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Autor
Wisła Rafał (Jagiellonian University, Krakow), Sierotowicz Tomasz (Jagiellonian University Krakow)
Tytuł
Patent Licensing in Selected European Countries
Źródło
Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Innovation (JEMI), 2015, vol. 11, nr 3, s. 67-87, rys., tab., bibliogr. s. 84-86
Tytuł własny numeru
Entrepreneurship and Innovations : Novel Research Approaches
Słowa kluczowe
Patenty, Komercjalizacja, Zarządzanie własnością intelektualną
Patent, Commercialization, Management of intellectual property
Uwagi
streszcz., summ.
Kraj/Region
Europa
Europe
Abstrakt
Zagadnienie komercjalizacji własności przemysłowej jest rozpatrywane najczęściej w ujęciu mikroekonomicznym. Komercjalizacja stanowi ważny element procesu zarządzania innowacjami. Dotychczasowe badania w tym obszarze nie uwzględniają zjawiska jednoczesnego rozprzestrzeniania i wykorzystania wiedzy naukowo-technicznej w gospodarce. Spostrzeżenia te skłaniają do podjęcia badań nad komercyjnym wykorzystaniem własności przemysłowej w gospodarce. Celem opracowania jest prezentacja wyników badań licencjonowania własności przemysłowej, jako jednej z form komercjalizacji, w wybranych krajach europejskich. Identyfikacja dynamiki zmian w zakresie skali licencjonowania własności intelektualnej wpisuje się w jeden z głównych kierunków badań dotyczących identyfikacji i rozpoznania struktury strumienia komercjalizacji. Dla realizacji tego celu wykorzystano zbiór metadanych patentowych dla krajów członkowskich Europejskiego Urzędu Patentowego oraz autorską tablicę łącznikową IPC→NACE. W wyniku przeprowadzonych badań zidentyfikowano wiodące pod względem liczby licencjonowanych patentów kraje Europy, wyznaczono dynamikę rozprzestrzeniania własności przemysłowej w gospodarce europejskiej oraz ustalono branże, w których powstające nowe rozwiązania przemysłowe są przedmiotem komercjalizacji z wykorzystaniem kontraktów licencyjnych. (abstrakt oryginalny)

The issue of the commercialization of patents, as an exemplification of the industrial property, is mostly considered at the microeconomic level. Patent commercialization belongs to the innovation management process, which takes place in innovative organizations. Such microeconomic research approach does not take into account the phenomenon of the intellectual property simultaneous spread and use of scientific and technical knowledge in the economy. These observations lead to undertaking research on the commercial use of patents in the economy. The aim of this paper is to present the research results of the patent licensing as one of the forms of commercialization in the selected European countries in the long time period. The main purpose of undertaken research was to identify and measure the patent licensing dynamics, which is part of the one of the major research related to identify and structure recognition of patents commercialization stream. To achieve this purpose, the collection of patent metadata for the member states of the European Patent Office was used, as well as the author's own concordance IPC→NACE table. As a result of the research, some of the European countries were identified as leading, in terms of the number of licensed patents, the dynamics spread of patent property in the European economy that was set, and the branches were established, in which the emerging new industrial solutions are the subject of commercialization with the use of license contracts. (original abstract)
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Bibliografia
Pokaż
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Cytowane przez
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ISSN
2299-7075
Język
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.7341/20151134
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