BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

BazEkon home page

Meny główne

Autor
Lis Edyta
Tytuł
Kodyfikacja odpowiedzialności organizacji międzynarodowych
Codification of the Responsibility of International Organizations
Źródło
Studia Iuridica Lublinensia, 2014, t. 21, s. 83-104
Słowa kluczowe
Organizacje międzynarodowe, Odpowiedzialność, Prawo międzynarodowe
International organisations, Responsibility, International law
Uwagi
summ.
Abstrakt
W artykule omówiono genezę kodyfikacji odpowiedzialności organizacji międzynarodowych oraz kodyfikacje prywatne ich odpowiedzialności. Następnie przedstawiono charakterystykę prac Komisji Prawa Międzynarodowego (KPM) nad zagadnieniem odpowiedzialności organizacji międzynarodowych oraz krytyczne uwagi zgłaszane do artykułów KPM.

The aim of this study was to present private and official codifications concerning the topic of responsibility of international organizations. Moreover, it highlighted some controversial issues which occurred during the work of International Law Commission (ILC). The topic of responsibility of international organizations was analyzed both by private bodies such as Institute de Droit International and International Law Association and - as mentioned above - ILC. The efforts of Institute de Droit International resulted in a resolution on The Legal Consequences for Member States of the Non-fulfilment by International Organizations of their Obligations toward Third Parties. While in 1996 International Law Association studied these topics, a Committee on the Accountability of International Organizations was established. These private drafts paid attention of ILC to some legal issues which helped ILC to identify problems which require further discussion. After completion of its work on State responsibility in 2001, ILC decided to include the topic Responsibility of International Organizations in its work program. Mr G. Gaja was appointed the Special Rapporteur and in years 2003-2011 he presented eight reports which took into account the comments and observations received from governments and international organizations. In his reports he largely followed the model of Articles on State Responsibility for Internationally Wrongful Acts. In 2011 the Commission adopted the draft of 67 articles on Responsibility of International Organizations, divided into six parts. The Draft Articles aimed at codification of a set of secondary rules applicable to a wide range of international organizations. The codifications of rules on the responsibility of international organizations was a very difficult task due to diversity of international organizations, which differ in size, functions and competence. Furthermore, there is a lack of relevant practice that would allow to elaborate the principles relating to responsibility of international organizations. Nonetheless, the responsibility for international wrongful acts is the most important institution of international law irrespective of the subject which committed a wrongful act.(original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
Pełny tekst
Pokaż
Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. A. Nollkaemper, Constitutionalization and the Unity of the Law of International Responsibility, Amsterdam Center for International Law [ACIL], Working Paper 2009, University of Amsterdam, tekst dostępny na: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1338651, s. 2.
  2. C. Eagleton, International Organization and the Law of Responsibility, "Recueil des Cours" 1950 - I, s. 324.
  3. D. Bodansky and J. R. Crook, Symposium: The ILC`s State Responsibility Articles. Introduction and Overview, "American Journal of International Law" 2002, vol. 96, No. 4, s. 776.
  4. L. Ehrlich, Prawo narodów, Kraków 1948, s. 552.
  5. A. Pellet, The Definition of Responsibility in International Law, [w:] The Law of International Responsibility, ed. J. Crawford, A. Pellet, S. Olleson, Oxford 2010, s. 6.
  6. J. Crawford, The System of International Responsibility, [w:] The Law of International Responsibility, ed. J. Crawford, A. Pellet, S. Olleson, Oxford 2010, s. 17-18;
  7. W. Czapliński, Odpowiedzialność państwa członkowskiego za akty organizacji międzynarodowej, "Ruch Prawniczy, Ekonomiczny i Socjologiczny" 2006, z. 2, s. 105-106, 108;
  8. J. d`Aspremont, Abuse of the Legal Personality of International Organizations and the Responsibility of Member States, "International Organizations Law Review" 2007, vol. 4, s. 93-94.
  9. M. Zwanenburg, Accountability of Peace Support Operations, International Humanitarian Law Series, The Netherlands 2005, s. 53.
  10. A. Pellet, International Organizations are Definitely not States. Cursory Remarks on the ILC Articles on the Responsibility of International Organizations, [w:] Responsibility of International Organizations: Essays in Memory of Sir Ian Brownlie, ed. M. Ragazzi, Leiden, The Netherlands 2013, s. 42-43.
  11. M. Hirsch, The Responsibility of International Organizations Toward Third Parties: Some Basic Principles, The Netherlands 1995, s. 9.
  12. E. Suzuki, S. Nanwani, Responsibility of International Organizations: the Accountability Mechanisms of Multilateral Development Banks, "Michigan Journal of International Law" 2005, vol. 27, s. 180;
  13. J. Crawford, Holding International Organizations and their Members to Account, Fifth Steinkraus-Cohen International Law Lecture, 15 March 2007, School of Oriental and African Studies, pkt 1, s. 1; tekst dostępny na: www.law.cam.ac.uk/faculty-resources/10004135.pdf .
  14. J. Wouters, J. Odermatt, Are All International Organizations Created Equal? Reflections on the ILC`s Draft Articles of the Responsibility of International Organizations, Leuven Center for Global Governance Studies, Global Governance Opinions, March 2012, s. 2-4.
  15. M. Mőldner, Responsibility of International Organizations - Introducing the ILC`s DARIO, "Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law" 2012, vol. 16, s. 286.
  16. W. Czapliński, Kodyfikacja prawa o odpowiedzialności międzynarodowej państw, "Studia Prawnicze" 2002, z. 4 (154), s. 52.
  17. P. Šturma, Drawing Line Between the Responsibility of an International Organization and its Member States under International Law, "Czech Yearbook of Public & Private International Law" 2011, vol. 2, s. 4.
  18. J. d`Aspremont, The Articles on Responsibility of International Organizations: Magnifying the Fissures in the Law of International Responsibility, SHARES Research Paper No. 2012-13, ACIL, s. 3; tekst dostępny na: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2163427;
  19. Ch. Ahlborn, The Rules of International Organizations and the Law of International Responsibility, SHARES Research Paper 02 (2011), ACIL 2011-03, tekst dostępny na: http://www.sharesproject.nl/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/SHARES-RP-02-final.pdf, s. 3;
  20. A. N. Pronto, Reflection on the Scope of Application of the Articles on the Responsibility of International Organizations, [w:] Responsibility of International Organizations: Essays in Memory of Sir Ian Brownlie, ed. M. Ragazzi, Leiden, The Netherlands 2013, s. 147-148. 61 J.
  21. E. Alvarez, Memo: ILC's Draft Articles on Responsibility of International Organizations (IOs) to Advisory Committee, Meeting of June 21, 2010, s. 1; tekst dostepny na: http://www.law.nyu.edu/ecm_dlv3/groups/public/@nyu_law_website__faculty__faculty_profiles__jalvarez/documents/documents/ecm_pro_066900.pdf.
  22. C. F. Amerasinghe, An Assessment of the ILC Articles on the Responsibility of International Organizations, [w:] Responsibility of International Organizations: Essays in Memory of Sir Ian Brownlie, ed. M. Ragazzi, Leiden, The Netherlands 2013, s. 78.
  23. Ch. Alborn, International Organizations: Accountability or Responsibility?, Canadian Council of International Law, 35th Annual Conference on Responsibility of Individuals, States and Organizations, tekst dostępny na: http://www.asil.org/aboutasil/documents/CCILspeech061102.pdf, s. 2.
  24. K. E. Boon, New Directions in Responsibility: Assessing the International Law Commission᾽s Draft Articles on the Responsibility of International Organizations, "The Yale Journal of International Law Online" 2011, vol. 37, s. 8.
  25. K. E. Boon, The Law of Responsibility: A Response to Fragmentations? "Global Business & Development Law Journal" 2012, vol. 25, s. 395-407; tekst dostępny na: http://www.mcgeorge.edu/Documents/Conferences/GlobeJune2012_TheLawofResponsibility.pdf.
  26. N. Blokker, R. A. Wessel, Introduction: First Views at the Articles on The Responsibility of International Organizations, "International Organizations Law Review" 2012, vol. 9, s. 3;
  27. W. Czapliński, International Responsibility of International Organizations - An Outline, "Polish Yearbook of International Law" 2004-2005, vol. XVII, s. 49.
  28. H. L. A. Hart, Pojęcie prawa, Warszawa 1998, s. 116-117, 130-137;
  29. K. C. Wellens, Diversity in Secondary Rules and the Unity of International Law: Some Reflections on Current Trends, "Netherlands Yearbook of International Law" 1994, vol. 25, s. 7 i n.;
  30. S. Rossene, The International Law Commissions's Articles on State Responsibility, Part 1, Articles 1-35, The Netherlands 1991, s. 27;
  31. J. Crawford, Multilateral Rights and Obligations in International Law, "Recueil des Cours" 2006, s. 456-458.
  32. C. F. Amerasinghe, Principles of the Institutional Law of International Organizations, Cambridge 2005, s. 400-401.
  33. P. Bodeau-Livinec, G. P. Buzzini, S. Villalpando, Agim Behrami & Bekir Behrami v. France; Ruzhdi Saramati v. France, Germany & Norway. Joined App. Nos. 71412/01 & 78166/01, "American Journal of International Law" 2008, vol. 102, no. 2, s. 323-331;
  34. S. Farrior, Introductory Note to Behramii and Behrami v. France and Saramati v. France, Germany and Norway, European Court of Human Rights, Grand Chamber, "International Legal Materials" 2007, vol. 46, no. 4, s. 743-745.
  35. K. E. Boon, Regime Conflicts and the U.N. Security Council: Applying the Law of Responsibility, "The George Washington International Law Review" 2010, vol. 42, s. 792.
  36. K. E. Boon, The Role of Lex Specialis in the Articles on the Responsibility of International Organizations, [w:] Responsibility of International Organizations: Essays in Memory of Sir Ian Brownlie, ed. M. Ragazzi, Leiden, The Netherlands 2013, s. 136.
  37. S. Talmon, Responsibility of International Organizations: Does the European Community Require Special Treatment, [w:] International Responsibility Today: Essays in Memory of Oscar Sachter, ed. M. Ragazzi, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers 2005, s. 406-407;
  38. J. d' Aspremont, A European Law of International Responsibility? The Articles on the Responsibility of International Organizations and the European Union, SHARES Research Paper 22 (201), ACIL 2013-04; tekst dostępny na: http://www.sharesproject.nl/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/SHARES-RP-22-final.pdf, s. 2.
  39. F. Hoffmeister, Litigating against the European Union and Its Member States - Who Responds under the ILC`s Draft Articles on International Responsibility of International Organizations?, "European Journal of International Law" 2010, vol. 21, No. 3, s. 728.
Cytowane przez
Pokaż
ISSN
1731-6375
Język
pol
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.17951/sil.2014.21.0.83
Udostępnij na Facebooku Udostępnij na Twitterze Udostępnij na Google+ Udostępnij na Pinterest Udostępnij na LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu