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Autor
Shkotin Alex (Vernadsky State Geological Museum; Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia), Ryakhovsky Vladimir (Vernadsky State Geological Museum; Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia), Kudryavtsev Dmitry (Vernadsky State Geological Museum; Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia)
Tytuł
Towards Owl-Based Knowledge Representation in Petrolog
Źródło
Studia Humana, 2012, vol. 1(1), s. 44-52, bibliogr. 16 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Geologia, Wiedza, Tezaurus
Geology, Knowledge, Thesaurus
Uwagi
summ.
Abstrakt
This paper presents our work on development of OWL-driven systems for formal representation and reasoning about terminological knowledge and facts in petrology. The long-term aim of our project is to provide solid foundations for a large-scale integration of various kinds of knowledge, including basic terms, rock classification algorithms, findings and reports. We describe three steps we have taken towards that goal here. First, we develop a semi-automated procedure for transforming a database of igneous rock samples to texts in a controlled natural language (CNL), and then a collection of OWL ontologies. Second, we create an OWL ontology of important petrology terms currently described in natural language thesauri. We describe a prototype of a tool for collecting definitions from domain experts. Third, we present an approach to formalization of current industrial standards for classification of rock samples, which requires linear equations in OWL 2. In conclusion, we discuss a range of opportunities arising from the use of semantic technologies in petrology and outline the future work in this area.(original abstract)
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Bibliografia
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  2. Davis, E., Representations of commonsense knowledge. Morgan Kaufmann (1990)
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  10. Maitre, R.L. (ed.), Igneous Rocks: A Classification and Glossary of Terms. Cambridge, 2nd edn. (2002), http://www.cambridge.org/gb/knowledge/isbn/item1109607/
  11. Mendelson, E., Introduction to Mathematical Logic. Chapman and Hall, fourth edn. (1997)
  12. Petrov, V., Bogatikov, O., Petrov, R. (eds.), Petrographic dictionary. Nedra (1981)
  13. Ryakhovsky, V., Shkotin, A., Ontology of scientific dictionary. Tech. rep., SGM RAS (2009), http://sites.google.com/site/alex0shkotin/formal-geology/rep09
  14. Ryakhovsky, V., Shkotin, A., Kudryavtsev, D., Algorithm to classify igneous rock sample and formal definition of igneous rock type. Tech. rep., SGM RAS (2010), https://sites.google.com/site/alex0shkotin/formal-geology/rep10
  15. Ryakhovsky, V., Shkotin, A., Db proba, ontology. Tech. rep., SGM RAS (2008), http://sites.google.com/site/alex0shkotin/formal-geology/rbd-proba-ontologia
  16. Swartz, N., Definitions, Dictionaries, and Meanings (2010), http://www.sfu.ca/~swartz/definitions.htm
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ISSN
2299-0518
Język
eng
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