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Autor
Scharpf Fritz W. (Instytut Badań nad Społeczeństwem im. Maxa Plancka)
Tytuł
Zapiski o teorii zarządzania wielopoziomowego w Europie
Notes Toward a Theory of Multilevel Governing in Europe
Źródło
Zarządzanie Publiczne / Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Krakowie, 2014, nr 4 (30), s. 80-99, bibliogr. 105 poz.
Public Governance
Słowa kluczowe
Zarządzanie publiczne, Negocjacje, Negocjacje międzynarodowe
Public governance, Negotiations, International negotiations
Uwagi
streszcz., summ.
Firma/Organizacja
Unia Europejska (UE)
European Union (EU)
Abstrakt
Złożoności wielopoziomowej polityki europejskiej w żaden sposób nie oddaje jakikolwiek jednowarstwowy koncept teoretyczny odnoszący się do konkurujących między sobą tendencji międzypaństwowych lub ponadnarodowych. Wręcz przeciwnie, badania empiryczne dotyczące interakcji wielopoziomowych wydają się akcentować unikatowość tego zjawiska lub kreować nowe koncepcje, które najprawdopodobniej staną się przedmiotem sporów, nawet wśród europeistów, a następnie odizolują studia europejskie od innych głównych nurtów badawczych w obszarze nauk politycznych, przede wszystkim od stosunków międzynarodowych i polityki porównawczej. Trudności tego typu utrwalą się w sytuacji, gdy znawcy tematu będą podtrzymywać swoje propozycje holistycznej koncepcji całościowo ogarniającej kompleksowość i z jej pomocą objaśniać polityki europejskie. Sugeruje zatem, by wyeliminować obecne konkurowanie między sobą mało ugruntowanych i kontrowersyjnych twierdzeń uogólniających i w obszarze studiów europejskich skorzystać z mnogości prostszych koncepcji lub teorii uzupełniających, z których każda ukaże specyficzną charakterystykę lub pewien fragment interakcji wielopoziomowych - a ten z kolei można dostosować do innych obszarów badawczych w naukach politycznych. W artykule przedstawiono cztery modele interakcji wielopoziomowej w polityce europejskiej: "wzajemne dostosowanie", "negocjacje międzypaństwowe", "współdecydowanie" i "ukierunkowanie hierarchiczne" oraz ukazano cechy tych modeli w odniesieniu do kryteriów zdolności rozwiązywania problemów, a także legitymizacji instytucjonalnej. (abstrakt oryginalny)

The complexity of the multi-level European polity is not adequately represented by the single-level theoretical concepts of competing "intergovernmentalist" and "supranationalist" approaches. By contrast, empirical research focusing on multilevel interactions tends either to emphasize the uniqueness of its objects, or to create novel concepts - which are likely to remain contested even among Euro- peanists and have the effect of isolating European studies from the political science mainstream in International Relations and Comparative Politics. These difficulties are bound to continue as long as researchers keep proposing holistic concepts that claim to represent the complex reality of the European polity as a whole. It is suggested that the present competition among poorly fitting and contested generalizations could be overcome if European studies made use of a plurality of simpler and complementary concepts, each of which is meant to rep- resent the specific characteristics of certain subsets of multi-level interactions - which could also be applied and tested in other fields of political-science research. The paper goes on to describe four distinct modes of multi-level interaction in the European polity - "mutual adjustment", "intergovernmental negotiations", "joint-decision making", and "hierarchical direction" - and to discuss their characteristics by reference to the criteria of problem-solving capacity and institutional legitimacy. (original abstract)
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Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu
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ISSN
1898-3529
Język
pol
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.7366/1898352943001
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