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Michałek Jan J. (University of Warsaw, Poland)
Three Case Studies of Temporary Protection: Escape Clauses Applied by Poland in the Late 1990s
Emergo. Journal of Transforming Economies and Societies, 2003, vol. 10, no. 1, s. 2-13, tab., bibliogr. 20 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Handel międzynarodowy, Strefy wolnego handlu, Negocjacje międzynarodowe
International trade, Free trade area, International negotiations
Światowa Organizacja Handlu, Układ Ogólny w Sprawie Ceł i Handlu
World Trade Organization (WTO), General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
What economic arguments, apart from traditional infant industry protectionism, can explain the pattern of sectoral "backsliding" in Poland? At first glance it seems that the government considered, and rather intuitively, strategic trade policy arguments in choosing sectors for temporary protection. Presumably, in all of the protected manufacturing sectors under consideration, international competition is imperfect, products are differentiated and economies of scale are significant. But the relevance of this argument is based on many rigorous assumptions and empirical support for these theories is rather weak. More important is the fact that these arguments are almost irrelevant in the case of small producers with no dominant position on the world market. They therefore do not represent valid arguments for protection in the case of Poland. (fragment of text)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej w Warszawie
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
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  13. Krugman, P. (1984) "Import Protection as Export Promotion. International Competition in the Presence of Oligopoly and Economies of Scale" in H. Kierzkowski (ed.) Monopolistic and International Trade. Oxford: Blackwell
  14. Krugman, P. and Smith, A. (eds) (1994) Empirical Studies in Strategic Trade Policy. NBER. Chi< go: Chicago University Press
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  16. Reinert, K. A. R. and Shiells, C. R. (1992). "Estimated Elasticities of Substitution for Analysis of a North American Free Trade Area". Staff Research Study 19. Washington DC: US International Trade Commission, Office of Economics
  17. Reinert, K. A. R. and Roland-Hoist, D. W. (1992) "Disaggregated Armington Elasticities for the Mining and Manufacturing Sectors". Journal of Policy Modelling 4: 5
  18. Shiells, C. R., Stern, R. M. and Deardorff, A. V. (1986) "Estimates of the Elasticities of Substitution between Imports and Home Goods for the United States". Weltwirtshaftliches Archiv 122 (3): 497-519
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