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Autor
Tkachenko Oleksandr (University of Minnesota, USA), Ardichvili Alexandre (University of Minnesota, USA)
Tytuł
Human Capital Development in Central and Eastern Europe : an Analysis of Trends and Challenges Facing Estonia, Hungary, the Czech Republic, and Slovenia
Rozwój kapitału ludzkiego w Europie Centralnej i Wschodniej : analiza trendów i wyzwań dla Estonii, Węgier, Czech i Słowenii
Źródło
Zarządzanie Zasobami Ludzkimi, 2013, nr 6, s. 67-88, rys., aneks, bibliogr. 41 poz.
Human Resource Management
Słowa kluczowe
Kapitał ludzki, Rozwój kapitału ludzkiego, Edukacja, Szkolenia, Zasoby ludzkie, Analiza porównawcza
Human capital, Development of human capital, Education, Training, Human resources, Comparative analysis
Uwagi
summ., streszcz.
Kraj/Region
Estonia, Węgry, Czechy, Słowenia
Estonia, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovenia
Abstrakt
Niniejszy dokument przedstawia wyniki analizy porównawczej trendów i wyzwań z zakresu rozwoju kapitału ludzkiego (Human Capital Development, HCD) w czterech państwach Europy Środkowej i Wschodniej - w Estonii, na Węgrzech, w Czechach i Słowenii - przez pryzmat edukacji i szkoleń jako ważnych wyznaczników HCD. Analizując dynamikę kluczowych zmiennych używanych w ocenie kapitału ludzkiego, studium pokazuje wzrost inwestycji w edukację i szkolenia jako pozytywny trend. Równocześnie pogorszenie wyników studentów w naukach ścisłych, mocne niedopasowanie w sferze umiejętności w analizowanym okresie, jak również zmiany demograficzne przejawiające się w starzeniu i niedoborze pracowników ukazane są jako bariery dla HCD w czterech wymienionych państwach. Kładąc nacisk na współgranie trzech systemów, tzn. edukacji, szkoleń i rynków pracy, studium podkreśla wagę podejścia systemowego do rozwoju i wdrażania strategii HCD. Podkreślono również rosnącą rolę HRD (Human Resource Development), tu szczególnie krajowego, o ile takie podejście zostanie zastosowane. (abstrakt oryginalny)

This paper presents the findings of a comparative study of trends and challenges of human capital development (HCD) in four Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs)-Estonia, Hungary, the Czech Republic, and Slovenia - through the lens of education and training as important predictors of HCD. Analyzing the dynamics of key variables utilized for assessment of human capital, the study reveals the increase of investment in education and in training as a positive trend. At the same time, the decline in students' performance in math and science, high levels of skill mismatch over the analyzed time period, as well as demographic changes that are characterized by aging and shrinking of the workforce, are found to be barriers to HCD in the four CEECs. Emphasizing the interplay of three systems-education, training, and the labor markets-the study highlights the importance of the systemic approach in the development and implementation of HCD policies. The paper also advocates for the increasing role of HRD (and National HRD, in particular), if such an approach is undertaken. (original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej w Warszawie
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
Bibliografia
Pokaż
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Cytowane przez
Pokaż
ISSN
1641-0874
Język
eng
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