BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

BazEkon home page

Meny główne

Autor
Kacprzak Agnieszka (University of Warsaw, Poland)
Tytuł
Determinants of Vertical and Horizontal Gender Segregation in the Workplace in Poland
Determinanty pionowej i poziomej segregacji ze względu na płeć w miejscu pracy w Polsce
Źródło
Argumenta Oeconomica Cracoviensia, 2014, no 11, s. 63-80, tab., bibliogr. 41 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Dyskryminacja w zatrudnieniu, Uwarunkowania społeczno-kulturowe, Normy społeczne
Employment discrimination, Social and cultural condition, Social norms
Uwagi
summ., streszcz.
Abstrakt
Celem artykułu jest dokonanie analizy czynników wpływających na skalę segregacji zawodowej w wymiarze pionowym i poziomym w Polsce. Przedstawiono rezultaty badań jakościowych i ilościowych przeprowadzonych wśród polskich pracowników. Dane pochodzą z projektu badawczego poświęconego społecznej odpowiedzialności biznesu z perspektywy pracownika. Łącznie przeprowadzono 90 pogłębionych wywiadów indywidualnych (IDI) oraz 1000 wywiadów telefonicznych wspomaganych komputerowo (CATI) na reprezentatywnej próbie polskich pracowników. Analizie poddano grupę zmiennych związanych ze statusem społeczno-demograficznym respondenta, cechami jego organizacji i zinternalizowanymi normami i wartościami. Wyniki badań pokazują, że większość zaobserwowanych przypadków dyskryminacji jest spowodowana normami i wartościami kulturowymi polskiego społeczeństwa, które decydenci i pracownicy organizacji internalizują od wczesnych etapów procesu socjalizacji. (abstrakt oryginalny)

The aim of this article is to analyse factors influencing the level of horizontal and vertical occupational segregation in Poland. The results of qualitative and quantitative surveys conducted among Polish employees are investigated. The data are taken from a project on employee perspectives on corporate social responsibility. Ninety individual depth interviews (IDI) with participants from 22 sectors of the economy and 1000 computer-assisted telephone interviews (CATI) on a representative sample of Polish employees were carried out. A number of variables associated with respondents' socio-demographic status, the characteristics of respondents' organisations, and internalised values and norms, were analysed. The findings suggest that the vast majority of the observed examples of discrimination originate from the cultural values and norms of Polish society, which decision-makers and employees have internalised in the early stages of the socialisation process. (original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
Pełny tekst
Pokaż
Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. Acker, J. (2011) "Theorizing Gender, Race and Class in Organizations" in E. Jeanes, D. Knights and P. Martin (eds) Handbook of Gender, Work and Organization. Chichester: Wiley.
  2. Bettio, F. and Verashchagina, A. (2009) Gender Segregation in the Labour Market: Root Causes, Implications and Policy Responses in the EU. Luxembourg: European Commission's Expert Group on Gender and Employment.
  3. Biernat, M., Vescio, T. and Green, M. (1996) "Selective Self-stereotyping". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 71 (6): 1194-1209, http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.71.6.1194.
  4. Blau, F. D. and Devaro, J. E. D. (2007) "New Evidence on Gender Differences in Promotion Rates: An Empirical Analysis of a Sample of New Hires". Industrial Relations 46 (3): 511-50, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-232X.2007.00479.X.
  5. Cadinu, M. and Galdi, S. (2012) "Gender Differences in Implicit Gender Self-categorization Lead to Stronger Gender Self-stereotyping by Women than by Men". European Journal of Social Psychology 42: 546-51, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.1881.
  6. Carli, L. and Eagly, A. (1999) "Gender Effects on Social Influence and Emergent Leadership" in G. Powell (ed.) Handbook of Gender and Work. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.
  7. Czarnik, S. and Turek, K. (eds) (2012) Aktywność zawodowa Polaków. Praca zawodowa. Wykształcenie. Kompetencje [The economic activity of Poles. Professional work. Education. Skills]. Warsaw: Polish Agency for Enterprise Development.
  8. Denzin, N. K. (1978) Sociological Methods. A Sourcebook. New York: McGrew-Hill.
  9. Efthymiou, I., Vitsilakis, C. and Cakis, D. (2012) "Horizontal and Vertical Gender Segregation in the ICT Sector: A Greek Case Study". Journal of Critical Studies in Business and Society 3 (1): 77-111.
  10. Ely, R. (1995) "The Power in Demography: Women's Social Constructions of Gender Identity at Work". Academy of Management Journal 38 (3): 589-634, http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/256740.
  11. England, P. (2005) "Gender Inequality in Labor Markets: The Role of Motherhood and Segregation". Social Politics 12 (2): 264-88, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/sp/jxi014.
  12. Falkenberg, L. E. and Boland, L. (1997) "Eliminating the Barriers to Employment Equity in the Canadian Workplace". Journal of Business Ethics 16 (9): 963-75, http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1017995522325.
  13. Fiske, S. T., Cuddy, A. J. C., Glick, P. and Xu, J. (2002) "A Model of (Often Mixed) Stereotype Content: Competence and Warmth Respectively Follow from Perceived Status and Competition". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 82 (6): 878-902, http://dx.doi.org/10.1037//0022-3514.82.6.878.
  14. Giapponi, C. C. and McEvoy, S. A. (2005) "The Legal, Ethical, and Strategic Implications of Gender Discrimination in Compensation: Can the Fair Pay Act Succeed where the Equal Pay Act has Failed?". Journal of Individual Employment Rights 12 (2): 137-50, http://dx.doi.org/10.2190/8733-70w7-3576-6823.
  15. Guimond, S., Chatard, A., Martinot, D., Crisp, R. and Redersdorff, S. (2006) "Social Comparison, Self-stereotyping, and Gender Differences in Self-construals". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 90 (2): 221-42, http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.90.2.221.
  16. Hau Siu Chow, I. and Crawford, R. B. (2004) "Gender, Ethnic Diversity, and Career Advancement in the Workplace: The Social Identity Perspective". SAM Advanced Management Journal 69 (3): 22-31.
  17. Jick, T. D. (1979) "Mixing Qualitative and Quantitative Methods: Triangulation in Action". Administrative Science Quarterly 24: 602-11, http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2392366.
  18. Kane, E. W. and Sanchez, L. (1994) "Family Status and Criticism of Gender Inequality at Home and at Work". Social Forces 4: 1079, http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2580293.
  19. Kirchmeyer, C. (2002) "Gender Differences in Managerial Careers: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow". Journal of Business Ethics 37 (1): 5-24, http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1014721900246.
  20. Kurland, N. B. (2001) "The Impact of Legal Age Discrimination on Women in Professional Occupations". Business Ethics Quarterly 11 (2): 331, http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3857752.
  21. Langdon, D. and Klomegah, R. (2013) "Gender Wage Gap and Its Associated Factors: An Examination of Traditional Gender Ideology, Education, and Occupation". International Review of Modern Sociology 39 (2): 173-203.
  22. Latrofa, M., Vaes, J., Cadinu, M. and Carnaghi, A. (2010) "The Cognitive Representation of Self-stereotyping". Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 36 (7): 911-22, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167210373907.
  23. Lyness, K. S. and Heilman, M. E. (2006) "When Fit Is Fundamental: Performance Evaluations and Promotions of Upper-level Female and Male Managers". Journal of Applied Psychology 91 (4): 777-85, http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/6021-9010.91.4.777.
  24. Maas, V. and Torres-Gonzalez, R. (2011) "Subjective Performance Evaluation and Gender Discrimination". Journal of Business Ethics 101: 667-81, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/510551-011-0763-7.
  25. Manpower (2008) Kobiety na kierowniczych stanowiskach [Women in management positions]. Survey by Manpower Polska.
  26. Martin, J. (2011) "Does Gender Inequality Ever Disappear?" in E. Jeanes, D. Knights and P. Martin (eds) Handbook of Gender, Work and Organization. Chichester: Wiley.
  27. Neergaard, H., Hersby, M., Madsen, H., Ulhoi, J. and Madsen, M. (2008) "Revisiting the Think Manager-Think Male Syndrome in an Egalitarian Culture". Paper to the Academy of Management Conference, Anaheim, California.
  28. Ngo, H., Foley, S., Wong, A. and Loi, R. (2003) "Who Gets More of the Pie? Predictors of Perceived Gender Inequity at Work". Journal of Business Ethics 45 (3): 227-41, http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1024179524538.
  29. Powell, G. and Greenhaus, J. (2010) "Sex, Gender and the Work-to-Family Interface: Exploring Negative and Positive Interdependencies". Academy of Management Journal 53 (3): 513-34, http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/amj.2010.51468647.
  30. Sappleton, N. and Takruri-Rizk, H. (2008) "The Gender Subtext of Science, Engineering, and Technology (SET) Organizations: A Review and Critique". Women's Studies 37 (3): 284-316, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00497870801917242.
  31. Schein, V. E. (1973) "The Relationship between Sex Role Stereotypes and Requisite Management Characteristics". Journal of Applied Psychology 57 (2): 95-100, http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0037128.
  32. Schein, V. E. (1975) "Relationships between Sex Role Stereotypes and Requisite Management Characteristics among Female Managers". Journal of Applied Psychology 60 (3): 340-44, http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0076637.
  33. Schminke, M. (2001) "Considering the Business in Business Ethics: An Exploratory Study of the Influence of Organizational Size and Structure on Individual Ethical Predispositions". Journal of Business Ethics 30 (4): 375-90, http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1010793308837.
  34. Smith, N., Smith, V. and Verner, M. (2013) "Why Are So Few Females Promoted into CEO and Vice President Positions? Danish Empirical Evidence, 1997-2007". Industrial and Labor Relations Review 66 (2): 380-408.
  35. Tomlinson, J. (2011) "Gender Equality and the State: A Review of Objectives, Policies and Progress in the European Union". The International Journal of Human Resource Management 22 (8): 3755-74, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2011.622923.
  36. Turner, J., Hogg, M., Oakes, P., Reicher, S. and Wetherell, M. (1987) Rediscovering the Social Group: A Self-Categorization Theory. Cambridge: Basil Blackwell.
  37. Valentova, M., Krizova, I. and Katrnak, T. (2007) "Occupational Gender Segregation in the Light of the Segregation in Education: A Cross-national Comparison". IRISS Working Paper, Volume 2007-04.
  38. Weinberger, C. (2011) "In Search of the Glass Ceiling: Gender and Earnings Growth among US College Graduates in the 1990s". Industrial and Labor Relations Review 64 (5): 949-80.
  39. Witkowska, D. (2013) "Gender Disparities in the Labor Market in the EU". International Advances in Economic Research 19: 331-54, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11294-013-9431-2.
  40. Hausmann, R., Tyson, L. and Zahidi, S. (eds) (2012) "The Global Gender Gap Report". Geneva: World Economic Forum.
  41. Yap, M. and Konrad, A. M. (2009) "Gender and Racial Differentials in Promotions: Is There a Sticky Floor, a Mid-level Bottleneck, or a Glass Ceiling?" Industrial Relations 64 (4): 593-619, http://dx.doi.org/10.7202/038875ar.
Cytowane przez
Pokaż
ISSN
1642-168X
Język
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.15678/AOC.2014.1105
Udostępnij na Facebooku Udostępnij na Twitterze Udostępnij na Google+ Udostępnij na Pinterest Udostępnij na LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu