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Poznańska Joanna (Seattle Pacific University)
Economic Integration and Structural Adjustment in the European Union : Old and New Members
Emergo. Journal of Transforming Economies and Societies, 2004, vol. 11, no. 1, s. 2-17, tab., bibliogr. 9 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Integracja gospodarcza i polityczna Europy, Przekształcenia ustrojowo-systemowe, Analiza danych statystycznych
Economic and political integration of Europe, Systemic transformation, Statistical data analysis
Unia Europejska (UE)
European Union (EU)
To evaluate the impact of this more than a decade-long process of integrating Eastern Europe into the European Union, it is helpful to compare technological trends among the candidate countries before 1990, when overall reforms as well as the accession process had started, with the trends that have followed this turning point. Using some well-accepted indicators of technological performance, we find that the initial response to change in the institutional environment in the region has been rather nega-tive. Until recently, there have been no signs of reversing this initial response for the region as a whole, with only few countries eventually showing such a trend reversal, even a net gain. (fragment of text)
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Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
  1. Amann, R., Cooper J. and Davies, R. (eds) (1977) The Technological Level of Soviet Industry. New Haven: Yale University
  2. Bell, M. and Pavitt, K. (1993) "Technological Accumulation and Industrial Growth: Contrasts between Developed and Underdeveloped Countries". Industńal and Corporate Change 2 (2): 157-210
  3. Hanson, P. and Pavitt, K. (1987) The Comparative Economics of Research and Development and Innovation in East and West: A Survey. New York: Harwood Academic Press
  4. Krugman, P. (1994) "The Myth of Competitiveness". Foreign Affairs 3
  5. North, D. (1979) "A Framework for Analysing the State in Economic History". Explorations in Economic History 2
  6. OECD (2001) Main Science and Technology Indicators. Issue 2. Paris: OECD
  7. Pavitt, K. (1997) "Transforming Centrally Planned Systems of Science and Technology: The Problem of Obsolete Competencies" in D. Dyker (ed.) The Technology of Transition. Budapest: Central European University Press
  8. Poznański, K. (1987) "Technology, Competition and the Soviet Bloc in the World Market". Berkeley: Institute of International Studies
  9. United Nations (2002) "Technological Activity in the EEC Region during the 1990s" in Economic Survey of Europe - 2001. Economic Commission for Europe. New York: United Nations
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