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Goczek Łukasz (University of Warsaw)
Corruption and Social Norms
Ekonomia / Uniwersytet Warszawski, 2009, nr 24, s. 22-38, rys., bibliogr. s. 37-38
Słowa kluczowe
Biurokracja rządowa, Korupcja, Teoria gier, Normy społeczne
Government bureaucracy, Corruption, Game theory, Social norms
The paper investigates the effect of an exogenous social norm of administrative corruption on the incentives to be corrupt for bureaucrats that participate in the non-cooperative principal-agent game. This setting leads to many density dependent effects: i.e., critical population thresholds, which separate equilibriums with low levels of corruption from equilibriums with high levels of corruption. In order to counter the problem of multiple equilibriums evolutionary game theory is employed into the analysis. This means that people are no longer assumed able to be perfectly rational. Rather, they adopt strategies on the basis of trial and error, adapting their behavior on the basis of its 'success' with the result that they gravitate towards the relatively most successful type of behavior. As a result, we characterize the emergence of an equilibrium behavioral pattern within the population of bureaucrats as a social convention arising under the assumption that they tend to imitate relatively more rewarding behaviors. (original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
Pełny tekst
  1. Andvig, J. (2006), "Corruption and fast change", World Development, vol. 34, No.2. p. 328-340.
  2. Andvig, J., O. Fjeldstad, and I. Amundsen (2001), "Research on corruption. A policy oriented survey", NORAD Report.
  3. Battalio, R., Samuelson, L. and van Huyck, J. (2001), "Optimization incentives and coordination failure in laboratory stag hunt games", Econometrica, 69, 3, 749-764
  4. Besley, T. and McLaren, J. (1993). "Taxes and bribery: the role of wage incentives", Economic Journal, vol. 103, pp. 119-41.
  5. Eskeland, G. and H. Thiele (1999). "Corruption under moral hazard", World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, No. 2204, October.
  6. Flatters, Frank and MacLeod, W. Bentley (1995). "Administrative Corruption andTaxation", 2 International Tax and Public Finance, 397-417.
  7. Goczek, Ł. (2006a). "Causes of Post-Communist Corruption: an Empirical Study", Paper presented at the WISER 2006 Economic Meeting.
  8. Goczek, Ł. (2006b). "Modele teoretyczne korupcji zak³adaj¹ce dobr¹ wolê zwierzchnika lub rz¹du", XIV Konferencja Wydzia³owa w Cedzynie ko³o Kielc.
  9. Goczek, Ł. (2007a). "Skutecznoœæ strategii antykorupcyjnych i przyczyny korupcji: przegl¹d literatury empirycznej", Gospodarka Narodowa, No. 4/2007.
  10. Goczek, Ł. (2007b), "Corruption as Evolutionary Stable Strategy", paper presented at 16th Journal of Political Economy Workshop in Political Economy, Silvaplana, Switzerland.
  11. Huntington, S. (1968), "Modernization and Corruption."Political Order in Changing Societies, (New Haven: Yale University Press), 59-71. Reprinted in A. Heidenheimer, M. Johnston and V. LeVine, Political Corruption-A Handbook, (New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers), 1989, 377-388.
  12. Kofman, F. and Lawarree, J. (1996). "On the optimality of allowing collusion", Journal of Public Economics, vol. 61, pp. 383-407.
  13. Mookherjee, B. and Png, I. P. L. (1995). "Corruptible law enforcers: how should they be compensated?", Economic Journal, vol. 105, pp. 145-59.
  14. Prendergast, C. (1999). "Investigating Corruption", Policy research working paper 2500, World Bank Development Research Group Public Economics.
  15. Prendergast, C. (2003). "The Limits of Bureaucratic Efficiency", Journal of Political Economy, 111(5), pp. 929-958.
  16. Tirole, J. (1986). "Hierarchies and Bureaucracies: on the Role of Collusion in Organisations", Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, vol. 2, pp. 181-214.
  17. Tirole, J. (1992). "Collusion and the Theory of Organization", in (J. J. Laffont, ed.), Advances in Economic Theory, Sixth World Congress Vol. 2, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  18. Tirole, J. (1996). "A Theory of Collective Reputations (with Applications to the Persistence of Corruption and to Firm Quality)",Review of Economic Studies, vol. 63, pp. 1-22.
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