BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

BazEkon home page

Meny główne

Autor
Reel Jordan (Loyola University, United States), Block Walter E. (Loyola University, United States)
Tytuł
Educational Vouchers : Freedom to Choose?
Źródło
Contemporary Economics, 2013, vol. 7, nr 4, s. 111-121, bibliogr. 87 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Wolność gospodarcza, Edukacja, Finansowanie szkolnictwa, Modele wyboru
Economic freedom, Education, Financing of education, Models of choice
Uwagi
summ.
Abstrakt
Milton Friedman is famous for his book title: "Free to Choose." He also favors educational vouchers, which denies the freedom to choose to people who do not wish to subsidize the education of other people's children. Thus, he is guilty of a logical contradiction. Why is it important to assess whether Friedman's views on educational vouchers are logically consistent with his widespread reputation as an advocate of free enterprise, and, thus, freedom to chose? It is important to assess all figures in political economy, and indeed all of scholarship, for logical consistency. It is particularly important to do so in the present case, given the prestige in certain quarters accorded to this Nobel prize-winning economist. We argue in this paper that Friedman's reputation for logical consistency, and adherence to the philosophy of laissez faire capitalism, are both overblown. Our solution to this challenge is to completely privatize education. Friedman does not advocate that vouchers be utilized for food, clothing or shelter; we see no relevant difference in the case of education. What is the justification of the undertaken topic? This topic is important because education of the next generation is crucial for the upkeep and improvement of society. What is the aim of the present study? It is to demonstrate that the solution offered by M. Friedman and R. Friedman (1990) is highly problematic. What is the methodology used in the study? We quote from this author, and criticize his analysis. What are our main results and conclusions/recommendations? We conclude that the last best hope for the educational industry is laissez faire capitalism, not the mixed economy recommended by Friedman. (original abstract)
Pełny tekst
Pokaż
Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. Anderson, W. L., Block, W. E., DiLorenzo, T. J., Mercer, I., Snyman, L., & Westley. C. (2001). The Microsoft Corporation in Collision with Antitrust Law. The Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies, 26 (1), 287-302.
  2. Armentano, D. T. (1999). Antitrust: The Case for Repeal (Revised 2nd ed.). Auburn AL: Ludwig von Mises Institute.
  3. Barnett, W. II, Block, W. E. (2007). Coase and Van Zandt on Lighthouses. Public Finance Review, 35 (6), 710-733.
  4. Barnett, W. II, Block, W.E. (2009). Coase and Bertrand on Lighthouses. Public Choice, 140 (1-2), 1-13.
  5. Barnett, W. II, Block, W. E. & Saliba, M. (2005). Perfect Competition: A Case of 'Market-Failure', Corporate Ownership & Control, 2 (4), 70-75.
  6. Barnett, W. II, Block, W. E. & Saliba, M. (2007). Predatory pricing. Corporate Ownership & Control, 4 (3), 401-406.
  7. Block, W. E. (1977). Austrian Monopoly Theory - a Critique. The Journal of Libertarian Studies, 1 (4), 271-279.
  8. Block, W. E. (1982). Amending the Combines Investigation Act, Vancouver, BC: The Fraser Institute.
  9. Block, W. E. (1983). Public Goods and Externalities: The Case of Roads. The Journal of Libertarian Studies: An Interdisciplinary Review, 7 (1), 1-34.
  10. Block, W. E. (1994). Total Repeal of Anti-trust Legislation: A Critique of Bork, Brozen and Posner. Review of Austrian Economics, 8 (1), 35-70.
  11. Block, W. E. (1999). The gold standard: a critique of Friedman, Mundell, Hayek and Greenspan from the free enterprise perspective. Managerial Finance, 25 (5), 15-33.
  12. Block, W. E. (2003A). Private property rights, economic freedom, and Professor Coase: A Critique of Friedman, McCloskey, Medema and Zorn. Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, 26 (3), 923-951.
  13. Block, W. E. (2003B). National Defense and the Theory of Externalities, Public Goods and Clubs. In H. H. Hoppe (Ed.), The Myth of National Defense: Essays on the Theory and History of Security Production (pp. 301-334). Auburn, AL: Ludwig von Mises Institute.
  14. Block, W. E. (2010A). Milton Friedman on Intolerance: A Critique. Libertarian Papers, 2 (41), 1-18. Retrieved from http://libertarianpapers.org/articles/2010/lp-2-41.pdf
  15. Block, W. E. (2010B). Is Milton Friedman a libertarian? Laissez-Faire, 32, 9-22.
  16. Block, W. E. (2011). How Not To Defend the Market: A critique of Easton, Miron, Bovard, Friedman and Boudreaux . Journal of Libertarian Studies, 22, 581-592.
  17. Block, W. E., Barnett, W. II. (2009). Monopsony Theory. American Review of Political Economy, 7(1-2), 67-109.
  18. Block, W. E., Barnett, W. II. (2012-2013). Milton Friedman and the financial crisis. American Review of Political Economy, 10 (1-2), 2-17.
  19. Boudreaux, D. J., & DiLorenzo, T. J. (1992). The Protectionist Roots of Antitrust. Review of Austrian Economics, 6 (2), 81-96.
  20. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2012). College Enrollment and Work Activity of 2011 High School Graduates.
  21. Butts, R. F. (1973). The Public Schools: An Assault on a Great Idea. The Nation, 216 (18), 553-560.
  22. Chappell, R. H. (1978). Anarchy Revisited: an inquiry into the public education dilemma. The Journal of Libertarian Studies, 2 (4), 357-372.
  23. Cloud, J. (2007, October 10). Are Private Schools Really Better? Time. Retrieved from http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1670063,00.html
  24. Cordato, R. E. (1992). Welfare Economics and Externalities in an Open-Ended Universe: A Modern Austrian Perspective. Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  25. Costea, D. (2003). A Critique of Mises's Theory of Monopoly Prices. The Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics. 6 (3), 47-62.
  26. Davis, W. L., Figgins, B., Hedengren, D., & Klein, D. B. (2011). Economics Professors' Favorite Economic Thinkers, Journals, and Blogs (along with Party and Policy Views). Econ Journal Watch 8 (2), 126-146.
  27. DiLorenzo, T. J. (1996). The Myth of Natural Monopoly. Review of Austrian Economics, 9 (2), 43-58.
  28. DiLorenzo, T. J., High, J. C. (1988). Antitrust and Competition, Historically Considered. Economic Inquiry, 26 (1), 423-435.
  29. Feller, B. (2012, April 24). Obama pushes low-rate student loans, wooing young. Retrieved from http://news.yahoo.com/obama-pushes-low-rate-student-loans-wooing-young-202321208-finance.html
  30. Flew, A. (1976). Sociology, Equality and Education, London, UK: Macmillan.
  31. Forster, G. (2013). A Win-Win Solution: The Empirical Evidence on School Choice (3rd ed.). Indianapolis, IN: The Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice.
  32. Frey C. M., Detterman, D. K. (2004). The Relationship Between the Scholastic Assessment Test and General Cognitive Ability. Psychological Science 15 (6), 373-378.
  33. Friedman, M., Block, W. E. (2006). Fanatical, Not Reasonable: A Short Correspondence Between Walter E. Block and Milton Friedman (on Friedrich Hayek's Road to Serfdom). Journal of Libertarian Studies, 20 (3), 61-80.
  34. Friedman, M. (1972). Capitalism and Freedom (12th ed.). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
  35. Friedman, M. (1983, December 5). Milton Friedman on Busting the School Monopoly. Newsweek. Retrieved from http://www.edchoice.org/The-Friedmans/The-Friedmans-on-School-Choice/Milton-Friedman-on-Busting-the-School-Monopoly.aspx
  36. Friedman, M., Friedman, R. (1990). Free to Choose: A Personal Statement. Orlando, FL: Harcourt Inc.
  37. Garrison, R. W. (2001). Time and Money: The Macroeconomics of Capital Structure. London, UK: Routledge.
  38. Gwartney, J., Lawson, R., & Block, W. E. (1996). Economic Freedom of the World, 1975-1995. Vancouver, BC: The Fraser Institute.
  39. Hammons, C. (2008). Fifty Educational Markets: A Playbook of State Laws and Regulations Governing Private Schools. School Choice Issues in Depth. Indianapolis, IN: Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice.
  40. Hayek, F. A. (1931). Prices and Production, London, UK: Routledge.
  41. Hayek, F. A. (1948). The Use of Knowledge in Society. Individualism and Economic Order, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
  42. High, J. (1984-1985). Bork's Paradox: Static vs Dynamic Efficiency in Antitrust Analysis. Contemporary Policy Issues, 3, 21-34.
  43. Hoppe, H. H., (Ed.). (2003). National Defense and the Theory of Externalities, Public Goods and Clubs." The Myth of National Defense: Essays on the Theory and History of Security Production. Auburn, AL: Mises Institute.
  44. Hume, D. (1739). A Treatise of Human Nature: Being an Attempt to Introduce the Experimental Method of Reasoning into Moral Subjects.
  45. Illich, I. (1971). Deschooling Society. London, UK: Marion Boyars Publishers Ltd.
  46. Jaworski, R. (2002, March 15). Friedman and Freedom. Milton Friedman interviewed by Peter Jaworski. The Journal (Queen's University, Canada), 37, 18-19.
  47. Kadlec, C. (2012, May 14). Obama's Student Loan Gambit Devalues The Office Of The President. Forbes. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/ charleskadlec/2012/05/14/obamas-student-loan-gambit-devalues-the-office-of-the-president/
  48. Kinsella, S. (2009, November 9). Milton Friedman on Intolerance, Liberty, Mises, Etc. Retrieved from http://archive.mises.org/11004/milton-friedman-on-intolerance-liberty-mises-etc/
  49. Lewin, P. (1982). Pollution Externalities: Social Cost and Strict Liability. Cato Journal, 2 (1), 205-229.
  50. Liggio, L. P., Peden, J. R. (1978). Social Scientists, Schooling, and the Acculturation of Immigrants in 19th Century America. Journal of Libertarian Studies, 2 (1), 69-84.
  51. Lott, J. (1987). Why is Education Publicly Provided? A Critical Survey. Cato Journal, 7 (2), 475-501.
  52. Lott, J. (1990A). An Explanation for the Public Provision of Schooling: The Importance of Indoctrination. Journal of Law and Economics, 33 (1), 199-231.
  53. Lott, J. (1990B). Why is Education Publicly Provided? Some Further Thoughts. Cato Journal, 10 (1), 293-241.
  54. Lott, J. (1999). Public Schooling, Indoctrination, and Totalitarianism. Journal of Political Economy, 107 (S6), S127-S157.
  55. Machan, T. R. (2010, June 7). Milton Friedman and the Human Good. Retrieved from http://mises.org/daily/4451/Milton-Friedman-and-the-Human-Good
  56. McChesney, F. (1991). Antitrust and Regulation: Chicago's Contradictory Views. Cato Journal, 10 (3), 775-798.
  57. Mises, L. von (1981). Socialism: An Economic and Sociological Analysis. Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Fund. (Original work published 1922).
  58. Mises, L. von. (1998). Human Action: A Treatise of Economics. Scholars' Edition. Auburn, AL: Ludwig von Mises Institute. (Original work published 1949).
  59. Murray, C. (1984). Losing Ground: American Social Policy from 1950 to 1980, New York, NY: Basic Books.
  60. National Center for Education Statistics. (n. d.). CCD Quick Facts. Retrieved from http://nces.ed.gov/ ccd/quickfacts.asp#f3
  61. National Center for Education Statistics. (n. d.). Digest of Education Statistics. Retrieved from http://nces. ed.gov/programs/digest/d10/tables/dt10_063.asp
  62. Olasky, M. (1992). The Tragedy of American Compassion, Chicago, IL: Regnery Gateway.
  63. Postiglione, G. (1982.) The Opponents of Public Education: New York State, 1870-1880. The Journal of Libertarian Studies, 6 (3-4), 359-376.
  64. Richman, S. (1994). Separating School and State: How to Liberate America's Families. Fairfax, VA: The Future of Freedom Foundation.
  65. Rickenbacker, W., Boaz, D. (Eds.). (1974). The Twelve Year Sentence: Radical Views of Compulsory Education. LaSalle, IL: Fox and Wilkes.
  66. Rothbard, M. N. (2004). Man, Economy and State, Scholar's Edition. Auburn, AL: Ludwig von Mises Institute. (Original work published 1962).
  67. Rothbard, M. N. (1972). Education, Free and Compulsory: The Individual's Education. Wichita, KS: Center for Independent Education.
  68. Rothbard, M. N. (1973). For a New Liberty. The Libertarian Manifesto. New York, NY: Macmillan.
  69. Rothbard, M. N. (1982). Law, Property Rights, and Air Pollution. Cato Journal, 2 (1), reprinted in Economics and the Environment: A Reconciliation, Walter Block, ed., Vancouver: The Fraser Institute, 1990. (Original work published in Cato Journal, 2 (1)).
  70. Rothbard, M. N. (1993). Man, Economy, and State, Auburn, AL: Ludwig von Mises Institute.
  71. Rothbard, M. N. (1997). The Logic of Action: Applications and Criticism from the Austrian School (Vol. 2). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.
  72. Rothbard, M. N. (2002). Milton Friedman Unraveled. Journal of Libertarian Studies, 16 (4), 37-54.
  73. Santoriello, A., Block, W.E. (1996). Externalities and the Environment. The Freeman, 46 (11), 755-756.
  74. Shugart, W. F. II. (1987). Don't Revise the Clayton Act, Scrap It! Cato Journal, 6 (3), 925-932.
  75. Smith, F. L. Jr. (1983, December 31). Why not Abolish Antitrust? Regulation, 23-33.
  76. Sowell, T. (1993). Inside American Education: The Decline, the Deception, The Dogmas. New York, NY: The Free Press.
  77. Spring, J. H. (1972). Education and the Rise of the Corporate State. Boston, MA: Beacon Press.
  78. Terrell, T. D. (1999). Property Rights and Externality: The Ethics of the Austrian School. Journal of Markets and Morality, 2 (2), 197-207.
  79. Tucker, J. (1998A). Controversy: Are Antitrust Laws Immoral? Journal of Markets & Morality, 1 (1), 75-82.
  80. Tucker, J. (1998B). Controversy: Are Antitrust Laws Immoral? A Response to Kenneth G. Elzinga. Journal of Markets & Morality, 1 (1), 90-94.
  81. Vance, L. M. (2005, April 21). The Curse of the Withholding Tax. Retrieved from http://mises.org/daily/1797
  82. West, E. G. (1964). Private versus Public Education: A Classical Economic Dispute. Journal of Political Economy, 72 (5), 465-475.
  83. West, E. G. (1965). Education and the State: A Study in Political Economy. London, UK: The Institute of Economic Affairs.
  84. West, E. G. (1967). The Political Economy of Public School Legislation. Journal of Law and Economics, 10, 101-128.
  85. Wilcke, R. R. (1999). An appropriate ethical model for business, and a critique of Milton Friedman. Paper presented at Proceedings of Ludwig von Mises Institute "Austrian Scholars Conference", April 16- 17, 1999, Auburn: AL.
  86. Williams, W. E. (1982). The State Against Blacks, New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
  87. Woods, T. E. Jr. (2009). Meltdown: A Free-Market Look at Why the Stock Market Collapsed, the Economy Tanked, and Government Bailouts Will Make Things Worse. Washington, DC: Regnery Publishing.
Cytowane przez
Pokaż
ISSN
2084-0845
Język
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/ce.1897-9254.126
Udostępnij na Facebooku Udostępnij na Twitterze Udostępnij na Google+ Udostępnij na Pinterest Udostępnij na LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu