BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

BazEkon home page

Meny główne

Autor
Hoxha Abit (Ludwig Maximilian University (LMU) in the INFOCORE), Ahmeti Arbër (University of Vienna), Musliu Agim
Tytuł
Russian Influence in the Western Balkans. Carrot or Stick?
Źródło
Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej, 2015, R. 13, z. 5, s. 61-85, bibliogr. 42 poz.
Tytuł własny numeru
Russia in the Balkans. Threat or Opportunity?
Słowa kluczowe
Geopolityka, Prawo międzynarodowe, Konflikty etniczne, Konflikty zbrojne, Bezpieczeństwo międzynarodowe
Geopolitics, International law, Ethnic conflicts, Armed conflicts, International security
Uwagi
summ.
Kraj/Region
Rosja, Kosowo, Serbia
Russia, Kosovo, Serbia
Abstrakt
This paper illustrates the influences that the Russian Federation has in the Balkans and particularly through using the Kosovo situation and Serbian implication. The Russian Federation attempts to oppose the EU and the US through using Serbia and Kosovo, often using soft and hard power by offering both humanitarian aid for Serbia but also by helping Serbia in military and defence aspects. This paper uses international relations theories to explain the development of Russia's influence in the Balkans from a historic perspective to continue with modernization of such relations through Russian representation in international organizations such as a UN permanent seat and an observation seat on the NATO Parliamentary Assembly. Furthermore, this paper will use game theory to explain the international relations and indirect influence through Kosovo and Serbia in the EU and US. (original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. Aid Delayed: Russian Convoy Blocked at Kosovo Border, RT.com, 14.12.2011, https://www.rt.com/news/russia-aid-serbia-kosovo-733/
  2. Ambasadori Rus, Churkin, pengon ministrin Hoxhaj ne konferencen per Media, "Daily Motion", 16.09.2011, http://www.dailymotion.com/video/ xl4v85_ambasadori-rus-churkin-pengon-ministrin-hoxhaj-ne-konferencen- per-media_news
  3. Barlovac B., Kosovo Serbs Urged to Emigrate to Russia, "BalkanInsight", 11.11.2011, http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/article/russia-reviews-kosovo- serbs-request-for-citizenship
  4. Blank S. J., Threats to Russian Security: Views from Moscow, Strategic Studies Institute, Carlisle 2000.
  5. Cassese A., The Nicaragua and Tadic Tests Revisited in the Light of ICJ Judgment on Genocide in Bosnia, "European Journal of International Law", vol. 18, 2007, no. 4.
  6. Collier P., Development and Security. 12th International Bradford Development Lecture, Bradford Centre for International Development, 2004.
  7. Eurasian Law, 21,000 Kosovo Serbs Seek Russian Citizenship, 15.11.2011, http:// eurasian-law-breaking-news.blogspot.de/2011/11/21000-kosovo-serbsseek- russian.html
  8. Finnemore M., National Interests in International Society, Cornell University Press, New York 1996.
  9. Hughes J., Paying for Peace: Comparing the EU's Role in the Conflicts of Northern Ireland and Kosovo, "Ethnopolitics", vol. 8, 2009, no. 3-4.
  10. Golubkova K., Russia to "Continue Supplying Arms" to Assad, "Independent", 13.09.2015, http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/russia- to-continue-supplying-arms-to-syria-10498761.html
  11. Jackson P. Th., The Conduct of Inquiry in International Relations, Routledge, London 2011.
  12. Katzenchtein P. J., The Culture of National Security Norms and Identity in World Politics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1996.
  13. Kratochwil F. V., The Embarrassment of Changes: Neo-Realism as the Science of Realpolitik without Politics, "Review of International Studies", vol. 19, 1993, no. 1.
  14. Kratochvil F. V., Lapid Y. (eds.), The Return of Culture and Identity in IR Theory, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1996.
  15. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Briefing by Russian MFA Spokesman Alexander Lukashevich, 01.12.2011, http://www.mid.ru/ bdomp/brp_4.nsf/e78a48070f128a7b43256999005bcbb3/188d4badea45d 06d4425795a00577257!OpenDocument
  16. Multiple authors, Serbia Honours Russia's Putin with Military Parade, "Bloomberg", 16.10.2014, http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/ 2014-10-15/serbia-to-honor-putin-with-military-parade
  17. Onuf N., World of Our Making: Rules and Rule in Social Theory and International Relations, University of South Carolina Press, 1989.
  18. Ouimet M., The Rise and Fall of the Brezhnev Doctrine in Soviet Foreign Policy, University of North Carolina Press, London 2003.
  19. Petrovic Z., Russia Serbia Relations at the Beginning of 21st Century, ISAC Fund International and Security Affairs Centre, 2010.
  20. Putin's Reach: Merkel Concerned about Russian Influence in the Balkans, "Spiegel Online International",17.11.2014, http://www.spiegel.de/international/ europe/germany-worried-about-russian-influence-in-the-balkans- a-1003427.html
  21. Rogozin D., Местные сербы давно живут в изоляции от остальной Сербии и верят только России, Twitter release, https://twitter.com/#!/ Rogozin/status/149453041471471617/photo/1
  22. Rogozin D., The World is Ruled by Fear and Interests. Everything Else is Propaganda, Twitter release, 04.12.2011, http://twitter.com/#!/DRogozin/status/ 143347218001301505
  23. Russia in the Balkans, Conference Report 2015, LSE Research on South-Eastern Europe and SEESOX South East European Studies at Oxford.
  24. Russian Ambassador Churkin at the SC Media stakeout talking to journalist, "YouTube", 24.01.2012, Serbia and Russia Stage Joint Military Exercise, "BalkanInsight", 14.11.2014, http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/article/ serbia-russia-stage-a-join-military-drill
  25. Simic J., Economic Aspects of Strategic Partnership between Serbia and Russia, "The New Century", 2014, no. 6.
  26. Shaw M. N., International Law, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2008.
  27. Szpala M., Russia in Serbia - Soft Power and Hard Interests, Ośrodek Studiów Wschodnich, Commentary, 2014, http://www.osw.waw.pl/en/publikacje/ osw-commentary/2014-10-29/russia-serbia-soft-power-and-hard-interests#_ ftn15
  28. To Russia with Love, "The Economist", 18.09.2012, http://www.economist. com/blogs/easternapproaches/2012/09/russia-and-serbia
  29. Tota E., Kosovo is Officially Accepted in the NATO Parliamentary Assembly, "Independent Balkan News Agency", 31.05.2014, http://www.balkaneu. com/kosovo-officially-accepted-nato-parliamentary-assembly/
  30. Wendt A., Anarchy is What States Make of It: The Social Construction of Power Politics, "International Organization", vol. 46, 1992, no. 2.
  31. Wendt A., Collective Identity Formation and the International State, "American Political Science Review", vol. 88, 1994, no. 2.
  32. Wendt A., Social Theory of International Politics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1999.
  33. Weber C., International Relations Theory, A Critical Introduction, Routledge, London 2005.
  34. Articles on Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts, with commentaries, [in:] Report of the International Law Commission on the Work of its Fifty-third Session, Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-sixth session, Supplement no. 10 (A/56/10).
  35. The Declaration on Strategic Partnership between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Serbia, signed on 24 May, 2013.
  36. Foreign Policy Concept of the Russian Federation, 12.07.2008, http://archive. kremlin.ru/eng/text/docs/2008/07/204750.shtml
  37. Resolution 1244, 1999, Adopted by the Security Council at its 4011th meeting, on 10 June 1999, http://www.nato.int/kosovo/docu/u990610a.htm
  38. Case Concerning Military and Paramilitary Activities in and against Nicaragua (Nicaragua vs United States of America), Merits, ICJ Rep. 1986.
  39. Prosecutor vs Tadic, Case No. IT-94-1-A, ICTY, Judgment.
  40. Case Concerning Armed Activities in the Territory of Congo (DRC vs Uganda), ICJ, Judgment, 2005.
  41. Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, (Bosnia & Herz. vs Serbia), ICJ, 2007.
  42. Barber Ch. T., Russian Soft Power in the Balkan Peninsula, https://www. academia.edu/12126562/Russian_Soft_Power_in_the_Balkan_Peninsula Gazprom
Cytowane przez
Pokaż
ISSN
1732-1395
Język
eng
Udostępnij na Facebooku Udostępnij na Twitterze Udostępnij na Google+ Udostępnij na Pinterest Udostępnij na LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu