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Autor
Ragin Agnieszka (Uniwersytet Warszawski, doktorant)
Tytuł
The effects of climate change in the Arctic
Źródło
Stosunki Międzynarodowe, 2011, t. 43, nr 1/2, s. 285-301, rys., wykr., bibliogr. 36 poz.
International Relations
Słowa kluczowe
Zmiany klimatyczne
Climate change
Kraj/Region
Arktyka
Arctic
Abstrakt
The Arctic is probably the most desirable destination in the 21st century due to the climate change phenomenon. After the colonial conquests in Africa and South America, "gold rush" in the USA, citing after Oran R. Young, "the Age of the Arctic" has come. Not to mention the Cold War period, when the strategic importance of this region increased considerably for well-known reasons, changing the Arctic into one of the regions of the greatest military significance on the Earth, historically the Arctic was mainly the location of scientist and travelers exclusive concern. During the past few years this region has started to exist in the society's awareness and has been put on the agenda of all powerful actors on the international scene. (fragment of text)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej w Warszawie
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. O.R. Young, G. Osherenko, The Age of the Arctic. Hot Conflicts and Cold Realities, Cambridge 1989.
  2. Arctic Human Development Report 2004, Stefansson Arctic Institute,
  3. K.F. Hansen, N. Bankes, Human Rights and Indigenous Peoples in the Arctic. What are the Implications for the Oil and Gas Industry?, in: A. Mikkelsen, O. Langhelle (eds.), Arctic Oil and Gas. Sustainability at Risk?, London, New York 2008
  4. According to the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Scientific Report; see online: http://www.acia.uaf.edu/pages/scientific.html (access: August 12, 2010).
  5. NASA online: http://www.nasa.gov/topics/earth/features/arctic_thinice.html (access: August 12, 2010).
  6. National Snow and Ice Data Center: http://nsidc.org/arcticseaicenews/index.html (access: August 12, 2010).
  7. F. Lasserre, High North Shipping: Myths and Realities, in: S. G. Holtsmark, B. A. Smith-Windsor (eds.), Security Prospects in the High North: Geostrategic Thaw or Freeze?, NATO Defense College, Rome, May 2009
  8. A.H. Hoel, Climate change, in: O. S. Stokke, G. Honneland (eds.), International Cooperation and Arctic Governance. Regime Effectiveness and Northern Region Building, London, New York 2007.
  9. K. Dodds, From Frozen Desert to Maritime Domain: New Security Challenges in an Ice-Free Arctic, in: Swords and Ploughshares. Global Security, Climate Change, and the Arctic, The bulletin of the Program in Arms Control, Disarmament, and International Security, University of Illinois, Vol. XVII, No. 3, Fall 2009
  10. O.R. Young, The Arctic in Play: Governance in a Time of Rapid Change, "The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law" 2009, No. 24
  11. O. Langhelle, B.T. Blindheim, O. 0ygarden, Framing Oil and Gas in the Arctic from a Sustainable Development Perspective, in: A. Mikkelsen, O. Langhelle (eds.), Arctic Oil and Gas. Sustainability at Risk?, London, New York 2008
  12. Online: http://geology.com/usgs/arctic-oil-and-gas-report.shtml (access August 16, 2010).
  13. F. Lasserre, Le passage du Nord-Ouest: une route maritime en devenir?, "La revue internationale et stratégique" 2001, Vol. 42
  14. A.H. Hoel, The High North Legal-Political Regime, in: S. G. Holtsmark, B. A. Smith-Windsor (eds.), Security Prospects in the High North: Geostrategic Thaw or Freeze?, NATO Defense College, Rome, May 2009
  15. http://www.mfa.is/publications/aifs/nr/4681 (access: August 22, 2010).
  16. O.S. Stokke, A Legal Regime for the Arctic? Interplay with the Law of the Sea Convention, "Marine Policy" 2007, Vol. 31;
  17. A.H. Hoel, Do We Need a New Legal Regime for the Arctic Ocean?, "The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law" 2009, Vol. 24;
  18. K.S. Yalowitz, J.F. Collins, R.A. Virginia, The Arctic Climate Change and Security Policy Conference. Final Report and Findings., Hanover, New Hampshire, December 2008 Available online: http://www.carnegieendowment.org/files/arctic_climate_change.pdf, p. 20 (access August 12, 2010).
  19. http://arctic-council.org/filearchive/Declaration%20on%20the%20Establishment%20of%20the%20Arctic%20Council-1.pdf (accessAugust 12, 2010).
  20. http://arctic-council.org/section/permanent_participants (access: August 22, 2010).
  21. USA - National Security Presidential Directive-NSPD-66/ Homeland Security Presidential Direc- tive-HSPD-25 (January 2009), available at: http://www.fas.org/irp/offdocs/nspd/nspd-66.htm;
  22. Russian Federation - "Osnovy gosudarstvennot politiki Rossijskoj Federatsii v Arktike" (June 2001) and "Osnovy gosudarstvennot politiki Rossijskoj Federatsii v Arktike na period do 2020 goda i dalneishuiu perspektivu" (September 2008), http://www.scrf.gov.ru/documents/98.html;
  23. Canada - "Securing an Open Society: Canada's National Security Policy" (April 2004), http://www.pco-bcp.gc.ca/docs/information/Publications/natsec-secnat/natsec-secnat-eng.pdf and "An Integrated Arctic Strategy" (January 2008), http://www.itk.ca/sites/default/files/Integrated-Arctic-Stratgey.pdf;
  24. Norway - "Norwegian Government's High North Strategy" (December 2006), see here: http://www.regjeringen.no/upload/UD/Vedlegg/strategien.pdf (access August 12, 2010).
  25. http://www.oceanlaw.org/downloads/arctic/Ilulissat_Declaration.pdf (access August 12, 2010).
  26. Y. Lintao, Testing the Ice, "Beijing Review", August 19, 2010
  27. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2007:0575:FIN:EN:PDF;
  28. http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_data/docs/pressdata/en/reports/99387.pdf;
  29. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2008-0474;
  30. http://ec.europa.eu/external_relations/arctic_region/docs/com_08_763_en.pdf (access: August 12, 2010).
  31. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2008-0474; (p. 14, 15) (access: August 12, 2010).
  32. http://ec.europa.eu/external_relations/arctic_region/docs/com_08_763_en.pdf;
  33. Arctic Frontiers 2010, Living in the High North, Tromso; see here: http://webtv.uit.no/mediasite/Viewer/?peid=5025e20669574dc0b11cf37176b0b7fe (access: August 12, 2010).
  34. Arctic Frontiers 2009, The Age of the Arctic, Tromso; available online: http://webtv.uit.no/mediasite/Viewer/?peid=148e2ee7-80ea-4033-8baf-98a0b1977ffe (access: August 12,2010).
  35. http://www.svs.is/AHDR/AHDR%20chapters/English%20version/AHDR_chp%2013.pdf; (access: August 12, 2010).
  36. http://www.svs.is/AHDR/AHDR%20chapters/English%20version/Chapters%20PDF.htm (access August 12, 2010).
Cytowane przez
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ISSN
0209-0961
Język
eng
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