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Kerschen Nicole (University Paris Ouest, Paris, France)
What Do We Mean by "Individualisation of Social Rights"?
Polityka Społeczna, 2010, nr 1 (ang), s. 3-4, bibliogr. 9 poz.
Tytuł własny numeru
Individualisation of Social Rights Social Rights : Individual or Derived?
Słowa kluczowe
Prawa obywatelskie, Państwo opiekuńcze, Modele polityki społecznej
Civil Rights, Welfare state, Models of social policy
Unia Europejska (UE)
European Union (EU)
Individualisation of social rights is a process of transformation of the Welfare State, which aims to guarantee social rights to the individual. There are at least two different ways for an individual to get access to social rights: through work or through social citizenship. We have to consider first Welfare States, which are founded on the traditional model of the worker and his family. Individualisation of social rights means equal access to the labor market for women and men and, through work, access to social rights for all insured workers. As a consequence, derived rights, linked to family relationship, granted to the spouse/partner not involved in employment, might be abolished. Emancipation from the family, as an institution, is here at stake. We also need to consider Welfare States, which rely on work irrelevant if they are founded on the traditional model of the worker and his family or on a more equal model between women and men. Individualisation of social rights means, in this case, disconnection between social security and employment. Social rights are granted to each individual as a citizen independent from labor market position. Recognition of social citizenship for each individual, including children, is at stake. Both processes are different and the results are not exactly the same. The first process may be interpreted as an adaptation of the Welfare State to the changing of social mores, while the second process means a revolution in the nature of the Welfare State. (fragment of text)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej w Warszawie
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu
Pełny tekst
  1. Barry N. (1990), Welfare. Concepts in the social sciences, Open University Press.
  2. Beveridge Report (1942), Social insurance and allied services. Report presented to Parliament by command of his Majesty, New York, Agathon Press 1969.
  3. European Commission (1997), Communication on Modernizing and improving social protection in the European Union, 12 March, COM (97) 102.
  4. Esping -Andersen G. (1990), The three worlds of welfare capitalism, Polity Press.
  5. Ginsburg N. (1992), Divisions of Welfare. A critical introduction to comparative social policy, SAGE.
  6. Kerschen N. (1997), Individualizing rights and maintaining solidarity, in Bulletin Luxembourgeois des questions sociales (BLQS) on Modernizing and improving social protection in Europe, conference organized by the Luxembourg Presidency of the European Union, Mondorf 10 to 12 November, Volume 4, pp. 103-116.
  7. Kerschen N. (2005), Towards Individualisation of social rights in a European perspective, Special Issue of the Polish Monthly Journal on "Social Policy" The Future of Social Security System. Poland Compared to Europe, Warsaw December, s. 33-38.
  8. Marshall T.H. (2000), Citizenship and social class, in Ch. Pierson and F.G. Castles (ed.), The Welfare State Reader, Polity p. 32. This article has first been published in 1950. See also: ticles/1 -intro/Marshall -Citizenship%20and%20Social%20Class.pdf.
  9. Pateman C. (2000), The patriarchal Welfare State, in Ch. Pierson and F.G. Castles (ed.), The Welfare State Reader, Polity, p. 133. Extracts from Carole Pateman (1989), The disorder of women, Polity Press.
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