BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

BazEkon home page

Meny główne

Nazarczuk Jarosław M. (University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland)
Regional Distance: the Concept and Empirical Evidence from Poland
Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, 2015, No. 28, s. 129-141, rys., tab., wykr., bibliogr. 52 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Wzrost gospodarczy, Gospodarka regionalna, Odległość ekonomiczna
Economic growth, Regional economy, Economic distance
The main aim of this paper is to present the concept of regional distance as a measure of economic diversity at the regional level. Additionally, the paper is devoted to the identification of regional inequalities in Poland, based on the metric presented. Estimates of the regional distance between specific regions (NUTS 2) and the mean level of development of the national economy or Mazowieckie Voivodship (the region with the highest GDP per capita in Poland) were based on calculations conducted using logarithmic equations. Two different distances were calculated: (a) the mean number of years required to achieve the present reference area level of development, (b) the mean number of years necessary to achieve the reference area GDP per capita, taking into consideration the growth rate of the reference area. The empirical example of regional distance application revealed significant inequalities between regions of Poland at NUTS 2 level. (original abstract)
Pełny tekst
  1. Albu, L.L., 2012: The Convergence Process in the EU Estimated by Gini Coefficients. In: Journal for Economic Forecasting, Vol. 4, pp. 5-16, available at: http://ideas., DoA: 11 December 2013.
  2. Alderighi, M. and Percoco, M., 2009: Intra-National Disparities, Regional Interactions and the Growth of Countries. In: Fratesi, U. and Senn, L. editors, Advances in spatial science. Growth and Innovation of Competitive Regions, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 269-280.
  3. Amos, O.M., 1988: Unbalanced regional growth and regional income inequality in the latter stages of development. In: Regional Science and Urban Economics, Vol. 18 (4), pp. 549-566. DOI: http://dx.doi. org/10.1016/0166-0462(88)90026-9
  4. Arbia, G., Battisti, M. and Di Vaio, G., 2010: Institutions and geography: Empirical test of spatial growth models for European regions. In: Economic Modelling, Vol. 27 (1), pp. 12-21. DOI: http://dx.doi. org/10.1016/j.econmod.2009.07.004
  5. Barro, R.J., 1991: Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries. In: The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 106 (2), pp. 407-443, available at: http://ideas., DoA: 15 August 2011.
  6. Barro, R.J., 1997: Determinants of economic growth: A cross-country empirical study. The Lionel Robbins lectures, Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.
  7. Barro, R.J. and Sala-i-Martin, X., 2004: Economic growth, Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 2nd Edition.
  8. Bogdański, M., 2012: Socio-economic potential of Polish cities - a regional dimension. In: Szymańska, D. and Biegańska, J. editors, Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, Vol. 17, Toruń: Nicolaus Copernicus University Press, pp. 13-20. DOI: http://dx.doi. org/10.2478/v10089-012-0002-8
  9. Boselli, B., 2011: OECD regions at a glance. Paris: OECD. DOI:
  10. Charbit, C., 2009: Regions matter: Economic recovery, innovation and sustainable growth, Paris: OECD.
  11. Chaudhry, M.D., 1971: Economic Distance among Regions: A Statistical Analysis. In: Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol. 19 (4), pp. 527-544. DOI:
  12. Deza, E. and Deza, M., 2006: Dictionary of distances. Amsterdam, the Netherlands, Boston: Elsevier. DOI:
  13. Deza, M. and Deza, E. 2009: Encyclopedia of distances. Berlin: Springer. DOI: 3-642-00234-2_1
  14. Di Liberto, A. 2007: Convergence and Divergence in Neoclassical Growth Models with Human Capital. In: Economia Politica, Vol. 2, pp. 289-322, available at: 322.html, DoA: 27 May 2012.
  15. Dixon, R. and Thirlwall, A.P., 1975: A Model of Regional Growth-Rate Differences on Kaldorian Lines. In: Oxford Economic Papers, Vol. 27 (2), pp. 201-214, available at: v27y1975i2p201-14.html, DoA: 04 March 2013.
  16. European Commission, 2010: Investing in Europe's future: Fifth report on economic, social and territorial cohesion. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
  17. Eurostat, 2008: Regions in the European Union. Nomenclature of territorial units for statistics. Eurostat compact guides, Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
  18. Eurostat, 2012: Eurostat regional yearbook 2012. Eurostat regional yearbook. Statistical books. Theme, General and regional statistics, Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
  19. Ganesan, S., Malter, A.J. and Rindfleisch, A., 2005: Does Distance Still Matter? Geographic Proximity and New Product Development. In: Journal of Marketing, Vol. 69 (4), pp. 44-60. DOI: http://dx.doi. org/10.1509/jmkg.2005.69.4.44
  20. Ghemawat, P., 2001: Distance still matters. In: Harvard Business Review, Vol. 78(8), pp. 137-147.
  21. Giovannetti, E., 2000: Technology Adoption and the Emergence of Regional Asymmetries. In: The Journal of Industrial Economics, Vol. 48 (1), pp. 71-102. DOI:
  22. Gawlikowska-Hueckel, K. and Umiński, S., 2014: Zdolność do konkurowania. Eksport polski w ujęciu regionalnym w latach 2009-2011 (The competitiveness capability. Polish foreign trade in the regional perspective over the period of 2009-2011 - in Polish). In: Szlachta, J. and Gawlikowska-Hueckel, K. editors, Wrażliwość polskich regionów na wyzwania współczesnej gospodarki (The sensitivity of Polish regions to global economy's challenges - in Polish), Warsaw: Wolters Kluwer, pp. 158-171.
  23. Gorzelak, G., 2009: Cohesion and Convergence: Synonyms or Two Different Notions. In: Kochendörfer-Lucius, G. and Pleskovic, B. editors, Spatial Disparities and Development Policy, Washington, D.C.: The World Bank, pp. 259-264.
  24. Håkanson, L. and Ambos, B., 2010: The antecedents of psychic distance. In: Journal of International Management, Vol. 16 (3), pp. 195-210. DOI: http://dx.doi. org/10.1016/j.intman.2010.06.001
  25. Hutzschenreuter, T., Kleindienst, I. and Lange, S., 2013: Added psychic distance stimuli and MNE performance. In: Journal of International Management. Vol. 20 (1), pp. 38-54. DOI: 2013.02.003
  26. Kukliński A., 1982: Regional Development in Poland - Lessons of Experience. In: GeoJournal, Vol. 6 (3), pp. 261-269. DOI: http://dx.doi org/10.1515/9783110823967.359
  27. Kuznets, S., 1955: Economic growth and income inequality. In: The American Economic Review, Vol. XLV (1), pp. 1-28.
  28. Kuznets, S., 1963, Quantitative Aspects of the Economic Growth of Nations: VIII. Distribution of Income by Size. In: Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol. 11 (2), pp. 1-80. DOI: http://dx.doi. org/10.1086/450006
  29. Lessmann, Ch., 2014: Spatial inequality and development - Is there an inverted U-shaped relationship. In: Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 106, pp. 35-51. DOI:
  30. Marshall, A., 1920: Principles of Economics. An introductory volume. Eighth edition, London: Macmillan & Co.
  31. Martin, P., 2005: The geography of inequalities in Europe. In: Swedish Economic Policy Review, Vol. 12, pp. 83-108.
  32. Martin, P., 2009: The Geography of Inequalities in Europe. In: Kochendörfer-Lucius, G. and Pleskovic, B. editors, Spatial Disparities and Development Policy, Washington, D.C.: The World Bank, pp. 239-256.
  33. Martínez-Zarzoso, I. and Nowak-Lehmann, D.F., 2004: Economic and Geographical Distance: Explaining Mercosur Sectoral Exports to the EU. In: Open Economies Review, Vol. 15 (3), pp. 291-314. DOI: http://dx-
  34. Mazurek, J., 2012: The evaluation of an economic distance among countries: a novel approach. In: Prague Economic Papers, Vol. 3, pp. 277-290.
  35. Myrdal, G., 1957: Economic Theory and Underdeveloped Regions, London: Methuen.
  36. Nazarczuk, J.M., 2013: Potencjał rozwojowy a aktywność inwestycyjna województw i podregionów Polski (Growth potential versus investment activeness of voivodships and subregions of Poland - in Polish), Olsztyn: Wyd. UWM w Olsztynie.
  37. Nazarczuk, J.M., 2013b: Wpływ światowego kryzysu finansowego na gospodarkę Polski i jej regionów (The influence of the global financial crisis on the Polish economy and its regions - in Polish). In: Kisiel, R. and Wojarska, M. editors, Wybrane aspekty rozwoju regionalnego (Selected aspects of regional development - in Polish), Olsztyn: Fundacja "Wspieranie i Promocja Przedsiębiorczości na Warmii i Mazurach".
  38. Nazarczuk, J.M. and Marks-Bielska R., 2011: Foreign Investments and Disparities in Regional Development, In: Olsztyn Economic Journal, Vol. 6 (1), pp. 99-108.
  39. OECD, 2008: Poland. OECD territorial reviews, Paris: OECD. DOI:
  40. OECD, 2010: Regional Development Policies in OECD Countries: OECD Publishing. DOI: http://dx.doi. org/10.1787/9789264087255-en
  41. Patel, S.J., 1964: The Economic Distance Between Nations: Its Origin, Measurement and Outlook. In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 74 (293), pp. 119-131. DOI:
  42. Puga, D., 1999: The rise and fall of regional inequalities. In: European Economic Review, Vol. 43 (2), pp. 303- 334.
  43. Quah, D.T., 1996: Regional convergence clusters across Europe. In: European Economic Review, Vol. 40 (3- 5), pp. 951-958. DOI: 2921(95)00105-0
  44. Ratazjac, W., 2012: Eastern Poland: a belt of poor regions. In: Aestimum. XL Incontro di Studio del Ce.S.E.T., March, pp. 17-33. DOI: Aestimum-10694
  45. Romer, P.M., 1986: Increasing Returns and Long-Run Growth. In: Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 94 (5), pp. 1002-1037. DOI:
  46. Solow, R.M., 1956: A Contribution to the Theory of Economic Growth. In: The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 70 (1), pp. 65-94. DOI: http://dx.doi. org/10.2307/1884513
  47. Szörfi, B., 2007: Development and Regional Disparities - Testing the Williamson Curve Hypothesis in the European Union. In: Focus on European Economic Integration, Vol. 2, pp. 100-121, available at: http://ideas., DoA: 04 March 2013.
  48. Timofiejuk I., 2006: Pomiar dynamiki mierników ekonomicznych (The measurement of economic indicator dynamics - in Polish), Warsaw: WSE-I in Warsaw.
  49. Tsang, E.W.K. and Yip, P.S.L., 2007: Economic Distance and the Survival of Foreign Direct Investments. In: Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 50 (5), pp. 1156-1168. DOI:
  50. Williamson, J.G., 1965: Regional Inequality and the Process of National Development: A Description of the Patterns. In: Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol. 13 (4), pp. 1-84. DOI: http://dx.doi. org/10.1086/450136
  51. Zarycki, T., 2007: History and Regional Development. A Controversy over the 'Right' Interpretation of the Role of History in the Development of Polish Regions. In: Geoforum, 38 (3), pp. 485-493. DOI: http://
  52. Zaucha, J., Ciołek, D., Brodzicki, T. and Głazek, E., 2014: Wrażliwość polskich regionów na wyzwania gospodarki globalnej (The sensitivity of Polish regions to global economy challenges - in Polish). In: Szlachta, J. and Gawlikowska-Hueckel, K. editors, Wrażliwość polskich regionów na wyzwania współczesnej gospodarki (The sensitivity of Polish regions to global economy challenges - in Polish), Warsaw: Wolters Kluwer, pp. 206-244.
Cytowane przez
Udostępnij na Facebooku Udostępnij na Twitterze Udostępnij na Google+ Udostępnij na Pinterest Udostępnij na LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu