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Autor
Berbeka Jadwiga (Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Krakowie / Wydział Zarządzania)
Tytuł
Turystyka wolontariuszy na świecie - istota i znaczenie
Volunteer Tourism in the World - the Essence and the Importance
Źródło
Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego. Ekonomiczne Problemy Turystyki, 2012, nr 2(18), s. 137-147, tab.
Słowa kluczowe
Turystyka, Wolontariat
Tourism, Volunteering
Uwagi
summ.
Abstrakt
W Polsce organizacją wyjazdów wolontariuszy zajmują się między innymi Jeden Świat czy też Stowarzyszenie Promocji Wolontariatu. W roku 2007 pierwsza z wymienionych organizacji na obozy pracy (workcamps) wysłała 348 woluntariuszy. Większość z nich wyjechała do krajów europejskich, przede wszystkim zachodnich, ale 13 osób skierowano także na Ukrainę, jedną do Ugandy, dwie do Serbii, trzy do Rumunii, po jednej do Indii i Bośni oraz dwie do Armenii. W roku 2009 z Polski wyjechało 357 wolontariuszy. Organizowane są również długoterminowe wyjazdy do odległych krajów (Ameryka Południowa, Azja), na które wysyła się kilka osób rocznie. Na podstawie szacunków Association for Tourism and Leisure Education (ATLAS) w 2008 roku liczbę wolontariuszy na świecie oceniano na 1,6 miliona, estymując wartość wkładu ich środków fi nansowych i pracy na 1,7-2,6 mld USD.(fragment tekstu)

The aim of the paper is a presentation of the essence and a character of volunteer tourism in the world. The analysis is based on secondary sources, published mainly in foreign literature. The paper provides an overview of the rapidly growing volunteer tourism market, and analyses the motivations, behavior and travel patterns of volunteers and the activities of the organizations providing volunteer travel experiences. Most volunteer tourism involves a combination of travel and voluntary work. An increasing demand for volunteer experiences is being met by a growing number of volunteer service organizations. Over half of the organizations are non-profi t, but the number of commercial providers is rising rapidly. It is estimated that overall the market has grown to a total of 1.6 million volunteer tourists a year, with a value of between $ 1.7 bn-$ 2.6 bn. The most substantial growth in the sector has taken place since 1990. The main destinations for volunteers are: Latin America, Asia and Africa. Together these regions account for almost 90% of the locations offered by volunteer service organizations. This underlines the close link between levels of development and volunteering, with most fl ows of volunteers being from relatively rich to relatively poor regions. The general conclusion of the paper is that volunteer tourism could be an important factor of sustainable development of the reception areas in all three dimensions: economic, social and environmental.(original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego
Pełny tekst
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Bibliografia
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Cytowane przez
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ISSN
1640-6818
1644-0501
Język
pol
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