yenice: Grafiche Fiorini.
  5. De Viti De Marco A. (1891), La crisi agricola e la politica doganale, Giornale degli economisti, vol. III.
  6. Faini R., Yenturini A. (1994), Italian emigration in the pre-war period, in T.J. Hatton, J.G. Williamson (eds.), Migration and International Labor Markets, London, Routledge.
  7. FAINA, E. (1911), Inchiesta parlamentare sulle condizioni dei contadini nelle province meridionali e nella Sicilia, Rome: Tipografia nazionale di Giovanni Bertero e C.
  8. Ferri G., Ritrovato E. (2007), Dai banchieri salentini delFSOO ad oggi. Storia delie Banche Private in Puglia, paper presented at the seminar hosted by the Regional Administrative Court of Lecce, 26 January.
  9. Fiorese S. (1900), Storia delia crisi economica in Puglia dal 1887 al 1897, in AA.W, La Terra di Bari sotto Faspetto storico, economico e naturale, Trani: Yecchi, Vol. II.
  10. Gangemi M., Ottolino M., Rienzo M.G., Ritrovato E. (2000), La cooperazione nel credito in Puglia. Dalie origini alla vigilia delia seconda guerra mondiale, Bari: Cacucci.
  11. Istat (various years), Catasto agrario 1929, parts No. 71 (Bari), 72 (Brindisi), 73 (Foggia), 74 (Lecce) and 75 (Taranto), Rome: Istituto Poligrafico delio Stato.
  12. Istat (1962), 1° Censimento generale deWagricoltura 15 aprile 1961, parts No. 71 (Foggia), 72 (Bari), 73 (Taranto), 74 (Brindisi) and 75 (Lecce), Rome.
  13. Istat (1963), Annuario di Statistica agraria, Rome.
  14. Istat (2003), 5° Censimento generale deWagricoltura 22 ottobre 2000, parts No. 71 (Foggia), 72(Bari), 73 (Taranto), 74 (Brindisi) and 75 (Lecce), Rome.
  15. Jacini S. (1885), Atti per la GiunXa. per l' inchiesta agraria e sulle condizioni delia classeagricola, Rome; A. Sommaruga.
  16. King B., Okey T. (1902), Ultalia d'oggi, Bari: G. Laterza & figli.
  17. Muzzioli G. (1983), Banche e agricoltura. U credito aWagricoltura italiana dal 1861 al 1940, Bologna: il Mulino.
  18. Ottolino M. (1988), Sviluppo economico e societd anonime in Terra di Bari (1876-1914), Napoli: Giannini.
  19. Ottolino M. (2000), Dalie origini alla crisi dei primi anni Novanta delfOttocento, in Gangemi et al.
  20. Prinzi D. (1956), La riforma agraria in Puglia Lucania e Molise nei primi cinąue anni, Bari: Arti Grafiche Laterza.
  21. Ritrovato E. (2004), // commercio estero in terra di Bari. DaWunita alla Grandę Guerra, Bari: Cacucci.
  22. Salvemini B. (1989), Prima delia Puglia. Terra di bari e il sistema regionale in eta moderna, in L. Masella and B. SaWemini (eds.), Storia dltalia. Le regioni daWUnita a oggi. La Puglia, Turin: Einaudi.
  23. Stefanelli L. (1974), Arretratezza e patti agrari nel Mezzogiorno (La colonia migliorataria), Bari: De Donato.
Cytowane przez
Pokaż
ISSN
1640-6818
1733-2842
Język
eng
Udostępnij na Facebooku Udostępnij na Twitterze Udostępnij na Google+ Udostępnij na Pinterest Udostępnij na LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu