BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

BazEkon home page

Meny główne

Haddadi Mahdi (Faculty of Law, Farabi Campus, University of Tehran, Iran)
Jurisdiction of Iranian Courts to Deal with Civil Lawsuits Against Foreign States
International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences (ILSHS), 2015, vol. 6 (1), s. 46-54, bibliogr. 15 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Sądownictwo, Umowa międzynarodowa, Prawo
Judicature, International agreement, Law
The principle of immunity of state and their property from foreign state courts is a natural consequence of the adoption of the principle of equal sovereignty of states in the International law and the international community. The principle, except with the consent of a state and outside the exceptions generally accepted in international practice, prevents domestic courts to exercise jurisdiction over a foreign state or their property. However, some countries contrary to the exceptions have taken some steps to violate the principle of state immunity through legislative and judicial measures. In this regard, the Iranian government has been the subject of numerous lawsuits in Federal courts of the United States through which it has been sentenced in absentia to pay more than $ 12 billion. "The law of Jurisdiction of the Justice of the Islamic Republic of Iran to Deal with Civil Lawsuits against Foreign States" is countermeasures to deal with the government violated the immunity of the Iranian government or its officials. Regardless of the many conceptual objections on this law, the act is in place to respond to a political rival with strong political incentives and without approaching to the foundations and the concepts of immunity of the state and adopting a clear stance against it. Thus, despite the adoption of this countermeasure, unfortunately, the Iranian government lacks a coherent formulated policy on the subject of the state immunity and in particular on how to deal with the governments violated its immunity.(original abstract)
Pełny tekst
  1. Abdullahi, M. and Mirshahbiz Shafi'i (2003). State Immunity in International Law, Tehran, Vice President of Research, Development and Expurgate of Presidential Laws and Regulations.
  2. Brownlie, Ian (2008). Principles of Public International Law (7th Ed), Oxford University Press.
  3. Hafner.G, M Kohen,S Breau, (eds.)(2006).State Practice Regarding State Immunities, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
  4. ICJ Reports (2002). Arrest Warrant of 11 April 2000 ( Democratic Republic of the Congo v. Belgium).
  5. ICJ Reports (2012).Jurisdictional Immunities of the State (Germany v. Italy: Greece Intervening).
  6. IDI (2001).Resolution on"Immunity of Foreign States from Jurisdiction and Measure of Execution".
  7. IDI (2009). Resolution on " Immunity from Jurisdiction of the State and of Persons Who Act on Behalf of the State in Case of International Crimes".
  8. Khalaf Rezaei, Hussein, Abdullahi, Mohsen, the Equation of the Conflict between the State Immunity Principle and Peremptory Norms of Human Rights, Nameh-Ye- Mofid Journal, No. 79 (2010) 101-118.
  9. Lauterpacht, Hersch, The Problem of Jurisdictional Immunities of Foreign States, BYIL (1951) 220,227,229.
  10. Research Center of the Iranian Parliament (2010). Expert Opinion about the Reform of Act of the Competence of the Judiciary of the Islamic Republic of Iran to Address against the Foreign States, Enacted in 1999 and Amended in 2000 .
  11. Trooboff, Peter, D(1987). Foreign State Immunity: Emerging Consensus on Principle, RDC, Tome 200.
  12. United Nations Convention on Jurisdictional Immunities of States and Their Property, New York, 2 December 2004.
  13. Wirth, Steffen, Immunity for Core Crimes? The ICJ's Judgment in the Congo v. Belgium Case, EJIL, Vol. 13 , No 4 (2002) 877-893.
  14. YILC(1991). Vol. II(2), Report to the General Assembly of UN on Draft Articles on Jurisdictional Immunities of States and Their Property.
  15. YILC(2001). Report to the General Assembly of UN on Draft Articles on Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts
Cytowane przez
Udostępnij na Facebooku Udostępnij na Twitterze Udostępnij na Google+ Udostępnij na Pinterest Udostępnij na LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu