BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

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Autor
Jachowicz Piotr
Tytuł
Strajki w górnictwie w świetle polityki gospodarczej rządów brytyjskich z lat 1972-1985
Źródło
Biuletyn IGS / Szkoła Główna Handlowa. Instytut Gospodarstwa Społecznego, 1997, nr 1-4, s. 173-200, tab.
Słowa kluczowe
Strajki, Górnictwo, Polityka gospodarcza, Zarządzanie państwem
Strikes, Mining sector, Economic policy, State management
Uwagi
streszcz.
Kraj/Region
Wielka Brytania
United Kingdom
Abstrakt
W czerwcu 1970 r. do władzy w Wielkiej Brytanii doszli Konserwatyści. Nowy rząd Edwarda Heatha, w którym Margaret Thatcher pełniła funkcję ministra szkolnictwa, wystartował z bardzo radykalnym programem wolnorynkowym. Ograniczono interwencjonizm, zredukowano subwencje państwowe dla przemysłu i zmniejszono podatki. Polityka ta natrafiła jednak na nieprzewidziane trudności. Pod presją silnych związków zawodowych płace szybko wzrastały, co spowodowało, że inflacja w 1971 r. osiągnęła prawie 10%. Jednocześnie nie nadeszło spodziewane ożywienie produkcji. Przeciwnie, nastąpiła stagnacja wzrostu gospodarczego na poziomie 2-3% a bezrobocie przekroczyło "magiczną" liczbę 1 miliona osób. Wiele przedsiębiorstw zagrożonych było bankructwem. Gospodarkę brytyjską ogarnęła "stagflacja", będąca nieznanym wcześniej zjawiskiem polegającym na jednoczesnym występowaniu inflacji i stagnacji wzrostu.
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej w Warszawie
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. Adeney M., Lloyd J., The Miners' Strike 1984-85. Loss Without Limit, Routledge & Kegan Paul, London 1986.
  2. Ashworth W., The History of British Coal Industry, t. V, 1946-1982: The Nationalized Industry, Claredon Press Oxford 1986.
  3. Bevins A., Treasury Guarantee Explained, "The Times" 12.12.1984.
  4. Bevins A., Felton D., Treasury Pledge to Sequestrators, "The Times" 11.12.1984.
  5. British Coal Corporation. Report and Accounts 1991/1992, BCC 1992.
  6. British Coal Corporation. Report and Accounts 1994/1995, BCC 1995.
  7. Clark G., NUM Seeking Political Clash, Mr. Heath Says, "The Times" 29.01.1974.
  8. Clement B., NCB May Withdraw Job Guarantees if Strike Continues, "The Times" 24.11.1984.
  9. Clement B., Jones T., Strike Likely to Shut Down Half Britain's Mines, "The Times" 10.03.1984.
  10. Coal Strike 'Could Paralyse Economy', "The Times" 3.01.1972.
  11. Commons Sitting Suspended in Uproar after Clash over Milion Unemployed, "The Times" 21.01.1972.
  12. Corvina M., Power Station Coal Stocks May Fall to Crisis Lewel in March, "The Times" 15.02.1974.
  13. Crick M., Scargill and the Miners, Penguin Books 1985.
  14. Davenport P., Scargill Claims Arrest a Plot, "The Times" 14.12.1984.
  15. Davenport P., Scargill Fines Obstruction, "The Times" 15.12.1984.
  16. Davenport P., Scargill Halted by Rebel Dozen, "The Times" 6.03.1985.
  17. Decission on NUM Cash Deferred, "The Times" 13.02.1985.
  18. Faux R., All the 18 Scottish Pits Start Strike Action, "The Times" 19.02.1981.
  19. Felton D., High Court Confirms Receiver for NUM, "The Times" 8.12.1984.
  20. Felton D., Miners' Executive Welcomes TUC Iniriative to End Strike, "The Times" 30.11.1984.
  21. Felton D., Miners' Leaders will Back all Areas that Strike, "The Times" 9.03.1984.
  22. Felton D., NUM Assets and Funds under Receiver's Control, "The Times" 1.12.1984.
  23. Ford R., Derbyshire Pitmen Call of Threatened Walkout, "The Times" 21.02.1981.
  24. Four Pools Show Conservatives Holding Lead, "The Times" 28.02.1974.
  25. Gas Board Insists on Reopening Coke Depot, "The Times" 11.02.1972.
  26. Gibb F., Moves Today to Seize Assets, "The Times" 25.10.1984.
  27. Gibb F., New Move to Seiza NUM Assets, "The Times" 11.01.1985.
  28. Gibb F., Receiver May Seek End to NUM Assets Seizure, "The Times" 1.02.1985.
  29. Gibb F., Scargill Says Ł1,000 Fine Paid Without his Authority, "The Times" 18.10.1984.
  30. Gibb F., Unions's Day of Reckoning will Come, Says Judge, "The Times" 29.11.1984.
  31. Goodman G., The Miners' Strike, The Pluto Press 1985.
  32. Gormley J., Battered Cherub. The Autobiography of Joe Gormley, Hamish Hamilton 1982.
  33. Griffiths I., Union to Lose Control of Money, "The Times" 1.12.1984.
  34. Hamilton A., Power Cuts Avoided in Spite of Siege, "The Times" 2.02.1972.
  35. Hamilton A., Power Cuts are Likely Today as Coal Supplies Run Out, "The Times" 7.02.1972.
  36. Hanson C.G., Taming the Trade Unions. A Guide to the Thatcher Government's Employments Reforms 1980-1990, MacMilian 1991.
  37. Heath Warning of Millions Out of Work, "The Times", 12.02.1972.
  38. Hughes C., How Funds will be Seized, "The Times" 27.10.1984.
  39. Incomes after Wilberforce, "The Economist" 1972, nr 6704..
  40. Johnoson C., The Economy under Mrs Thatcher 1979-1990, Penguin Books 1991.
  41. Jones M., Michael Foot, Victor Gollancz 1995.
  42. Jones T., Fight for Survival, Welsh Pitmen's Leader Says, "The Times" 17.02.1981.
  43. Jones T., Wales Waiting for Conference Decision, "The Times" 20.02.1981.
  44. Judge Refuses to Order National Ballot, "The Times" 29.09.1984.
  45. Judge Rejects End of Cash Seizure, "The Times" 19.02.1985.
  46. Labour and Miners Attack Mr. McGahey, Communist Intervention in Pay Dispute Condemned, "The Times" 30.01.1974.
  47. Labour in the Shadow od Scargill's Strike, "The Economist" 1984, nr 7362.
  48. Living with Wilberforce, "The Economist" 1972, nr 6704.
  49. Lloyd A., National Riot Police: Britain's 'Third Force'?, [w:] B. Fine, R. Millar, (red.), Policing the Miners' Strike, Lawrence & Wishaut, London 1985.
  50. Lord Wilberforce to Head Strike Inquiry, "The Times" 12.02.1972.
  51. Ł 2,7 m Union Funds Traced to Dublin, "The Times" 6.11.1984.
  52. MacGregor I., Tyler R., The Enemies Within. The Story of Miners' Strike, Collins, London 1986.
  53. MacIntyre D., Negotiations Start on Aid for Coal Industry as last Group of Unofficial Strikes Return to Work, "The Times" 22.02.1981.
  54. The Miners are Busy Getting Nowhere, "The Economist" 1972, nr 6700.
  55. Miners Ask Judge to Order Ballot, "The Times" 26.09.1984.
  56. Miners Leaders Call off Pickets and Prepare for Coalfield Vote on Pay Proposals, "The Times" 19.02.1972.
  57. Miners' Leaders will Announce Big Back-to Work Majority Today, "The Times" 25.02.1972.
  58. Miners Reject Plea by NCB Chief to Seek Arbitration, "The Times" 14.01.1972.
  59. Miners Should Not Have to Accept 'Relative Depression' to Finance Coal Industry, Inquiry Court Says, "The Times" 19.02.1972.
  60. Miners Turndown 12 per Cent, "The Economist", nr 6698/1972.
  61. Ministers Cut Factory Week by Four Days, "The Times" 12.02.1972.
  62. Miners Vote Next Week after Mr. Heath's Plea is Spurned, "The Times" 25.01.1974.
  63. More Drastic Curbs Even if Miners Accept Report Today, "The Times" 18.02.1972.
  64. More Pay, Few Miners, "The Economist" 1972, nr 6704.
  65. Morgan K.O., The People's Peace. British History 1945-1989, Oxford University Press 1990.
  66. Morris R., One in Three Dismissed May Get Job Back but Amnesty is Unlikely, "The Times" 5.03.1985.
  67. Morris R., Pit Rebels Paying Legal Costs, "The Times" 9.08.1984.
  68. Mr. Heath's General Election Gamble Fails, "The Times" 1.03.1974.
  69. Murray I., New Power Threat as Vital Oil Stocks Run Low, "The Times" 24.01.1972.
  70. National Coal Board. Report and Accounts 1984/1985, NCB 1985.
  71. National Coal Board. Report and Accounts, April 1 1984 - March 31 1985, NCB 1985.
  72. NCB Closure Programme, "The Times" 19.02.1981.
  73. Neal L., Barbezat D., The Economics of the European Union and the Economies of Europe, Oxford University Press 1998.
  74. Nearly a Million Made Idle by 3-day Week, "The Times" 9.01.1974.
  75. No Big Bang, a Writ or Two and Plenty of Smashed Windows, "The Economist" 1984, nr 7354.
  76. NUM 'Afraid of Democracy', "The Times" 28.09.1984.
  77. NUM Money Back from Luxembourg, "The Times" 31.01.1985.
  78. Ottey R., The Strike. An Insider Story, Sidgwick & Jackson 1985.
  79. Pay Inquiry Set up as Talks Fail, "The Times" 11.02.1972.
  80. Perman R., Failure to Get Labour Elected Could Put Coal Industry in Jeopardy, NUM Says, "The Times" 16.02.1974.
  81. Perman R., Pickets at Power Plants Today, "The Times" 11.02.1974.
  82. Picket Miners Injured in Lorry Accident as Attitudes Harden, "The Times" 13.01.1972.
  83. 11 Pleas by Miners, "The Times" 8.08.1984.
  84. Police Acting Legally on Flyind Pickets, "The Times" 23.11.1984.
  85. Power Optimism after Big Pit Vote to Return, "The Times" 26.02.1972.
  86. Power Restrictions on Industry to be Eased, "The Times" 25.02.1972.
  87. Receiver Wants Sequestration to End, "The Times" 16.02.1985.
  88. Routledge P., Back to Work Order Defied by Left-Wing Pit Leaders. Yorkshire May Join the Walkout, "The Times" 20.02.1981.
  89. Routledge P., Battle to Continue in Scotland and Kent, "The Times" 5.03.1985.
  90. Routledge P., Coal Crisis Talks Today after Walkout by 25,000 in Wales. Board Orders Another Closure, "The Times" 18.02.1981.
  91. Routledge P., Coal Offers Fresh Talks as Peace Moves Fail, "The Times" 24.05.1984.
  92. Routledge P., Face Workers get Ł45 Minimum, "The Times" 7.03.1974.
  93. Routledge P., Fire at Major Pit as Miners on Strike Defy Union Safety Appeal, "The Times" 10.01.1972.
  94. Routledge P., Government Retreat May Avert National Coal Strike. Pit Closure Programme Halted, "The Times" 19.02.1981.
  95. Routledge P., Government Sees Signs of Collapse in the NUM Strike, "The Times" 6.11.1984.
  96. Routledge P., Judge Adjourns Hearing but Scargill Remains Defiant, "The Times" 5.10.1984.
  97. Routledge P., Majority of Miners are Now Working, "The Times" 28.02.1985.
  98. Routledge P., Manpower Losses 'Slipping Out of Control' Inquiry is Told, "The Times" 19.02.1974.
  99. Routledge P., Miners Expected to Change the Rules to Get All-Out Strike, "The Times" 13.04.1984.
  100. Routledge P., Miners Leaders Says Government has no Intention of Setting Dispute, "The Times" 22.01.1974.
  101. Routledge P., Miners' National Strike Ballot to Be Urged on Executive by Mr. Gormley, "The Times" 23.01.1974.
  102. Routledge P., Moderates Set Back Left-Wing Hopes of All-Out Pit Strike, "The Times" 16.03.1984.
  103. Routledge P., Notts Miners Called out in New Strategy, "The Times" 21.04.1984.
  104. Routledge P., NUM Gets Some Control of Assets to Fight Sequesrtration, "The Times" 22.12.1984.
  105. Routledge P., NUM Prepares to Blockade Oil and Coal Supplies for Industry, "The Times" 6.02.1974.
  106. Routledge P., Paid Pickets Will Aim to "Freeze" Coal at Key Sites, "The Times" 12.01.1972.
  107. Routledge P., Pit Leaders under Pressure to Call National Strike Vote, "The Times" 19.03.1984.
  108. Routledge P., Pit Militiants Back the Pay Deal, "The Times" 9.02.1974.
  109. Routledge P., Pit Talks Adjourn after order to Seize NUM assets, "The Times" 16.10.1984.
  110. Routledge P., Record 2282 Miners Opt for Return to Work, "The Times" 20.11.1984.
  111. Routledge P., Scargill. An Unauthorised Biography, Harper Collins Publishers, London 1993.
  112. Routledge P., Union Chiefs and Coal Board Called to Downing Street, "The Times" 19.02.1972.
  113. Routledge P., Unoficial Action Likely in Militiant Coalfields, "The Times" 13.02.1981.
  114. Scargill's Ballot-Box Blues, "The Economist" 1984, nr 7337.
  115. Scargill Faces New Contempt Move, "The Times" 6.10.1984.
  116. Scots and Yorkshire Pitmen end Strike, "The Times" 7.03.1985.
  117. Sequestration of NUM Assets to Stay in Force, "The Times" 2.03.1985.
  118. Seton C., Coal Board Hopes on Return to Work, "The Times" 2.11.1984.
  119. Seton C., Miners Clear out More Desks, "The Times" 27.10.1984.
  120. Showpiece Pit Cuts Coal Again, "The Times" 21.12.1984.
  121. Solicitor Asks to Give up Post of NUM Receiver, "The Times" 7.12.1984.
  122. Thatcher M., The Path to Power, Harper Collins Publishers 1995.
  123. Thatcher M., Lata na Downing Street, Wydawnictwo Gdańskie 1996.
  124. TUC Appeals to Ministers and Coal Board to Reopen Pit Talks, "The Times" 10.12.1984.
  125. TUC Chronicle Peace Attempt, "The Times" 28.02.1985.
  126. Two Orders Curb Lights for Shops and Sports, "The Times" 10.02.1972.
  127. Webster P., Kinnock Condemns Violence on Miners' Picket Lines, "The Times" 1.06.1984.
  128. Wood D., Appeal to miners to Defer Strike, "The Times" 8.02.1974.
Cytowane przez
Pokaż
ISSN
0208-791X
Język
pol
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