BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

BazEkon home page

Meny główne

Kushnirovich Nonna (Ruppin Academic Center, Israel)
Economic Integration of Immigrant Entrepreneurs
Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 2015, vol. 3, nr 3, s. 9-27, rys., tab., bibliogr. 54 poz.
Tytuł własny numeru
Immigrant and Ethnic Entrepreneurship
Słowa kluczowe
Integracja gospodarcza, Przedsiębiorczość, Imigracja, Cudzoziemcy
Economic integration, Entrepreneurship, Immigration, Foreigners
Objective: This study investigates economic integration of immigrant entrepreneurs by comparing them with their native-born counterparts, and examines whether and how entrepreneurs' socio-cultural integration affects their economic integration.

Research Design & Methods: This study is based on data of the Social Surveys conducted by the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics in 2008, 2010 and 2012. The sample included 1133 native-born and 576 immigrant entrepreneurs.

Findings: Socio-cultural integration is not necessarily associated with economic integration and a high income. Immigrants can earn the same and even more than nativeborn entrepreneurs do, even if they have a low level of socio-cultural integration. The impact of socio-cultural integration on immigrant entrepreneurs' income varies by their origin.

Implications & Recommendations: Understanding integration of immigrant entrepreneurs and the factors affecting their income will help policy-makers to facilitate their economic advancement.

Contribution & Value Added: Based on Berry's concept, I propose a model of entrepreneurs' integration. The model stresses interrelations between socio-cultural and economic integration. (original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej w Warszawie
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
Pełny tekst
  1. Aguilera, M. B. (2009). Ethnic enclaves and the earnings of self-employed Latinos. Small Business Economics, 33(4), 413-425.
  2. Algan, Y., Dustmann, C., Glitz, A., & Manning, A. (2010). The economic situation of first and second-generation immigrants in France, Germany and the United Kingdom. The Economic Journal, 120(542), F4-F30.
  3. Amit, K. (2012). Social integration and identity of immigrants from western countries, the FSU and Ethiopia in Israel. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 35(7), 1287-1310.
  4. Barrett, G., Jones, T., McEvoy, D. & McGoldrick C. (2002). The economic embeddedness of immi-grant enterprise in Britain. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research,8 (1), 11-31.
  5. Bates, T (1985). Entrepreneur human capital endowments andminority business viability. The Journal of Human Resources, 20(4), 540-554.
  6. Bates, T. (1996). Determinants of survival and profitability among Asian immigrant-owned small businesses. In H. Duleep & P. Wunnava (Eds.), Immigrants and Immigration Policy. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press.
  7. Baycan-Levent, T. & Nijkamp, P. (2009). Characteristics of migrant entrepreneurship in Europe. Entrepreneurship and regional development, 21(4), 375-397.
  8. Berry, J.W. (1997). Immigration, acculturation, and adaptation. Applied Psychology: An Interna-tional Review, 46 (1), 5-68.
  9. Berry, J. W. (2003). Conceptual approaches to acculturation. In K. M. Chun, P. B. Organista, & G. Marin (Eds.), Acculturation: Advances in theory, measurement, and applied research, (pp. 17-37). Washington: American Psychological Association.
  10. Berry, J. W. (2005). Acculturation: Living successfully in two cultures. International Journal of Inter-cultural Relations, 29(6), 697-712.
  11. Bommes, M. & Kolb, H. (2006). Migrants' work, entrepreneurship and economic integration. The Dynamics of International Migration and Settlement in Europe. A State of Art, Amesterdão, AUP, 99-132.
  12. Borjas, G. J. (1994). The economics of immigration. Journal of Economic Literature, 1667-1717.
  13. Chiswick, Barry R. (1978). The effect of Americanization on the earnings of foreign-born men. Journal of Political Economy, 86(5), 897-922.
  14. Chiswick, B. R., & Repetto, G. (2000). Immigrant adjustment in Israel: literacy and fluency in He-brew and earnings. IZA discussion paper 177.
  15. Cohen, Y. &Haberfeld, Y. (2007). Self-selection and earnings assimilation: immigrants from the former Soviet Union in Israel and the United States, Demography, 44 (3), 649-68.
  16. Constant, A., Gataullina, L.,& Zimmermann,K. (2009). Ethnosizing immigrants.Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 69(3), 274-287.
  17. Constant, A., & Shachmurove, Y. (2006). Entrepreneurial ventures and wage differentials between Germans and immigrants. International Journal of Manpower, 27(3), 208-229.
  18. Constant, A., & Schultz-Nielsen, M. L. (2004). Immigrant self-employment and economic perfor-mance. In T. Tranæs and K.F. Zimmermann (Eds.), Migrants, work, and the welfare state (pp. 213-243). Odense: University Press of Southern Denmark 2004).
  19. Constant, A., & Zimmermann, K. F. (2006). The making of entrepreneurs in Germany: Are native men and immigrants alike? Small business economics,26(3), 279-300.
  20. Constant, A. F., & Zimmermann, K. F. (2009). Migration, ethnicity and economic integration. IZA Discussion Papers 4620.
  21. Curci, R., & Mackoy, R. (2010). Immigrant business enterprises: A classification framework concep-tualization and test. Thunderbird International Business Review, 52(2), 107-121.
  22. Danes, S. M., Lee, J., Stafford, K., & Heck, R. K. Z. (2008). The effects of ethnicity, families and culture on entrepreneurial experience: An extension of sustainable family business theory. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 13(03), 229-268.
  23. Dustmann, C. (2000). Temporary migration and economic assimilation. Swedish Economic Policy Review, 7, 213-244.
  24. Dyer, W.G. (2006). Examining the "family effect" on firm performance. Family Business Review, 19, 253-273.
  25. Ensign, P.C., &Robinson, N.P. (2011). Entrepreneurs because they are immigrants or immigrants because they are entrepreneurs? A critical examination of the relationship between the new-comers and the establishment. Journal of Entrepreneurship20 (1), 33-53.
  26. Fairlie, R. W. (2004). Earnings growth among less-educated business owners. Industrial Relations, 43(3), 634-659.
  27. Fritsch, M., Brixy, U. &Falck, O. (2006). The effect of industry, region, and time on new business survival - A multi-dimensional analysis." Review of Industrial Organiation28 (3), 285-306.
  28. Heilbrunn, S. & Kushnirovich, N. (2007). Immigrant and indigenous enterprises: similarities and differences. International Journal of Business Performance Management,9(3), 344 - 361.
  29. Heilbrunn, S. & Kushnirovich, N. (2008). Impact of ethnicity on financing of immigrant businesses. International Journal of Business and Globalization, 2 (2), 146-159.
  30. Horowitz, T. (2005). The integration of immigrants from the former Soviet Union. Israel Affairs, 11(1), 117-136.
  31. Ibrahim, G., & Galt, V. (2011). Explaining ethnic entrepreneurship: an evolutionary economics approach. International Business Review, 20(6), 607-613.
  32. Kloosterman, R & Rath, J. (2001). Immigrant entrepreneurs in advanced economies: mixed embed-dedness further explored. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies,27(2), 189-202.
  33. Kushnirovich, N. (2007). Immigrant women's entrepreneurship. Sociological Papers, 12, 103 - 117.
  34. Kushnirovich, N. (2010). Ethnic niches and immigrants' integration. International Journal of Sociol-ogy and Social Policy, 30(7/8), 412-426.
  35. Lerner, M. & Khavul, S. (2003). Beating the odds in immigrant entrepreneurship: How does founder human capital compare to institutional capital in improving the survival of immigrant owned businesses?Working Paper No. 4/2003.Massachusetts: Babson College.
  36. Lewin-Epstein, N., & Semyonov, M. (1992). Local labor markets, ethnic segregation, and income inequality. Social Forces, 70(4), 1101-1119.
  37. Light, I. (2007). Women's economic niches and earnings inferiority: The view from the ethnic economy. Journal of Ethnic & Migration Studies, 33(4), 541-557.
  38. Lofstrom, M. (2004). Labor market assimilation and the self-employment decision of immigrant entrepreneurs.IZA Discussion Paper 54.
  39. Lofstrom, M. (2011). Low-skilled immigrant entrepreneurship. Review of Economics of the House-hold, 9(1), 25-44.
  40. Neville, F., Orser, B., Riding, A., & Jung, O. (2014). Do young firms owned by recent immigrants outperform other young firms?Journal of Business Venturing, 29(1), 55-71.
  41. Ndofor, H. A., & Priem, R. L. (2011). Immigrant entrepreneurs, the ethnic enclave strategy, and venture performance. Journal of Management, 37(3), 790-818.
  42. Olson, P.D., Zuiker,V.S. &Montalto,C.P. (2000). Self-employed Hispanics and Hispanic wage earn-ers: Differences in earnings. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 22(1), 114-130.
  43. Portes, A., & Jensen, L. (1992). Disproving the enclave hypothesis: Reply. American Sociological Review, 418-420.
  44. Remennick, L. (2004). Language acquisition, ethnicity and social integration among former Soviet immigrants of the 1990s in Israel. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 27(3), 431-454.
  45. Riva, E., & Lucchini, M. (2015). The Effect of the Country of Birth of the Owner on Business Survival. Evidence from Milan Metropolitan Area, Italy. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, (ahead-of-print), 1-21.
  46. Robb, A. M., & Fairlie, R. W. (2009). Determinants of business success: an examination of Asian-owned businesses in the USA. Journal of Population Economics, 22(4), 827-858.
  47. Robinson, P. B. & Sexton, E. A. (1994). The effect of education and experience on self-employment success. Journal of Business Venturing,9, 141-156.
  48. Sanders, J. M., & Nee, V. (1992). Problems in resolving the enclave economy debate. American Sociological Review, 415-418.
  49. Santarelli, E., & Vivarelli, M. (2007). Entrepreneurship and the process of firms' entry, survival and growth. Industrial and Corporate Change,16 (3), 455-488.
  50. Shoobridge, G. E. (2006). Multi-ethnic workforce and business performance: Review and synthesis of the empirical literature. Human Resource Development Review, 5 (1), 92-137.
  51. Smooha, S. (2008). The mass immigrations to Israel: A comparison of the failure of the Mizrahi immigrants of the 1950s with the success of the Russian immigrants of the 1990s. Journal of Israeli History, 27(1), 1-27.
  52. Stone, I., & Stubbs, C. (2007). Enterprising expatriates: lifestyle migration and entrepreneurship in rural southern Europe. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 19(5), 433-450.
  53. Storey, D. J. (1994). Understanding the small business sector. London: Routledge.
  54. Wilson, K. L., & Martin, W. A. (1982). Ethnic enclaves: A comparison of the Cuban and Black econ-omies in Miami. American Journal of Sociology, 135-160.
Cytowane przez
Udostępnij na Facebooku Udostępnij na Twitterze Udostępnij na Google+ Udostępnij na Pinterest Udostępnij na LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu