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Kutáš Michal
On Subjectivity and Objectivity in the Social Sciences
Humanum. Międzynarodowe Studia Społeczno-Humanistyczne, 2011, nr 6 (1), s. 85-98, bibliogr. 5 poz.
Humanum. International Social and Humanist Studies
Słowa kluczowe
Obiektywizm, Nauki społeczne
Objectivism, Social sciences
Popper Karl Raimund, von Hayek Friedrich August
In this paper we try to answer the question in what sense social sciences are subjective and in what sense they are objective. We examine only some aspects of this problem. First, we address the question of intersubjectivity, mainly with the ideas of philosopher K. R. Popper. We proceed by proposing the following working definition of objectivity: we understand objective facts as true propositions, the truth of which are independent from a particular observer. We ask whether facts of social sciences are objective in this sense. Then we examine some possible objections to proposed claims and also some aspects of subjectivity of social sciences. We are concerned with the following issues: distribution, imperfection and inconsistency of concrete human knowledge, importance of human purposes, beliefs and opinions and of relations between people or relations of people to things in social sciences. Regarding these problems we are dealing mainly with the work of F. A. Hayek. We also try to show that claims we made about objectivity and subjectivity of social sciences are not contrary to each other(original abstract)
Pełny tekst
  1. HAYEK F. A.: The Counter-Revolution of Science. Studies on the Abuse of Reason. The Free Press, Glencoe, Illinois 1952.
  2. MISES L.: Human Action. A Treatise on Economics. Fox & Wilkes, San Francisco 1996.
  3. POPPER K. R.: The Poverty of Historicism. The Beacon Press, Boston 1957.
  4. POPPER K. R.: The Logic of Scientific Discovery. Routledge, London and New York 2005.
  5. POPPER K. R.: The Open Society and Its Enemies. Volume Two: Hegel and Marx. Routledge, New York 2008.
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