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Autor
Michałek Jan J. (University of Warsaw, Poland)
Tytuł
Three Case Studies of Temporary Protection: Escape Clauses Applied by Poland in the Late 1990s
Źródło
Emergo. Journal of Transforming Economies and Societies, 2003, vol. 10, no. 1, s. 2-13, tab., bibliogr. 20 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Handel międzynarodowy, Strefy wolnego handlu, Negocjacje międzynarodowe
International trade, Free trade area, International negotiations
Firma/Organizacja
Światowa Organizacja Handlu, Układ Ogólny w Sprawie Ceł i Handlu
World Trade Organization (WTO), General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
Abstrakt
What economic arguments, apart from traditional infant industry protectionism, can explain the pattern of sectoral "backsliding" in Poland? At first glance it seems that the government considered, and rather intuitively, strategic trade policy arguments in choosing sectors for temporary protection. Presumably, in all of the protected manufacturing sectors under consideration, international competition is imperfect, products are differentiated and economies of scale are significant. But the relevance of this argument is based on many rigorous assumptions and empirical support for these theories is rather weak. More important is the fact that these arguments are almost irrelevant in the case of small producers with no dominant position on the world market. They therefore do not represent valid arguments for protection in the case of Poland. (fragment of text)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. Armington, P. (1969) "A Theory of Demand for Products Distinguished by Place of Production". IMF Staff Papers XVI, pp. 159-76
  2. Buffie, E. (2001) Trade Policy in Developing Countries. Cambridge University Press
  3. Corden, M. (1997) Trade Policy and Economic Welfare. Oxford: Clarendon Press
  4. Dixit, A. and Stiglitz, J. (1977) "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity." American Economic Review 67: 297-308
  5. Eaton, J. and Grossman, G. (1986) "Optimal Trade and Industrial Policy under Oligopoly". Quarterly Journal of Economics 101
  6. Europe Agreement (1991) "Europe Agreement Establishing an Association Between Poland, on the One Part, and the European Communities and Their Member States, on the Other". Consolidated text as on 31 October 2000. Warsaw: Committee for European Integration (UKIE)
  7. Foreign Trade Research Institute (1994) Poland's Foreign Trade Policy 1993-94. Warsaw: Foreign Trade Research Institute
  8. Foreign Trade Research Institute (1996) Poland's Foreign Trade Policy 1995-96. Warsaw: Foreign Trade Research Institute
  9. Foreign Trade Research Institute (1999) Poland's Foreign Trade Policy 1998-99. Warsaw: Foreign Trade Research Institute
  10. Foreign Trade Research Institute (2000) Poland's Foreign Trade Policy 1999-2000. Warsaw: Foreign Trade Research Institute
  11. Francois, J. and Hall, K. (1998) "Partial Equilibrium Modelling" in J. Francois and K. Reinert Applied Methods for Trade Policy Analysis. Amsterdam: Erasmus University
  12. Francois, J., McDonald, B. and Nordstrom, H. (1995) "Assessing the Uruguay Round" in W. Martin and L. A. Winters (eds) The Uruguay Round and the Developing Economies. World Bank Discussion Paper No. 307. Washington DC: The World Bank
  13. Krugman, P. (1984) "Import Protection as Export Promotion. International Competition in the Presence of Oligopoly and Economies of Scale" in H. Kierzkowski (ed.) Monopolistic and International Trade. Oxford: Blackwell
  14. Krugman, P. and Smith, A. (eds) (1994) Empirical Studies in Strategic Trade Policy. NBER. Chi< go: Chicago University Press
  15. Maliszewska, M., Michałek, J. and Smith, A. (1999) "EU Accession and Poland's External Trade Policy". Economic Discussion Paper No. 45. Warsaw University: Faculty of Economic Sciences
  16. Reinert, K. A. R. and Shiells, C. R. (1992). "Estimated Elasticities of Substitution for Analysis of a North American Free Trade Area". Staff Research Study 19. Washington DC: US International Trade Commission, Office of Economics
  17. Reinert, K. A. R. and Roland-Hoist, D. W. (1992) "Disaggregated Armington Elasticities for the Mining and Manufacturing Sectors". Journal of Policy Modelling 4: 5
  18. Shiells, C. R., Stern, R. M. and Deardorff, A. V. (1986) "Estimates of the Elasticities of Substitution between Imports and Home Goods for the United States". Weltwirtshaftliches Archiv 122 (3): 497-519
  19. Stern, R. M., Francis, J. and Schumacher, B. (1976) Price Elasticities in International Trade: An Annotated Bibliography. London: Trade Policy Research Centre
  20. WTO (2000) "Trade Policy Review Poland". Report by the WTO Secretariat. Geneva: WTO
Cytowane przez
Pokaż
ISSN
1233-3115
Język
eng
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