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Autor
Santis Gustavo de, Maltagliati Mauro, Salvini Silvana
Tytuł
How close? An attempt at measuring the cultural distance between countries
Źródło
ISiD Working Papers, 2014, nr 38, 63 s., rys., tab., wykr., bibliogr. 9 poz.
Zeszyty ISiD
Słowa kluczowe
Kultura, Porównania międzynarodowe, Dynamiczne metody badań, Badania ankietowe
Culture, International comparisons, Dynamic test methods, Questionnaire survey
Uwagi
summ.
Abstrakt
We present a (to the best of our knowledge) new method for evaluating the relative distance between any two countries, among several, on the basis of individual data. First, clusters of respondents are formed and the proportion of each country's respondents who belong to the various clusters is calculated. Under the assumptions that 1) respondents in the same cluster are similar to one another (and different from those who belong to different clusters), and 2) that two countries are close to each other when their nationals distribute similarly between clusters, the distance between countries can be expressed in terms of distance between the observed distributions (the average of the squared differences between the ranks). The method is applied to the WVS (World Value Survey) dataset for the years 1994-2007, first separately, by "domain" (opinions and attitudes on, e.g., religion, politics, and family), and then on all of the (selected) variables together. On the basis of the data of the WVS, this procedure leads us to conclude that Italy and Poland, the two countries of interest in this study, are very close to each other in the European context. (original abstract)
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Bibliografia
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  1. Christiansen S., Keilman N. (2013) Probabilistic household forecasts based on register data- the case of Denmark and Finland, "Demographic Research", 29 (art. 43): 1263-1302, DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2013.28.43.
  2. Hoem J.M., Gabrielli G., Jasilioniene A., Kostova A., Matysiak A. (2010) Levels of recent union formation : Six European countries compared, "Demographic Research", 22 (art. 9): 199-210, DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2010.22.9.
  3. Inglehart R. (1971) The silent revolution in Europe: Intergenerational change in post-industrial societies, The American Political Science Review, 65(4): 991-1017, http://costa.wustl.edu/teaching/IntroComp/Reading/inglehart1971.pdf.
  4. Inglehart R. (2008) Changing values among western publics from 1970 to 2006, West European Politics, 31(1-2): 130-146, http://www.worldvaluessurvey.org/wvs/articles/folder_published/publication_559.
  5. Kapitány B., Spéder Z. (2012) Réalisation et évolution des intentions de fécondité en trois ans dans quatre pays européens, Population-F, 67(4): 711-744.
  6. Lesthaeghe R. (2011) The "Second Demographic Transition": A Conceptual Map for the Understanding of Late Modern Demographic Developments in Fertility and Family Formation, Historical Social Research, Vol. 36 (2): 179-218, http://www.ssoar.info/ssoar/handle/document/34225.
  7. Leti G. (1983) Statistica descrittiva, Il Mulino, Bologna.
  8. Reigner-Loilier A., Vignoli D. (2011) Intentions de fécondité et obstacles à leur réalisation en France et en Italie, Population-F, 66(2): 401-432.
  9. Sobotka T. (2008) The diverse faces of the Second Demographic Transition in Europe. Demographic Research, 19 (art. 8): 171-224. http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol19/8/.
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Język
eng
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