BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

BazEkon home page

Meny główne

Autor
Munkejord Mai Camilla (Uni Research Rokkan Centre / UiT, the Arctic University of Norway)
Tytuł
Becoming Spatially Embedded : Findings from a Study on Rural Immigrant Entrepreneurship in Norway
Źródło
Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 2017, vol. 5, nr 1, s. 111-130, tab., bibliogr. 49 poz.
Tytuł własny numeru
Retailing and Innovation
Słowa kluczowe
Przedsiębiorczość, Imigracja, Społeczności lokalne, Obszary wiejskie, Przedsiębiorczość imigrantów
Entrepreneurship, Immigration, Local community, Rural areas, Immigrant entrepreneurship
Uwagi
Klasyfikacja JEL: J15, F22, L26
summ., This study is part of a research project headed by professor Einar Rasmussen, UiN, entitled "Border-crossing business activity in the Barents Region: Understanding the drivers and barriers for transnational entrepreneurship" (2012-2015). This project was financed by the Norwegian Research Council, grant number 212361 as well as by the former Finnmark University College, Norway (now UiT, the Arctic University of Norway)
Kraj/Region
Norwegia
Norway
Abstrakt
Objective: The purpose of this article is to offer a nuanced understanding of (immigrant) entrepreneurship as a socio-economic and spatially embedded practice by analysing data from a qualitative study in Finnmark, in northernmost Norway.

Research Design & Methods: The article is based on a qualitative fieldwork including business visits and in-depth interviews. The transcripts from the interviews were analysed using a constructivist grounded theory approach (CGT).

Findings: The article contributes to the entrepreneurship literature in general and to the immigrant entrepreneurship literature in particular by investigating mutual connections between immigrant entrepreneurs, place and community. The article firstly reveals that immigrants may be able to successfully create and exploit entrepreneurial opportunities literally from day one in the rural community in which they settle.

Implications & Recommendations: This study notes that immigrant entrepreneurs may contribute to building the periphery. Hence, developing our knowledge of how to increase the feeling of local belonging of immigrants may be important for many rural regions. This is because, rural immigrants not only represent a much needed inflow of younger people in a typically decreasing and ageing population, but also entail cultural variation and job creation, thus contributing to place development.

Contribution & Value Added: The originality of this article is to investigate mutual connections between immigrant entrepreneurs, place and community, hence revealing how immigrants, when being supported by the rural community, may be able to successfully create and exploit entrepreneurial opportunities in rural communities, and, through entrepreneurship processes, may even contribute to (re)build the rural areas. (original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Pełny tekst
Pokaż
Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. Aldrich, H.E., & Waldinger, R. (1990). Ethnicity and entrepreneurship. Annual Review of Sociology, 16(1), 111-135.
  2. Anderson, A.R. (2000). Paradox in the periphery: an entrepreneurial reconstruction? Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 12(1), 91-109.
  3. Baycan-Levent, T., & Nijkamp, P. (2009). Characteristics of migrant entrepreneurship in Europe. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 21(4), 375-397.
  4. Berg, N.G., & Dale, B. (2004). Sted - begreper og teorier. In N. G. Berg, B. Dale, H. K. Lysgård, & A. Løfgren (Eds.), Mennesker, steder og regionale endringer. Trondheim: Tapir Akademisk Forlag.
  5. Brown, R. (2000). Clusters, Supply Chains and Local Embeddedness in Fyrstad. European Urban and Regional Studies, 7(4), 291-305.
  6. Charmaz, K. (1995). Grounded Theory. In J. A. Smith, R. Harré, & L. Van Langenhove (Eds.), Rethinking Methods in Psychology (pp. 27-49). London, Thousand Oaks, New Dehli: Sage.
  7. Cohen, A.P., & Rapport, N. (1995). Introduction: consciousness in anthropology. In A. P. Cohen & N. Rapport (Eds.), Questions of Consciousness (pp. 1-18). London & New York: Routeledge.
  8. Dahl, M., & Sorenson, O. (2009). The embedded entrepreneur. European Management Review, 6(3), 172-181.
  9. Dahl, M.S., & Sorenson, O. (2007). Home sweet home: Social capital and location choice. Working paper published online: http://www.google.no/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=web&cd=1& ved=0CB0QFjAA&url=http www.druid.dk fileadmin images dokumenter Sorenson.pdf&ei=hA6NVc2FLIrWygOl34-ICQ&usg=AFQjCNEfgkbZE16ZDuFjtO0QxtPoaRkNHw
  10. Dana, L.-P. (Ed.) (2007). Handbook of Research on Ethnic Minority Entrepreneurship. Cheltenham, Massachusetts: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  11. Gartner, W.B. (2007). Entrepreneurial narrative and a science of the imagination. Journal of Business Venturing, 22(5), 613-627.
  12. Granovetter, M.S. (1985). Economic action and social structure: the problem of embeddedness. American Journal of Sociology, 91(3), 481-510.
  13. Halfacree, K.H. (1995). Talking about rurality: Social representations of the rural as expressed by residents of six English parishes. Journal of Rural Studies, 11(1), 1-20.
  14. Halfacree, K.H. (2004). Rethinking 'Rurality'. In T. Champion & G. Hugo (Eds.), New forms of Urbanization. Beyond the Urban-Rural Dichotomy (pp. 285-304). Aldershot, Burlington: Ashgate.
  15. Jack, S., & Anderson, A.R. (2002). The effects of embeddedness on the entrepreneurial process. Journal of Business Venturing, 17(5), 476-487.
  16. Jones, T., Ram, M., & Theodorakopoulos, N. (2010). Transnatonalism as a force for ethnic minority enterprise? The case of Somalis in Leicester. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 34(3), 565-585.
  17. Kalantaridis, C. (2006). A study into the localization of rural businesses in five European countries. European Planning Studies, 14(1), 61-78.
  18. Kalantaridis, C. (2010). In-migration, entrepreneurship and rural-urban interdependencies: The case if East-Cleveland, North East England. Journal of Rural Studies, 26(4), 418-427.
  19. Kloosterman, R.C., & Rath, J. (2001). Immigrant entrepreneurs in advanced economies: Mixed embeddedness further explored. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 27(2), 189-201.
  20. Kraft, S.E. (2008). Place-making through Mega-Events. In J. O. Bærenholdt & B. Granås (Eds.), Mobility and Place. Enacting Northern European Peripheries. (pp. 219-231). Aldershot: Ashgate.
  21. Liepins, R. (2000). Exploring rurality through 'community': discources, practices and spaces shaping Australian and New Zealand rural 'communities'. Journal of Rural Studies, 16(3), 325-341.
  22. Massey, D. (1994). Space, place and gender. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  23. McKeever, E., Anderson, A., & Jack, S. (2014). Entrepreneurship and mutuality: social capital in processes and practices. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 26(5-6), 453-477.
  24. McKeever, E., Jack, S., & Anderson, A.R. (2015). Embedded entrepreneurship in the creative re-construction of place. Journal of Business Venturing, 30(1), 50-65.
  25. Miera, F. (2008). Transnational strategies of Polish migrant entrepreneurs in trade and small business in Berlin. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 34(5), 753-770.
  26. Morawska, E. (2004). Immigrant transnational entrepreneurs in New York. Three varieties and their correlates. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, 10(5), 325-348.
  27. Munkejord, M.C. (2014). Stories of Butterflies in Winterland: Representations of Northern Coastal Realities in Norway. In G. Bonifacio (Ed.), Gender and Rural Migration. Realities, Conflict and Change (pp. 23-41). New York & Oxon: Routledge.
  28. Munkejord, M.C. (2015a). Local and transnational networking among female immigrant entrepreneurs in peripheral rural contexts: perspectives on Russians in Finnmark, Norway. European Urban and Regional Studies, 24(1), 1-14, DOI: 10.1177/0969776415587122
  29. Munkejord, M.C. (2015b). Modes of entry to male immigrant entrepreneurship in a rural context: Start-up stories from Northern Norway. Entrepreneurial and Business Economics Review, 3(3), 145-162. doi:10.15678/EBER.2015.030308
  30. O'Reilly, K., & Benson, M. (2009). Lifestyle Migration: Escaping to the Good Life? In M. Benson & K. O'Reilly (Eds.), Lifestyle Migration. Expectations, Aspirations and Experiences. (pp. 1-14). Farnham, Burlington: Ashgate.
  31. Panelli, R. (2006). Rural society. In P. Cloke, T. Marsden, & P. H. Mooney (Eds.), Handbook of Rural Studies (pp. 63-90). London, Thousand Oaks, New Dehli: Sage.
  32. Portes, A., & Jensen, L. (1989). The enclave and the entrants: Patterns of ethnic enterprise in Miami before and after Mariel. American Sociological Review, 54(6), 929-949.
  33. Portes, A., & Zhou, M. (1996). Self-employment and the Earnings of Immigrants. American Sociological Review, 61(2), 219-230.
  34. Ram, M. (1997). Ethnic minority enterprise: an overview and research agenda. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, 3(4), 149-156.
  35. Ram, M., & Jones, T. (2008). Ethnic minority businesses in the UK: An overview. Migracões, 3, 61-71.
  36. Riley, R. (2000). Embeddedness and the Tourism Industry in the Polish Southern Uplands: Social Processes as an Explanatory Framework. European Urban and Regional Studies, 7(3), 195-210.
  37. Romo, F.P., & Schwartz, M. (1995) Structural embeddedness of business decisions: A sociological assessment of the migration behavior of plants in New York State between 1960 and 1985, American Sociological Review, 60(5): 874-907.
  38. Smart, J. (2003). Ethnic Entrepreneurship, Transmigration, And Social Integration: An Ethnographic Study Of Chinese Restaurant Owners In Rural Western Canada. Urban Anthropology and Studies of Cultural Systems and World Economic Development, 32(3-4), 311-342.
  39. Steinberg, S.L., Steinberg, S.J., Eschker, E., Keeble, S.M., & Barnes, J.M. (2010). Rural Ethnic Entrepreneurship. A Spatial Networks Approach to Community Development. California Center for Rural Policy and Institute for Spatial Analysis, Humboldt State University, Arcata, CA.
  40. Steyaert, C., & Katz, J. (2004). Reclaiming the space of entrepreneurship in society: geographical, discursive and social dimensions. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 16(3), 179-196.
  41. Stone, I., & Stubbs, C. (2007). Enterprising expatriates: lifestyle migration and entrepreneurship in rural southern Europe. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 19(5), 433-450.
  42. Storti, L. (2014). Being an entrepreneur: emergence and structuring of two immigrant entrepreneur groups. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 26(7-8), 521-545.
  43. Uzzi, B. (1997). Social structure and competition in interfirm networks: the paradox of embeddedness. Administrative Science Quarterly, 42(1), 35-68.
  44. Waldinger, R. (1994). The making of an immigrant niche. International Migration Review, 28(1), 3-30.
  45. Welter, F. (2011). Contextualizing Entrepreneurship - Conceptual Challenges and Ways Forward. Entrepreneurship, Theory & Practice, 35(1), 165-184.
  46. White, M.C. (2004). Inward Investment, Firm Embeddedness and Place: An Assessment of Ireland's Multinational Software Sector. European Urban and Regional Studies, 11(3), 243-260.
  47. Xheneti, M., Smallbone, D., & Welter, F. (2013). EU enlargement effetcs on cross-border informal entrepreneurial activities. European Urban and Regional Studies, 20(3), 314-328.
  48. Yeasmin, N. (2016). The Determinants of Sustainable Entrepreneurship of Immigrants in Lapland: An Analysis of Theoretical Factors. Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 4(1). doi:10.15678/EBER.2016.040109
  49. Zarrugh, L.H. (2007). From workers to owners: Latino entrepreneurs in Harrisonburg, Virginia. Human Organization, 66(3), 240-248.
Cytowane przez
Pokaż
ISSN
2353-883X
Język
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.15678/EBER.2017.050107
Udostępnij na Facebooku Udostępnij na Twitterze Udostępnij na Google+ Udostępnij na Pinterest Udostępnij na LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu