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Autor
Lis Edyta
Tytuł
Geneza środków solidarnościowych w prawie międzynarodowym
Genesis of Solidarity Measures in International Law
Źródło
Studia Iuridica Lublinensia, 2013, t. 20, s. 83-100
Słowa kluczowe
Ekonomia solidarności, Społeczeństwo globalne, Prawo międzynarodowe
Solidarity economy, Global society, International law
Uwagi
summ.
Abstrakt
Celem artykułu jest przedstawienie genezy koncepcji środków solidarnościowych w prawie międzynarodowym. Ściśle wiążą się z nią koncepcje: solidarności, interesu, społeczności międzynarodowej, norm ius cogens, zobowiązań erga omnes, zbrodni międzynarodowych. Każda z nich koncentruje się bowiem na wspólnych, zasadniczych wartościach istotnych dla całej społeczności międzynarodowej, a ich rozwój stanowi istotny wkład w kształtowanie się międzynarodowego porządku prawnego. Koncepcje te wyraźnie odchodzą od tradycyjnego ujmowania stosunków międzypaństwowych jako stosunków głównie bilateralnych i wprowadzają do prawa międzynarodowego hierarchię norm. W związku z tym niezbędne było ustanowienie środków, które mogłyby mieć zastosowanie w przypadku naruszenia interesu społeczności międzynarodowej - solidarity measures. (fragment tekstu)

The aim of this article is to analyze genesis of solidarity measures in international law. The right to use solidarity measures has become an integral part of the international legal order. This paper starts with an analysis of the notions, which are closely linked to genesis of solidarity measures such as: solidarity, interest, international community, and the ideas such as: ius cogens norms, obligations owed to the international community as a whole and international crimes of states. That is why this study focuses on the question of evolution of these notions and ideas of ius cogens norms, obligations owed to the international community as a whole and international crimes of states. The emphasis was laid on the similarities between ius cogens norms, obligations erga omnes and international crimes of states, because they all protect the interests of the international community. What is more ius cogens norms and obligations erga omnes often overlap. However, these conceptions are not identical. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that not all international norms are of the same gravity or significance, because of the nature of the rights they seek to protect. Hence recognition of the conception of higher norms and the idea of legal interests that belong to all states has influenced work of the International Law Commission on the codification of state responsibility. It led to the origin of the idea of collective countermeasures - solidarity measures taken by other than aggrieved state in order to protect international community interests.(original abstract)
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Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
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Bibliografia
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Cytowane przez
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ISSN
1731-6375
Język
pol
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.17951/sil.2013.20.0.83
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