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Autor
Niemelä Tarja (University of Jyväskylä, Finland), Häkkinen Reija (University of Jyväskylä, Finland, doktorantka)
Tytuł
The Role of Pluriactivity for Continuity and Survival in Family Farm Firms
Źródło
Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Innovation (JEMI), 2014, vol. 10, nr 4, s. 7-43, załącznik, rys., bibliogr. 103 poz.
Tytuł własny numeru
Entrepreneurship and Performance of Firms
Słowa kluczowe
Rodzinne gospodarstwo rolne, Strategia rozwoju, Przedsiębiorczość
Family farm, Development strategy, Entrepreneurship
Uwagi
streszcz., summ.
Abstrakt
Nasze badania skupiają się na rodzinnych gospodarstwach rolnych jako ważnym, choć wciąż zbyt mało zbadanym rodzaju firm rodzinnych. Badamy zachowania przedsiębiorcze w kontekście rodzinnych gospodarstw rolnych, skupiając się na roli wielo-zawodowości. Integrując literaturę na temat strategii stosowanych przez rodzinne firmy, możliwości i zamiarów rozwoju, nasze badanie, obejmujące 1618 fińskich rodzinnych gospodarstw rolnych pokazuje ideę wielo-zawodowości jako strategicznej orientacji rodzinnych gospodarstw, prowadzącej do wzrostu i odnowienia obecnych i przyszłych domen. Nasze badania pokazują, że wielo-zawodowość związana jest z orientacją na rozwój i postrzeganymi mocnymi stronami rodzin-nych gospodarstw rolnych. Wyodrębniliśmy cztery rodzaje grup wzrostu (Ustabilizowany, Skupiony na Wzroście, Eksperymentujący oraz Unieruchomieni), jak również pokazaliśmy różnice w ich orientacji na wielo-zawodowość. Sugerujemy, że wielo-zawodowość jako orientacja strategiczna wpływa na zamiary rozwoju przedsiębiorców rodzinnych oraz na procesy odnowy biznesu w rodzinnych gospodarstwach rolnych. Przedsiębiorcy muszą posiadać możliwości (wiedzę, umiejętności, doświadczenie) oraz chęć do wprowadzania zmian (motywacja, postawa, wola), jeżeli stosują wielo-zawodowość jako strategiczną orientację wpływającą na zachowania prowadzące do wzrostu. Wreszcie omawiamy nasze wyniki i oferujemy kilka sugestii dotyczących przyszłych obszarów badań w zakresie strategii biznesowych firm rodzinnych. (abstrakt oryginalny)

Our study focuses on family farm firms as an important and yet under-researched type of family firms. We explore the entrepreneurial growth behavior in the context of family farm firms by focusing on the role of pluriactivity. By integrating the literature of family business strategies, EO, and growth intentions, this study of 1618 Finnish family farms seeks to understand the idea of pluriactivity as a strategic orientation of family farm firms leading towards the growth and renewal of their prevailing and future domains. Our study revealed that pluriactivity is associated with growth-orientation and perceived strengths of the family farm firms. We identified four types of growth groups (Established, Growth-Driven, Experimenters, Stand-Stills) and found differences in their pluriactive orientation. We suggest that pluriactivity as a strategic orientation affects the growth-intention of the family entrepreneurs and the business renewal processes of the family farm firms. Entrepreneurs need to have capabilities (knowledge, skills, experience) and willingness to change (motivation, attitude, volition) when using pluriactivity as a strategic orientation as they affect growth behavior (EO). Lastly, we discuss with our results and make some suggestions for future research avenues in family business strategy research. (original abstract)
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Bibliografia
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Cytowane przez
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ISSN
2299-7075
Język
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7341/20141041
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