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Fertala Nikolinka (University of Tuebingen, Germany)
Immigrant's Prosperity to Self-Employment in Germany
Emergo. Journal of Transforming Economies and Societies, 2003, vol. 10, no. 4, s. 30-42, tab., bibliogr. 18 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Przedsiębiorczość imigrantów, Imigracja, Formy zatrudnienia, Przedsiębiorczość, Rynek pracy
Immigrant entrepreneurship, Immigration, Employment forms, Entrepreneurship, Labour market
In this study we initiated the analysis of the entrepreneurial behaviour of immigrants in Germany. In particular, we estimated the propensity of male and female immigrants towards self-employment as an alternative to the wage/salary sector. Based on GSEOP data for 1984 and 2000, we find that, unlike all other destination countries for immigrants - for instance, the United States with its blooming entrepreneurial sector and where immigrant entrepreneurship flourishes - Germany's self-employment sector occupies a very low share. The empirical results presented in this research suggest that the immigrants are drawn into the world of business ownership by different factors.(fragment of text)
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Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
  1. Audretsch, D. B, Thurik, R., Verheul, I. and Wennekers, S. (2002) Entrepreneurship: Determinants and Policy in a European-US Comparison. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers
  2. Audretsch, D. B. (2002) "Entrepreneurship: A Survey of the Literature". Paper prepared for the European Commission, Enterprise Directorate General, mimeo
  3. Blanchflower, D. G., Oswald, A. and Stutzer, A. (2001) "Latent Entrepreneurship across Nations". European Economic Review 45: 680-91
  4. Blau, G. (1999) "Testing the Longitudinal Impact of Work Variables and Performance Appraisal Satisfaction on Subsequent Overall Job Satisfaction". Human Relations 52: 1099-1113
  5. Clark, K. and Drinkwater, S. (1998) "Ethnicity and Self-employment in Britain". Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 60 (3): 383-407
  6. Constant, A. (1998) "The Earnings of Male and Female Guestworkers and their Assimilation into the German Labour Market: A Panel Study, 1984-1993". PhD dissertation, Vanderbilt University
  7. Fairlie, R. W. and Meyer, B. D. (1996) "Ethnic and Racial Self-employment Differences and Possible Explanations". Journal of Human Resources 31 (4): 757-93
  8. Le, A. T. (1999) "Empirical Studies of Self-Employment". Journal of Economic Survey 13 (4): 381-416
  9. Lecker, T. and Yochanan, S. (1999) "Immigration and Socioeconomic Gaps: Theory and Applications". Applied Economics 31: 539-49
  10. Lee, L-F. (1983) "Generalized Econometric Models with Selectivity". Econometrica 51 (2): 507-12
  11. Leicht, R. and Luber, S. (2002) "Berufliche Selbständigkeit im internationalen Vergleich. Die Bedeutung moderner Dienstleistungen in der neuen Arbeitswelt" [Self-employment by occupation in international comparison. The meaning of modern services in the new working world] in H. Eich-mann, I. Kaupa and K. Steiner (eds) Game Over? Neue Selbständigkeit und New Economy nach dem Hype. Wien: Falter Verlag
  12. Pfeiffer, F. and Reize, F. (2000) "Business Start-ups by Unemployment - an Econometric Analysis Based on Firm Data". Labour Economics 7: 629-63
  13. Razin, E. and Langlois, A. (1996) "Metropolitan Characteristics and Entrepreneurship among Immigrants and Ethnic Groups in Canada". International Migration Review 30: 703-27
  14. SOEP Group (2001) "The German Socio-economic Panel (GSOEP) After More Than 15 Years -Overview". Quarterly Journal of Economic Research 70: 7-14
  15. Taylor, M. P. (1996) "Earnings, Independence or Unemployment: Why Become Self-Employed?". Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 58 (3): 253-66
  16. Wagner, J. and Sternberg, R. (2002) "Personal and Regional Determinants of Entrepreneurial Activities: Empirical Evidence from the REM Germany". IZA Discussion Paper No. 624. Institute for the Study of Labour
  17. Yuengert, A. M. (1995) "Testing Hypotheses of Immigrant Entrepreneurship". Journal of Human Resources 30 (1): 194-204
  18. Zimmermann, K. F. (1995) "Tackling the European Migration Problem". Journal of Economic Perspectives 9: 45-62
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