BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

BazEkon home page

Meny główne

Famielec Stanisław (University of Agriculture in Krakow), Gliniak Maciej (University of Agriculture in Krakow), Kapjor Andrej (University of Zilina), Łukasiewicz Maria (University of Agriculture in Krakow), Malinowski Mateusz (University of Agriculture in Krakow)
Thermographic Evaluation of CaO Additive on the Process of Waste Hygienization
Infrastruktura i Ekologia Terenów Wiejskich, 2016, nr IV/4, s. 1857-1865, tab., rys., bibliogr. 17 poz.
Infrastructure and Ecology of Rural Areas
Słowa kluczowe
Odpady komunalne, Utylizacja odpadów, Termiczne unieszkodliwianie odpadów, Osady ściekowe
Commercial wastes, Waste utilization, Thermal waste neutralisation, Sewage sludge
Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is the mixture of many waste types, including organic waste (garden and park waste, food and kitchen waste, paper and cardboard etc.). Such waste creates a living environment for various microorganism species, many of which are known as pathogenic. The presence of microorganisms in favorable conditions (pH, organic matter content, carbon content, moisture, appropriate granulation) leads to decomposing of organic matter, which is accompanied by an increase in temperature. Microorganisms in waste pose a serious risk for staff operating at waste treatment plants. Moreover, heat released by their activity may cause a fire in waste storage facilities. Therefore, it is necessary to search for methods of waste stabilization and hygienization. The most commonly applied technology for waste stabilization is its processing in Mechanical Biological Treatment (MBT) plants. Such treatment is capital - and timeconsuming, however. Waste liming can become an alternative method for stabilization and hygienization of waste. Lime addition is one of the oldest method known by humans for hygienization of certain waste materials, such as animal waste. Currently, liming is applied in sewage sludge treatment as one of the initial operations and is necessary for further sludge management processes. The aim of the research was to valuate temperature changes during mixed MSW hygienization process with CaO addition in the amount of several percent by using a thermographic camera. The reaction of CaO with waste is short and lasts no longer than 20 minutes. The maximal temperatures were reached after 65-124 seconds from the time of CaO addition. The most dynamic increase in temperature were observed up to approx. 120th second of the process, with the rate dependent on the initial moisture of the material. The observed pH values indicate that the maximal dose of CaO additive should not exceed 3%. Such a dose is sufficient for waste to reach pH 12, which, according to literature, guarantees the deactivation of microorganisms. (original abstract)
Pełny tekst
  1. Act (2015). Ustawa z dnia 28 listopada 2014 r. o zmianie ustawy z dnia 13 września 1996 r. o utrzymaniu czystości i porządku w gminach oraz niektórych innych ustaw (Act. 2015, item. 87)
  2. Aarab T., Smeyers M., Remy M., Godden B., Delhaye J. P. (2006). The storage of sewage sludge: Influence of liming on the evolution of copper chemical fraction. Waste Management, 2006, 26(9): 1024-1032. ASTM (1990).
  3. ASTM Standards on Soil Stabilization with Admixtures, Philadephia, PA, EPA (2007). Lime Sludge Disposal. - date of access:10.10.2016
  4. ESW (2016). Europejskie Stowarzyszenie Wapna. Wapnowanie: nowoczesna metoda higienizacji osadów ściekowych wykorzystywanych w rolnictwie. Dokument elektroniczny:, date of access: 28.09.2016.
  5. Gao L., Hirano T. (2006). Process of accidental explosions at a refuse derived fuel storage. J. Loss Prev. Process Ind. 2006, 19: 288-291 DOI: 10.1016/j.jlp.2005.05.016
  6. Healy M. G., Fenton O., Forrestal P. J., Danaher M., Brennan R. B. Morrison L. (2016). Metal concentrations in lime stabilised, thermally dried and anaerobically digested sewage sludges. Waste Management, 2016, 48:404-408.
  7. Hogland W., Marques M. (2003). Physical, biological and chemical processes during storage and spontaneous combustion of waste fuel. Resources, Conservation and Recycling. 40:53-69. DOI: 10.1016/S0921-3449(03)00025-9
  8. Husillos Rodríguez N., Granados R. J., Blanco-Varela M. T., Cortina J. L., MartínezRamírez S., Marsal M., Guillem M., Puig J., Fos C., Larrotcha E., Flores J. (2012). Evaluation of a lime-mediated sewage sludge stabilisation process. Product characterisation and technological validation for its use in the cement industry. Waste Management, 32 (3): 550-560.
  9. Malczewska B. (2011). Preliminary research on the effect of lime addition on the rheology of sludge. Infrastruktura i Ekologia Terenów Wiejskich. 11: 109-117
  10. Malinowski M., Wolny-Koładka K. (in print). Microbiological and energetic assessment of the effects of the biological drying of fuel produced from mixed municipal solid waste. ECE S
  11. Malinowski M., Wolny-Koładka K. (2015). Badania procesu samonagrzewania się paliwa alternatywnego wytwarzanego ze zmieszanych odpadów komunalnych. Proceedings of ECOpole, Nr 9(1):256-261. DOI: 10.2429/proc.2015.9(1)034
  12. Nagaoka, H., Ueda, S., Miya, A. (1996). Influence of bacterial extracellular polymers on the membrane separation activated sludge process. Water Science and Technology, 34(9): 165-172
  13. Pesonen J., Kuokkanen V., Kuokkanen T., Illikainen M. (2016). Co-granulation of bioash with sewage sludge and lime for fertilizer use. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, in print
  14. PN-EN 2006, 14899 - Characterization of Waste - Sampling of Waste Materials - Framework for the Preparation and Application of a Sampling Plan.
  15. Wróbel A. (2010). Termografia w pomiarach inwentarskich obiektów budowlanych (rozprawa habilitacyjna). Monografie 209, AGH. Kraków
  16. Yasuhara A, Amano Y, Shibamoto T. (2010). Investigation of the self-heating and spontaneous ignition of refuse-derived fuel (RDF) during storage. Waste Management 30:1161-1164, DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2009.11.003
  17. Yasuhara A. (2006). Chemical consideration on spontaneous incineration accidents of refuse-derived fuels and exothermic reaction mechanism. J. Japan Soc. Safety Eng. 45:117-124.
Cytowane przez
Udostępnij na Facebooku Udostępnij na Twitterze Udostępnij na Google+ Udostępnij na Pinterest Udostępnij na LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu