BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

BazEkon home page

Meny główne

Autor
Węziak-Białowolska Dorota (European Commission - Joint Research Centre)
Tytuł
Poverty in the Regions of the European Union - Measurement with a Composite Indicator
Źródło
Contemporary Economics, 2015, vol. 9, nr 2, s. 113-154, rys., tab., bibliogr. 44 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Wskaźniki ubóstwa, Ubóstwo, Klasyfikacja NUTS
Poverty indicators, Poverty, Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS)
Uwagi
summ.
Firma/Organizacja
Unia Europejska (UE)
European Union (EU)
Abstrakt
We measure area-specific human poverty in the European Union (EU) at the second level of the nomenclature of territorial units for statistics (NUTS 2). We construct a regional human poverty index (RHPI), which comprises four dimensions: social exclusion, knowledge, a decent standard of living, and a long and healthy life. The RHPI provides information regarding the relative standing of a given country with respect to its level of poverty and shows the variability of poverty within a country with respect to NUTS 2. The RHPI shows satisfactory statistical coherence, confirmed by the results of correlation analysis and a principal component analysis. As confirmed by an uncertainty analysis, the RHPI also shows satisfactory robustness to the normative assumptions made during the construction process. The RHPI is computed for all NUTS 2 regions in 28 EU countries. Our results show that the poverty scale differs considerably among EU countries, with RHPI scores ranging between 9.23 for Prague and more than 65 for Bulgarian Yugoiztochen and Severozapaden. We also find that substantial differences in levels of poverty between regions are present in all EU countries. The only exceptions to this finding are small EU countries where neither NUTS 1 nor NUTS 2 regions exist.(original abstract)
Pełny tekst
Pokaż
Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. Alkire, S., & Santos, M. E. (2013). A Multidimensional Approach: Poverty Measurement & Beyond. Social Indicators Research, 112 (2), 239-257.
  2. Anand, S., & Sen, A. (1997). Concepts of Human Development and Poverty: A Multidimensional Perspective. In Poverty and Human Development: Human Development Papers (pp. 1-20). New York, NY: United Nations Development Programme.
  3. Annoni, P., & Dijkstra, L. (2013). EU Regional Competitiveness Index RCI 2013 (Report EUR 26060). European Commission. Joint Research Center. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/ sources/docgener/studies/pdf/6th_report/ rci_2013_report_final.pdf.
  4. Athanasoglou, S., & Dijkstra, L. (2014). The Europe 2020 Regional Index (Report EUR 26713). European Commission. Joint Research Center. Retrieved from https://infoeuropa.eurocid.pt/files/ database/000061001-000062000/000061431.pdf.
  5. Becker, S. O., Egger, P., & von Ehrlich, M. (2010). Going NUTS: The effect of EU Structural Funds on regional performance. Journal of Public Economics, 94 (9-10), 578-590.
  6. Białowolski, P. (2014). Concepts of Confidence in Tendency Survey Research: An Assessment with Multi-group Confirmatory Factor Analysis. Social Indicators Research. doi:10.1007/s11205-014-0736-1.
  7. Białowolski, P., & Węziak-Białowolska, D. (2014). The Index of Household Financial Condition, Combining Subjective and Objective Indicators: An Appraisal of Italian Households. Social Indicators Research, 118 (1), doi:10.1007/s11205-013-0401-0 .
  8. Bourguignon, F., & Chakravarty, S. R. (2003). The measurement of multidimensional poverty. Journal of Economic Inequality, 1 (1), 25-49.
  9. Bubbico, R., & Dijkstra, L. (2011). The European regional Human Development and Human Poverty Indices (Regional Focus No. 02). Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/doc-gener/focus/2011_02_hdev_hpov_indices.pdf.
  10. Callander, E., Schofield, D., & Shrestha, R. (2012). Towards a holistic understanding of poverty: A new multidimensional measure of poverty for Australia. Health Society Review, 21 (2), 141-155.
  11. Decancq, K., & Lugo, M. A. (2013). Weights in Multidimensional Indices of Wellbeing: An Overview. Econometric Reviews, 32 (1), 7-34.
  12. Dini, A., & Lippit, V. (2009). Poverty, from Orthodox to Heterodox Approaches: a Methodological Comparison Survey (Working Paper). University of California.
  13. Dybczyński, R. (1980). Comparison of the effectiveness of various procedures for the rejection of outlying results and assigning consensus values in interlaboratory programs involving determination of trace elements or radionuclides. Analytica Chimica Acta, 117 (6), 53-70.
  14. Eurostat. (2013). At risk of poverty or social exclusion in the EU28 (STAT/13/184). Retrieved from http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_STAT-13- 184_en.htm.
  15. Foster, J. E. (1998). Absolute versus relative poverty. The American Economic Review, 88 (2), 335-341.
  16. Foster, J., Greer, J., & Thorbecke, E. (1984). A class of decomposable poverty measures. Econometrica, 52 (3), 761-765.
  17. Foster, J., Greer, J., & Thorbecke, E. (2010). The Foster-Greer-Thorbecke (FGT) poverty measures: 25 years later. The Journal of Economic Inequality, 8 (4), 491-524.
  18. Gordon, D. (2006). The concept and measurement of poverty. In C. Pantazis, D. Gordon, & R. Levitas (Eds.), Poverty and social exclusion in Britain (pp. 29-69). Bristol, UK: The Policy Press.
  19. Hagenaars, A., & de Vos, K. (1988). The Definition and Measurement of Poverty. The Journal of Human Resources, 23 (2), 211-221.
  20. Hutto, N., Waldfogel, J., Kaushal, N., & Garfinkel, I. (2011). Improving the Measurement of Poverty. Social Service Review, 85 (1), 39-74.
  21. Jolliffe, D. (2006). Poverty, prices, and place: how sensitive is the spatial distribution of poverty to cost of living adjustments? Economic Inquiry, 44 (2), 296-310.
  22. Kemeny, T., & Storper, M. (2012). The sources of urban development: wages, housing and amenity gaps across american cities. Journal of Regional Science, 52 (1), 85-108.
  23. Klugman, J., Rodríguez, F., & Choi, H. (2011). The HDI 2010: New Controversies, Old Critiques (Research Paper No. 2011/01). United Nations Development Programme.
  24. Lok-Dessallien, R. (2000). Review of Poverty Concepts and Indicators. UNDP Social Development and Poverty Elimination Division (SEPED). Series on Poverty Reduction. Retrieved from http:// mirror.unpad.ac.id/orari/library/library-ref-ind/ ref-ind-1/application/poverty-reduction/Poverty/ Review_of_Poverty_Concepts.pdf.
  25. McNamara, J., Tanton, R., & Phillips, B. (2006). The regional impact of housing costs and assistance on financial disadvantage (Positioning Paper No. 90). Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute. Retrieved from http://www.ahuri.edu.au/publications/download.asp?ContentID=ahuri_30295_ pp&redirect=true.
  26. Miranti, R., McNamara, J., Tanton, R., & Harding, A. (2011). Poverty at the Local Level: National and Small Area Poverty Estimates by Family Type for Australia in 2006. Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy, 4 (3), 145-171.
  27. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (2008). Handbook on Constructing Composite Indicators. Methodology and User guide. Paris, France. Retrieved from http://www.oecd. org/std/42495745.pdf.
  28. Paruolo, P., Saisana, M., & Saltelli, A. (2013). Ratings and rankings: voodoo or science? Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), 176 (3), 609-634.
  29. Pittau, M. G., Zelli, R., & Massari, R. (2011). Do Spatial Price Indices Reshuffle the Italian Income Distribution? Modern Economy, 2, 259-265.
  30. Rubin, D. B. (1987). Multiple imputation for non response in surveys. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.
  31. Ruiz, N. (2011). Measuring the joint distribution of income, consumption and wealth using nested Atkinson measures (Working Paper No. 40). Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.
  32. Saisana, M., Saltelli, A., & Tarantola, S. (2005). Uncertainty and Sensitivity analysis techniques as tools for the quality assessment of composite indicators. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society - A, 168 (2), 307-323.
  33. Saltelli, A., Ratto, M., Andres, T., et al., (2008). Global Sensitivity Analysis - The Primer. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  34. Saunders, P. (2005). The Poverty Wars: Reconnecting Research with Reality. Sydney: UNSW Press.
  35. Schafer, J. L. (1997). Analysis of incomplete multivariate data. London, UK: Chapman & Hall.
  36. Stewart, F., Ruggeri Laderchi, C., & Saith, R. (2007). Introduction: Four Approaches to Defining and Measuring Poverty. In F. Stewart, R. Saith, & B. Harriss-White (Eds.), Defining Poverty in the Developing World (pp. 1-35) Basingstoke, UK: Pal-grave Macmillan.
  37. Tanton, R., Harding, A., & Mcnamara, J. (2010). Urban and Rural Estimates of Poverty: Recent Advances in Spatial Microsimulation in Australia. Geographical Research, 48 (1), 52-64.
  38. United Nations Development Programme. (2007). Human Development Report 2007/2008. Fighting climate change: Human solidarity in a divided world. Retrieved from http://hdr.undp.org/sites/ default/files/reports/268/hdr_20072008_en_com-plete.pdf.
  39. United Nations Development Programme. (2013). Human Development Report 2013. The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Retrieved http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/ reports/14/hdr2013_en_complete.pdf.
  40. Velasco, F., & Verma, S. P. (1998). Importance of Skewness and Kurtosis Statistical Tests for Outlier Detection and Elimination in Evaluation of Geochemical Reference Materials. Mathematical Geology, 30 (1), 109-128.
  41. Wagle, U. (2008). Multidimensional Poverty Measurement. Concepts and Applications. New York, NY: Springer.
  42. Węziak-Białowolska, D. (2014). Spatial Variation in EU Poverty with Respect to Health, Education and Living Standards. Social Indicators Research. doi:10.1007/s11205-014-0848-7.
  43. Whelan, C. T., Nolan, B., & Maître, B. (2014). Multidimensional poverty measurement in Europe: An application of the adjusted headcount approach. Journal of European Social Policy, 24, 183-197.
  44. Ziliak, J. P. (2010). Alternative poverty measures and the geographic distribution of poverty in the United States. A Report prepared for the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved from http://www.irp.wisc.edu/research/ povmeas/UKCPR_PovertyReport_April2010.pdf.
Cytowane przez
Pokaż
ISSN
2084-0845
Język
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/ce.1897-9254.163
Udostępnij na Facebooku Udostępnij na Twitterze Udostępnij na Google+ Udostępnij na Pinterest Udostępnij na LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu