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Autor
Sorensen Tony (University of New England, Australia)
Tytuł
Local Development under Uncertainty : Australia's Rural Experience
Źródło
Studia Obszarów Wiejskich, 2009, t. 20, 7-25, wykr., bibliogr. 23 poz.
Rural Studies
Słowa kluczowe
Rozwój lokalny, Rozwój regionalny, Obszary wiejskie
Local development, Regional development, Rural areas
Uwagi
summ.
Kraj/Region
Australia
Australia
Abstrakt
Rural Australia's well-being is largely reliant on primary industries operating in increasingly uncertain and risky economic, social and physical environments. Unlike much of the world, the primary sector and its dependent rural communities operate on market principles and receive little in the way of government support. Both mining and agriculture are also strongly export oriented, which adds to uncertainty through fluctuating exchange rates and commodity prices - the latter being distorted by widespread producer subsidies. In Australia's case, producers face the added risks of large fluctuations in seasonal conditions and rapid technological expansion in often remote and sparsely settled locations. Such conditions lead to the rapid transformation of rural society in often unexpected and certainly uncontrolled ways, yet for the most part rural regions are innovative and prosperous. The keys to prosperity, and the stable adaptation accompanying it, are four-fold. First, the absence of significant public support for agriculture, mining and rural settlements has encouraged commercial mindsets among rural residents attuned to a market economy. That, secondly, has made a virtue of an innovative culture focused on the rapid transfer among commodity producers of intensive research and development. Market economies also reward individual and self-reliant behaviours which abound in rural Australia. Finally, government policies have sought to reward innovation and investment rather than retain the status quo. The outcome is not only prosperity, but huge adaptive capacity which is beneficially rewriting the geography of rural communities and exposing flaws in Richard Florida's metrocentric views of the creative society.(original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej w Warszawie
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu
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Bibliografia
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  1. ABARE, 2008, Australian Commodity Statistics, Australian Bureau of Agriculture and Resource Economics.
  2. ABARE, 2009a, Australian Commodities, 16 (1), Australian Bureau of Agriculture and Resource Economics.
  3. ABARE, 2009b, Australian Farm Survey Results, 2006-07 to 2008-09, Australian Bureau of Agriculture and Resource Economics.
  4. ABS, 2008, Australian Yearbook, Australian Bureau of Statistics, cat. 1301.0. Hubbard D., 2007, How to measure anything: finding the value of intangibles in business, John Wile & Sons, London.
  5. Florida R., 2002, The rise of the creative class, Perseus, New York. Foucault M" 1978/1991, Governmentality, [in:] G. Burchall, C. Gordon, P. Miller (eds.), The Foucault Effect: studies in governmentality, ch. 4, Harvester Press, London.
  6. Hear field C., Sorensen A., 2009, Regional economic governance: a technology of government or regional autonomy in New South Wales?, Space and Polity, 13 (2), 93-107. Heisenberg W., 1930, The physical principles of quantum theory, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  7. Hindle S., 2000, The state and social change in early modern England c. 1550-1640, St. Martin's Press, New York.
  8. Martin P.,KingJ.,Puangsumalee P., Tulloch C., T read we 11 R., 2005, Farm financial performance 2002-03 to 2004-05, Australian Commodities March Quarter, 12 (1), 180-99.
  9. Motluk A., 2009, Eight ways to boost your productivity, New Scientist, 2707 (May 9), 32-34.
  10. Mullen J., O r r L., 2007, R&D: A good investment for Australian agriculture. Presidential Address to the 51" annual conference of Australian Agricultural Resource Economics Society, Queenstown, NZ.
  11. Nietzsche F., 1885, Also sprach Zarathustra, Ernst Schmeitzner, Chemnitz.
  12. Productivity Commission, 2005, Trends in Australian agriculture, Productivity Commission Research Paper, Canberra.
  13. Richerson P., Boyd R., 2005, Not by genes alone: how culture transformed human evolution, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  14. Rittel H., Webber M., 1973, Dilemmas in a General Theory of Planning, Policy Sciences, 4, 155-169.
  15. Schrodinger E., 1980, The present situation in quantum mechanics: a translation of Schrddinger's cat paradox paper, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 124, 323-38 (the original article appeared in 1935 in Naturwissenschaft).
  16. Schumpeter J., 1942, Capitalism socialism and democracy. Harper & Row, New York.
  17. Sorensen A., 1990, Virtuous cycles of growth and vicious cycles of decline: regional economic change in Northern NSW, [in:] D. Walmsley (ed.), Change and adjustment in Northern NSW, Department of Ceography and Planning, University of New England, Armidale.
  18. Sorensen A., 2002, Regional economic governance: states, markets and DIY, [in:] S. Bell (ed.), Economic Governance and Institutional Dynamics, Oxford University Press, 262-285.
  19. Sorensen A., Epps R., 2005, From Thucydides to Florida: stable adaptation, social depth, and the seamless generation of unforeseen futures, [in:] A. Hodgkinson (ed.), The Regional Development Cocktail - shaken not stirred, Refereed Proceedings of the ANZRSAI Inc 28th Annual Conference, Wollongong, 229-248.
  20. Sorensen A., Marshall N., Dollery B., 2007, Changing governance of Australian regional development: systems and effectiveness, Space and Polity, 11 (3), 297-315.
  21. Sorensen A., 2009a, Australian agricultural R&D and innovation systems, Paper presented to the Tinbergen Institute, Free University of Amsterdam, June.
  22. Sorensen A., 2009b, Creativity in rural development: an Australian response to Florida (or a view from the fringe), International Journal of Foresight and Innovation Policy, 5 (1/2/3), 24-43.
  23. Sorensen A.,2009c, The Psychology of Regional Development, paper presented to 21st Conference of the Pacific Regional Science Conference Organisation, Surfers Paradise, July.
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ISSN
1642-4689
Język
eng
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