BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

BazEkon home page

Meny główne

Świeboda Wojciech (University of Warsaw, Poland), Krauze Andrzej (The Main School of Fire Service), Nguyen Hung Son (University of Warsaw, Poland)
A Granular Evacuation Modeling Framework
Annals of Computer Science and Information Systems, 2014, vol. 2, s. 337 - 342, rys., bibliogr. 22 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Budownictwo, Bezpieczeństwo, Bezpieczeństwo obiektów, Ewakuacja
Construction sector, Security, Objects' safety, Evacuation
In this paper we describe an evacuation modeling framework based on a graph representation of the scene. Typically such graphs (geometric networks) are constructed using Medial Axis Transform or Straight Medial Axis Transform. In our work we use Voronoi tessellation of a set of points approximating the scene (a single floor plan) along with the dual graph - Delaunay triangulation. Using these two graphs we extract not only the information about paths in the building, but also information about path widths and areas assigned to vertices. We discuss a typical density-based evacuation model coupled with a partial behavioral evacuation model within proposed framework.(original abstract)
Pełny tekst
  1. Afyouni I., Ray C., and Claramunt C., "Spatial models for contextaware indoor navigation systems: A survey." J. Spatial Information Science, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 85-123, 2012. [Online]. Available:
  2. Blum H., "A Transformation for Extracting New Descriptors of Shape," in Models for the Perception of Speech and Visual Form, W. W. Dunn, Ed. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1967, pp. 362-380.
  3. Cormen T. H., Stein C., Rivest R. L., and Leiserson C. E., Introduction to Algorithms, 2nd ed. McGraw-Hill Higher Education, 2001.
  4. Dirichlet G. L., "Über die Reduktion der positiven quadratischen Formen mit drei unbestimmten ganzen Zahlen," Journal für die Reine und Angewandte Mathematik, vol. 40, pp. 209-227, 1850.
  5. Ford L. R.and Fulkerson D. R., "Maximal Flow through a Network." Canadian Journal of Mathematics, pp. 399-404. [Online]. Available:
  6. Galea E., Lawrence P., Gwynne S., Filippidis L., Blackshields D., and Cooney D., buildingEXODUS v6.0, University of Greenwich, Greenwich, London, October 2013.
  7. Gwynne S. M. V. and Rosenbaum E., in SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering, 4th ed., P. J. DiNenno, D. Drysdale, and C. L. Beyler, Eds. Quincy, MA: National Fire Protection Association, 2008, ch. Employing the Hydraulic Model in Assessing Emergency Movement, pp. 373-395 of section 3.
  8. Haas C. de and Boysen M., "The journey from IFC files to indoor navigation," Master's thesis, Aalborg University, 2013.
  9. Korhonen T. and Hostikka S., Fire Dynamics Simulator with Evacuation: FDS+Evac - Technical Reference and User's Guide, Julkaisija-Utgivare, VTT Working Papers 119, 2009.
  10. Kuligowski E. D., Peacock R. D., and Hoskins B. L., "A review of building evacuation models, 2nd edition," National Institute of Standards and Technology, Technical Note 1680, 2010. [Online]. Available:
  11. Lee J., "A spatial access-oriented implementation of a 3-D GIS topological data model for urban entities." GeoInformatica, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 237-264, 2004. [Online]. Available:
  12. Lee Y. and Zlatanova S., Geospatial Information Technology for Emergency Response: International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 1st ed. Bristol, PA, USA: Taylor & Francis, Inc., 2008, ch. A 3D data model and topological analyses for emergency response in urban areas., pp. 143-168.
  13. Lin Y. -H., Liu Y. -S., Gao G., Han X. -G., Lai C. -Y., and Gu M., "The IFC-based path planning for 3D indoor spaces." Advanced Engineering Informatics, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 189-205, 2013. [Online]. Available:
  14. Liu L. and Zlatanova S., "A 'door-to-door' path-finding approach for indoor navigation," in International Archives ISPRS XXXVIII, 7th Gi4DM, B. . Z. Antalya, Backhause, Ed., Jun. 2011.
  15. Liu L. and Zlatanova S., "A semantic data model for indoor navigation," in Proceedings of the Fourth ACM SIGSPATIAL International Workshop on Indoor Spatial Awareness, ser. ISA '12. New York, NY, USA: ACM, 2012, pp. 1-8. [Online]. Available:
  16. Lorenz B., Ohlbach H., and Stoffel E. -P., "A hybrid spatial model for representing indoor environments," in Web and Wireless Geographical Information Systems, ser. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, J. Carswell and T. Tezuka, Eds. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2006, vol. 4295, pp. 102-112. [Online]. Available:
  17. Meijers N. P. M. and Zlatanova S., "3D geo-information indoors: Structuring for evacuation." in Proceedings of the Joint International ISPRS, EuroSDR, and DGPF Workshop on Next Generation 3D City Models., 2005, pp. 21-22. [Online]. Available:
  18. Pilvinyte A., "Middleware-free approach for indoor space shortest path queries," Master's thesis, Aalborg University, 2013.
  19. Pu S. and Zlatanova S., "Evacuation route calculation of inner buildings," in Geo-information for Disaster Management, P. Oosterom, S. Zlatanova, and E. Fendel, Eds. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2005, pp. 1143-1161. [Online]. Available:
  20. Ronchi E., Kuligowski E. D., Reneke P. A., Peacock R. D., and Nilsson D., "The process of verification and validation of building fire evacuation models," National Institute of Standards and Technology, Tech. Rep. 1822, 2013.
  21. The application of fire safety engineering principles to fire safety design of buildings: part 6 : Human factors: Life safety strategies : occupant evacuation, behaviour and condition (sub-system 6). London: BSI, 2004.
  22. Zheng Xiaoping L. M., Tingkuan Z., "Modeling crowd evacuation of a building based on seven methodological approaches." Building and Environment, vol. 44, pp. 437-445. [Online]. Available:
Cytowane przez
Udostępnij na Facebooku Udostępnij na Twitterze Udostępnij na Google+ Udostępnij na Pinterest Udostępnij na LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu