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Autor
Freiling Jörg (University of Bremen, Germany), Schelhowe Christoph Lütke (University of Bremen, Germany)
Tytuł
The Impact of Entrepreneurial Orientation on the Performance and Speed of Internationalization
Źródło
Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Innovation (JEMI), 2014, vol. 10, nr 4, s. 169-199, rys., tab., bibliogr. 97 poz.
Tytuł własny numeru
Entrepreneurship and Performance of Firms
Słowa kluczowe
Orientacja przedsiębiorcza, Przedsiębiorczość, Internacjonalizacja przedsiębiorstw
Entrepreneurial orientation, Entrepreneurship, Enterprise internationalization
Uwagi
streszcz., summ.
Abstrakt
Orientacja przedsiębiorcza stała się ostatnio podstawowym zagadnieniem w literaturze zajmującej się przedsiębiorczością. Jednakże istniejące definicje orientacji przedsiębiorczej głównie skupiając się na zachowaniach eksplorujących, takich jak innowacyjność, pro-aktywność oraz podejmowanie ryzyka. W oparciu o bogatą tradycję badań nad funkcjami przedsiębiorczości, twierdzimy, że czynności eksploatacyjne stanowią takie same wysiłki przedsiębiorcze jak czynności eksplorujące. Opierając się na takim rozumieniu, rozwijamy szerszą konceptualizację konstrukcji orientacji przedsiębiorczej. W empirycznym badaniu obejmującym 346 firm badamy jej wpływ na wyniki osiągane przez internacjonalizację. Orientacja przedsiębiorcza w swej szerokiej konceptualizacji pozytywnie wpływa na wyniki międzynarodowe, a efekt ten jest zdecydowanie silniejszy niż efekty zaobserwowane w dotychczasowych badaniach. Dzieje się tak, ponieważ obydwa wymiary: eksplorujący i eksploatujący - mają znaczenie i w równym stopniu napędzają międzynarodowe wyniki. Orientacja przedsiębiorcza pozytywnie wpływa na wzrost międzynarodowych czynności. Jednakże jej efekt jest dużo mniejszy. Wymiar eksplorujący wydaje się powodować międzynarodowy wzrost, natomiast nie zaobserwowano żadnych efektów wymiaru eksploatującego. (abstrakt oryginalny)

Entrepreneurial orientation has emerged as a major construct in entrepreneurship literature. However, existing definitions of entrepreneurial orientation mainly focus on explorative behavior like innovativeness, proactiveness and risk-taking. Based on the long tradition of research on entrepreneurial functions, we argue that exploitative activities are no less an entrepreneurial endeavor than explorative activities. Following this understanding, we elaborate a broader conceptualization of the entrepreneurial orientation construct. In an empirical study with 346 established companies, we explore its effect on the performance of internationalization. Entrepreneurial orientation in its broader conceptualization positively influences the international performance and the effect is by far stronger than the one observed in existing studies. The reason for this is that both explorative and exploitative dimensions matter and equally drive the international performance. Entrepreneurial orientation positively influences the growth of the international activities as well. However, its effect is much lower. Whereas the explorative dimensions tend to foster the international growth, the exploitative dimensions do not show any effect. (original abstract)
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Bibliografia
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Cytowane przez
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ISSN
2299-7075
Język
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7341/20141047
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