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Autor
Babinčák Peter, Križalkovičová Dominika, Ráczová Beáta
Tytuł
Moral Orientation from the Psychological Perspective-an Aspect of Moral Reasoning
Źródło
Humanum. Międzynarodowe Studia Społeczno-Humanistyczne, 2009, nr 3 (3), s. 365-374, tab., bibliogr. 12 poz.
Humanum. International Social and Humanities Studies
Słowa kluczowe
Moralność, Psychologia, Filozofia moralna
Morality, Psychology, Moral philosophy
Uwagi
summ
Abstrakt
The issue of morality does not represent a dominant topic of the current psychological research, although the interest of predominantly social psychologist in understanding the processes that are behind reasoning of people with respect to moral issues and explaining moral or immoral behaviour can not be denied. The submitted study presents a brief introduction of basic psychological concepts dealing with morality emphasizing the specific notion of moral orientation. The orientation to justice or to care when solving moral dilemmas is known in literature under the term the moral orientation. Gilligan can see the cause of differences in moral orientation in gender differences acquired during the process of socialization. A psychological approach provides many useful explanation of how thinking of people with respect to moral issues is pursued. The actual psychology of morality is mainly based on cognitivistic theories coming out of conceptions of Piaget and Kohlberg. They interconnected approaches isolated and focused on intentions by that time and emphasized importance of a constitutional conditioning of moral judgment. The attention was aimed to judgment processes having an adequate level of cognitive development as an indispensable (even if not sufficient) condition. An important contribution of cognitivists is based also on a rich professional discussion that they invoked. Supporters of cognitivistic scheme "neokohlbergians" or its criticisers revise and amend the basic Kohlberg`s model in such aspects as relativizing of a primary role of cognitions as a sole aspect of the moral decision making, emphasize the significance of concept, situations, type of solved dilemma, influence of conventions, point out the differences in solving hypothetical dilemmas and dilemmas of everyday life etc.(original abstract)
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Bibliografia
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  1. Bore, M., Munro, D., Kerridge, I., Powis, D. (2005). Not moral "reasoning": A Libertarian-Communitarian dimension of moral orientation and Schwartz's value types. Australian Journal of Psychology 57(1), 38 - 48
  2. Eisenberg, N., Cumberland, A., Guthrie, I. K., Murphy, B. C., Shepard, S. A. (2005). Age changes in prosocial responding and moral reasoning in adolescence and early adulthood. Journal of Research on Adolescence 15(3), 235-260
  3. Carlo, G., Eisenberg, N., Knight, G. (1992). An objective measure of adolescents' prosocial moral reasoning. Journal of Research on Adolescence 2 (4), 331 - 349.
  4. Crandall, Ch. S., Tsang, J., Goldman, S., Pennington, J. T. (1999). Newsworthy moral dilemmas: justice, caring, and gender. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 40
  5. Gilliganová, C. (2001). Jiným hlasem: O rozdílné psychologii žen a mužů. Praha: Portál
  6. Glover, R. J. (2001). Discriminators of moral orientation: Gender role or personality?. Journal of Adult Development, 8(1), 1-7.
  7. Heidbrink, H. (1997): Psychologie morálního vývoje. Praha: Portál
  8. Krebs, D. L., Denton, K. (2005). Toward a more pragmatic approach to morality: A critical evaluation of Kohlberg's model. Psychological Review, 112, 629 - 649
  9. Krebs, D. L., Vermeulen, S. C., Denton, K. L., Carpendale, J. I. (1994). Gender and perspective differences in moral judgement and moral orientation. Journal of Moral Education, 23, 17-26
  10. Lind, G. (2004). The meaning and measurement of moral judgement competence: A dual-aspect model. Retrieved March 27, 2008, from University of Konstanz Web site:http://www.uni-konstanz.de/ag-moral/pdf/Lind-2004_meaning-andmeasurement. Pdf
  11. Vacek, P. (2005). Průhledy do psychologie morálky. Gaudeamus: Hradec Králové.
  12. Yacker, N., Weinberg, S. L. (1990). Care and Justice Moral Orientation: A Scale for its. Assessment. Journal of Personality Assessment, 55, 18- 27.
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ISSN
1898-8431
Język
eng
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