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Autor
Tendera-Właszczuk Helena (Cracow University of Economic, Cracow, Poland / Wydział Ekonomii i Stosunków Międzynarodowych), Szymański Michał (Cracow University of Economic, Cracow, Poland)
Tytuł
Distinct and yet not Separate : Revisiting the Welfare Models in the EU New Member States
Źródło
Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 2017, vol. 5, nr 1, s. 131-149, rys., tab., bibliogr. 23 poz.
Tytuł własny numeru
Retailing and Innovation
Słowa kluczowe
Państwo opiekuńcze, Europejski Model Społeczny, Rynek pracy, Zwalczanie ubóstwa
Welfare state, European social model, Labour market, Poverty reduction
Uwagi
Klasyfikacja JEL: D60, D69, F01, F02
summ.
Abstrakt
Objective: The objective of this paper is to evaluate the welfare state models in the EU countries and to start the discussion if the new member states (NMS), i.e. those EU member states that joined the EU in 2004/2007, fit the Sapir typology (Nordic model, Continental model, Anglo-Saxon model, Mediterranean model). The second objective is to examine the labour market situation, reduction of poverty and social inequalities in the EU countries. The third one is to open the issue if the public spending can be managed both justly and effectively.

Research Design & Methods: The linear regression function and correlation has been used to present effectiveness of social expenditures to reduce poverty, as well as evidence that public spending can be managed both justly and effectively.

Findings: This paper demonstrates more similarities can be drawn across the NMS and the EU-15 than within the NMS and EU-15, respectively. The typology of welfare state models is applied to the NMS and their effectiveness is tested. Accordingly, we classify the Czech Republic, Slovenia and Cyprus as countries of the Nordic model; Hungary, Slovakia and Malta as the Continental model; Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia as the Anglo-Saxon model and, finally, Poland, Croatia, Romania and Bulgaria as the Mediterranean model.

Implications & Recommendations: Recent data suggest that the global crisis has caused an increase in the level of poverty and social spending in the EU countries. However, this is just a temporary situation and it does reflect the solutions of models.

Contribution & Value Added: The NMS tend to be examined as a separate group of countries that - as the literature suggests - depict different qualities of the welfare models than those pursued in the EU-15. (original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
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Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. Arts, W., & Gelissen, J. (2002). Three worlds of welfare capitalism or more? A state-of-art report. Journal of European Social Policy, 12(2), 137-158.
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  12. Giddens, A. (2006). A Social Model for Europe? Cambridge: Polity Press.
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  18. Sapir, A. (2005). Globalisation and the Reform of European Social Models. Background document for the presentation at ECOFIN Informal Meeting in Manchester, 9 September 2005.
  19. Szymański, M., & Tendera-Właszczuk, H. (2015). Realizacja koncepcji państwa dobrobytu w państwach Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej. In H. Tendera-Właszczuk (Ed.), Nowe Państwa Członkowskie w Unii Europejskiej (New Member States in the European Union) (pp. 36-64). Warszawa: Difin.
  20. Tendera-Właszczuk, H., et al. (2010). Polityka społeczna Unii Europejskiej po wschodnim rozszerzeniu (The European Union social policy after the Eastern enlargement). Kraków: PTE.
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Cytowane przez
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ISSN
2353-883X
Język
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.15678/EBER.2017.050108
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