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Pfeifer Christian (Leuphana Universität Lüneburg, Germany), Wagner Joachim (Leuphana Universität Lüneburg, Germany)
Age and Gender Effects of Workforce Composition on Productivity and Profits: Evidence from a New Type of Data for German Enterprises
Contemporary Economics, 2014, vol. 8, nr 1, s. 25-49, tab.,wykr., bibliogr. 38 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Uwarunkowania mikroekonomiczne, Struktura zatrudnienia, Produktywność siły roboczej, Człowiek a praca, Wydajność pracy, Rentowność przedsiębiorstwa, Równouprawnienie kobiet i mężczyzn, Zarządzanie wiekiem, Ceteris paribus
Microeconomic conditions, Employment structure, Labour productivity, Human and labour, Labour efficiency, Enterprise profitability, Equal rights for women and men, Age management, Ceteris paribus
This empirical paper documents the relationship between the composition of a firm's workforce (with a special focus on age and gender) and its performance (productivity and profitability) for a large representative sample of enterprises from manufacturing industries in Germany using newly available, unique data. We find concave age-productivity profiles and a negative correlation of age on firms' profitability. Moreover, our micro-econometric analysis reveals for the first time that the ceteris paribus lower level of productivity in firms with a higher share of female employees does not go hand in hand with a lower level of profitability in these firms. (original abstract)
Pełny tekst
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