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Morawski Leszek (Warsaw University, Poland; Leon Kozminski Academy of Entrepreneurship and Management, Poland), Socha Mieczysław W. (Warsaw University, Poland; Leon Kozminski Academy of Entrepreneurship and Management, Poland)
Different Paths to Non-agricultural Self-employment? Evidence from Poland, Germany and the United Kingdom
Emergo. Journal of Transforming Economies and Societies, 2003, vol. 10, no. 1, s. 14-29, tab., bibliogr. 17 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Formy zatrudnienia, Wynagrodzenia, Wskaźniki ekonomiczne
Employment forms, Remuneration, Economic indicators
Polska, Wielka Brytania, Niemcy
Poland, United Kingdom, Germany
There has been substantial interest in research and public policy concern over the role of self-employment in OECD countries' development. In addition, self-employment has grown rapidly from very low levels in the post-communist countries after the crash of the centrally planned system. Now, transition economies like Poland face major challenges in job creation and poverty alleviation while contending with social and economic restructuring. Entrepreneurs running small businesses play a vital role in job creation, new product development and growing new industries in what is now a competitive economy. Furthermore, self-employment is perhaps one of the most important and critical moments in the entrepreneurship supply process. (fragment of text)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
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  3. Chilosi, A. (2001) "Entrepreneurship and Transition". Dipartimento Di Scienze Economiche Sede di Scienze Politiche, Universiti Di Pisa, Pisa, mimeo
  4. Co, C. Y., Gang, I. N. and Yun, M. S. (2002) "Self-employment and Wage Earning in Hungary During Transition". IZA Discussion Paper No. 572, Bonn
  5. Earle, J. S. and Sakova, Z. (1999) "Entrepreneurship from Scratch: a Lesson on the Entry Decision into Self-Employment from Transition Economies", SITE, Stockholm School of Economics,
  6. Evans, D. and Jovanovic B. (1989) "An Estimated Model of Entrepreneurial Choice Under Liquidity Constraints". Journal of Political Economy 97 (4): 808-27
  7. Hanley, E. (2000) "Self-employment in Post-communistic Eastern Europe: a Refuge from Poverty or Road to Riches". Communist and Post-communist Studies 33: 379-402
  8. Henley, A. (1999) "Being Your Own Boss: Entrepreneurial Choice, Earnings and Employment Creation in 1990s Britain", University of Wales, Aberystwyth
  9. Ilmakunnas, P. V, Kanniainen, U. and Lammi (1999) "Entrepreneurship, Economic Risks and Risk-Insurance in the Welfare State", Department of Economics, University of Helsinki, mimeo
  10. Kilhstrom, R. E. and Laffont, J. J. (1979) "A General Equilibrium Entrepreneurial Theory of Firm Formation Based on Risk Aversion". Journal of Political Economy 87: 719-48
  11. Le, A. T. (1999) "Empirical Studies of Self-employment". Journal of Economic Surveys 13 (4): 381-416
  12. Lohmann, H, Luber, S. and Müller, W. (1999) "Who is Self-employed in France, the United Kingdom and West Germany? Patterns of Male Non-agricultural Self-Employment". Arbeitspapiere -Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung, No. 11
  13. Lucas, R. E. (1978) "On the Size Distribution of Firms". Bell Journal of Economics 9 (2): 508-23
  14. Maddala, G. S. (1983) Limited Dependent and Qualitative Variables in Econometrics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
  15. Morawski, L. and Socha, M. W. (2002) "Pracujący na własny rachunek: Polska, Węgry, Wielka Brytania" [Self-employed workers: Poland, Hungary and the United Kingdom], Warsaw University, Warsaw, mimeo
  16. Rees, H. and Shah, A. (1986) "An Empirical Analysis of Self-employment in the UK". Journal of Applied Econometrics 1: 95-108
  17. Taylor, M. P. (1996) "Earnings, Independence or Unemployment: Why Become Self-employed?". Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 58 (2): 253-66
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