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Sztajer Sławomir (Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu)
Locke and Müller on Language, Thought and Religion
Locke i Miller w sprawie języka, myśli i religii
Człowiek i Społeczeństwo / Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu. Wydział Nauk Społecznych, 2012, t. 34, s. 249-259
Tytuł własny numeru
Nowe perspektywy filmoznawstwa
Słowa kluczowe
Filozofia, Poglądy filozoficzne
Philosophy, Philosophical thought
Locke John, Muller Fredrich Max
This article is a contribution to research on the influence of John Locke's philosophy on Friedrich Max Müller's science of language, thought and religion. In the present study, influence is understood not merely as a more or less original continuation of Locke's philosophy, but also as an opposition to his achievements and criticism of his thought. While in the former case Locke's achievements form the basis for philosophical considerations, in the latter they constitute a negative point of reference which determines, to a considerable degree, debates on philosophical issues. The author of this article argues that many hypotheses elaborated by Müller, especially in the fields of the science of language and the science of religion, are based on Locke's philosophical achievements. Among the theories developed by Müller are the conception of mythology as a "disease" of language, the theory of metaphor as a linguistic phenomenon that allows language users to represent those domains of discourse which transcend sense experience, and a study concerning the relation between language and thought. (original abstract)
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  6. Language and Myth, Dover, New York 1953
  7. Locke J., Essay Concerning Human Understanding, 2.5.4, London 1825
  8. Losonsky F.M., Language, Meaning, and Mind in Locke's Essay, in: L. Newman (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Locke's "Essay Concerning Human Understanding", Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2010
  9. Müller F.M., Physical Religion, Longmans, Green, ad Co., London 1898
  10. Müller F.M., Comparative Philology, Edinburgh Review, Oct. 1851
  11. Müller F.M., Introduction to the Science of Religion, Longmans, Green, ad Co., London 1873
  12. Müller F.M., Lectures on the Science of Religion, Scribner and Co., New York 1872
  13. Müller F.M., Science of Thought, vol. 1, Charles Scribner's Sons, New York 1887
  14. Müller F.M., The Science of Language, vol. II, Longmans, Green, ad Co., London
  15. Müller F.M., Three Introductory Lectures to the Science of Thought, The Open Court Publishing Company, Chicago 1898
  16. Rorty R. (ed.), The Linguistic Turn: Recent Essays in Philosophical Method, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London 1967
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