BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

BazEkon home page

Meny główne

Afful David Blay (University of Limpopo, South Africa), Ayisi Kingsley Kwabena (University of Limpopo, South Africa)
Extension Support for Grain Crop Producers Under Climate Variability Scenario: Implications for Extension Management in Limpopo Province, South Africa
Rozszerzone wsparcie dla rolników prowadzących uprawę zbóż przeciwdziałające efektom zmian klimatycznych: przesłanki do stosowania rozszerzonego zarządzania w prowincji Limpopo w Afryce Południowej
Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development, 2016, z. 3 (41), s. 223-235, tab., bibliogr. 43 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Gospodarowanie kapitałem, Gospodarstwa rolne, Zarządzanie gospodarstwem rolnym
Capital economizing, Arable farm, Arable farm management
streszcz., summ.
Afryka Południowa
South Africa
W artykule zbadano, jak wsparcie w zarządzaniu gospodarstwem - w ramach pomocy publicznej służącej złagodzeniu skutków zmienności klimatu - wpływa na produkcję w gospodarstwach i czy przy jego udzielaniu uwzględnia się zasoby kapitałowe tych gospodarstw. Do badań przeprowadzonych w styczniu 2014 roku wybrano powiaty, gminy i rolników z 20 wsi w prowincji Limpopo w Afryce Południowej, przy zastosowaniu doboru losowego i nielosowego. Do zbierania danych posłu- żyły specjalnie przygotowane kwestionariusze, wypełnione przez przedstawicieli terenowych i rolników prowadzących małe gospodarstwa rolne. Najczęściej wskazywaną przez przedstawicieli terenowych strategią radzenia sobie ze zmianami klimatycznymi było stosowanie metod prowadzenia gospodarstwa odpowiednio uwzględniających te warunki. Wykorzystywało ją większość osób, zarówno korzystających, jak i niekorzystających ze wsparcia. Przedstawiciele terenowi najczęściej przekazywali informacje bezpośrednio podczas wizyt w gospodarstwach. Wskazywano, że przedstawiciele nie uwzględniali zasobów kapitałowych gospodarstw przy udzielaniu wsparcia producentom rolnym. Wyniki wskazują również, że udzielane wsparcie uwzględniało przekazywanie informacji o zmianach klimatycznych mających wpływ na uprawy polowe, aczkolwiek w niewielkim stopniu. Zaleca się przeprowadzenie badań terenowych w celu zapewnienia właściwego stosowania strategii radzenia sobie ze zmianami klimatycznymi. Uzupełnieniem tego może być wykorzystanie mediów masowych i metod grupowych. (abstrakt oryginalny)

The paper examined how the farm management support provided by public extension to mitigate the eff ects of climate variability infl uences farmers' production, and whether this support considers farmers' capital assets. Both probability and non-probability sampling procedures were used to select districts, municipalities and farmers from 20 villages of Limpopo province, South Africa in January, 2014. Semi-structured questionnaires were used to collect data from fi eld-level extension agents and smallholder grain farmers. The most common climate variability coping strategy promoted by many agents was climate-smart agriculture practices. This strategy was applied by most users and non-users of extension support. The most popular channel used by agents to communicate information to farmers was farm visits. There were indications that agents did not consider producers' capital assets in their choice of channels to communicate information to producers. Results further indicate that extension support, including climate variability information, contributed to increased crop yields, albeit small. It is recommended that fi eld trials be done to ensure proper application of climate variability coping measures. More use of mass media and group methods to supplement farm visits is recommended. (original abstract)
Pełny tekst
  1. Akpalu D. A. (2013). Agriculture Extension Service delivery in a semi-arid rural area in South Africa: the case study of Thorndale in the Limpopo province. Afr. J. Food Agric. Nutr. Dev., 13(4), 8034-8057.
  2. Allard, S. (2004). Communication channels and the adoption of digital libraries for electronic theses and dissertations in Digital Libraries. Retrieved Sep 15th 2013 from:
  3. Anderson, J. R. (2008). Agricultural Advisory Services, Background paper for World Development Report 2008, Agriculture for Development, Washington DC: World Bank.
  4. Asres, E., Makoto, N., Kumi, Y., Akira, I. (2013). Effect of Agricultural Extension Program on Smallholders' Farm Productivity: Evidence from Three Peasant Associations in the Highlands of Ethiopia. J. Agr. Sci., 5, 8.
  5. Bentley, J. W., Boa, E., Van Mele, P., Almanza, J., Vasquez, D., Eguino, S. (2003). Going Public: A New Extension Method. Int. J. Agr. Sustain., 1, 108-123.
  6. Boateng, D. O. (2011). Manual for maize production. Retrieved Nov 10th 2013 from: ects+on+fa rmers%E2%80%99+output+in+Ghana&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&aq=t&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:offi cial&client=fi refoxa&channel=np&source=hp&gfe_rd=cr&ei=7ottVN3KJ42p8wehm4CABw#rls=org.mozilla:en-US:offi cial&channel=np&q=Boateng+DO+2011.+Manual+for+maize+production.
  7. Bruce, A. K. K., Donkor, S. A., Ayamga, M. (2014). Improved rice variety adoption and its effects on farmers' output in Ghana. J. Dev. Agr. Econ., 6(6), 242-248.
  8. Chijioke, O. B., Haile, M., Waschkeit, C. (2011). Implication of Climate Change on Crop Yield and Food Accessibility in Sub-Saharan Africa. Centre for Development Research. Bonn: University of Bonn.
  9. Christensen, J. H., Hewitson, B., Busuioc, A., Chen, A., Gao, X., Held, I., Jones, R., Kolli, R. K., Kwon, W.-T., Laprise, R., Magaña Rueda, V., Mearns, L., Menéndez, C. G., Rasanen, J., Rinke, A., Sarr, A., Whetton, P. (2007). Regional climate projections. In: S. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K. B. Averyt, M. Tignor, H. L. Miller (Eds.), Climate Change 2007: the physical science basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  10. Davis, K. E. (2009). Agriculture and Climate Change: An Agenda for Negotiation in Copenhagen For Food, Agriculture, and the Environment The Important Role of Extension Systems. Washington DC: International Food Policy Research Institute.
  11. Department of Agriculture (2002). Integrated Food Security for South Africa. Pretoria: Department of Agriculture.
  12. Dinar, A. (1996). Extension Commercialization: How much to charge for extension services? Amer. J. Agr. Econ., 78(1), 1-12.
  13. Farrington, J. (1979). Cotton- the economics of expansion in Sri Lanka, Research Study 30. Agrarian Research and Training Institute, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
  14. Frost, S. J. (1996). Integrating industry resources and community development: A Vision for the future. Retrieved Oct 20th 2014 from: L2
  15. Gregory, P. J., Ingram, S. I., Brkla'cich, M. (2005). Climate change and food security. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B., 360, 2139-2148.
  16. Harrington, R., Clark, S. J., Welham, S. J., Verrier, P. J., Denholm, C. H., Hulle, M., Maurice, D., Rounsevell, M. D., Cocu, N. (2007). European Union Examine Consortium. Environmental change and the phenology of European aphids. Global Change Biol., 13, 1550-1564.
  17. Heong, K. L., Escalada, M. M., Huan N. H., Mai, V. (1998). Use of Communication Media in Changing Rice Farmers'Pest Management in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Crop Prot., 17, 413-425.
  18. Hoag, D. (2005). Economic principles for saving the Cooperative Extension Service: Presidential Address. Retrieved June 10th 2013 from:,+D.+2005.+Economic+principles+for+saving+the+Cooperative+ Extension+Service.+&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&client=firefox-b&gfe_rd=cr&ei=6SMjWKG7CO2o8wfR9r3wBA.
  19. Jiggins, J. (1997). Breaking new Grounds: optons for agricultural extension and development in South Africa. Land and Agricultural Policy Paper 34. Johannesburg: LAPC.
  20. Kiplangat, J. (2003). Does agricultural extension have new beginning because of ICT's? Reflections on experiences in Sub-Saharan Africa, Keynote Paper Presented at ICT Observatory 2003: ICT's-transforming agricultural extension, Wageningen, 23-25 September 2003.
  21. Knowler, D., Bradshaw, B. (2007). Farmers' adoption of conservation agriculture: A review and synthesis of recent research. Food Policy, 32, 25-48.
  22. Kurukulasuriya, P., Mendelsohn, R. (2006). A Ricardian Analysis of the impact of Climate Change on African Cropland. Afr. J. Agric. Res Econ., 2(1), 1-23.
  23. Lin, B., Perfecto, I., Vandermeer, J. (2008). Synergies between agricultural intensification and climate change could create surprising vulnerabilities for crops. Bioscience, 58, 847-854.
  24. Lobell, D. B., Field, C. B. (2007). Global scale climate-crop yield relationships and the impacts of recent warming. Environ. Res. Lett., 2, 1-7.
  25. Madzwamuse, M. (2010). Climate Change Vulnerability and Adaptation Preparedness in South Africa. Document prepared for Heinrich Böll Stiftung Southern Africa.
  26. Maponya, P., Mpandeli, S., Oduniyi, S. (2013). Climate Change Awareness in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa. J. Agr. Sci., 5, 10.
  27. Marongwe, L. S., Kwazira, K., Jenrich, M., Thierfelder, C., Kassam, A., Friedrich, T. (2011). An African success: The case of conservation agriculture in Zimbabwe. Int. J. Agr. Sustain., 9(1), 153-161.
  28. Ndoh, M. I., Bitondo, D., Azibo, B. R. (2015). Climate Variability and Change in the Bamenda Highlands of North Western Cameroon: Perceptions, Impacts and Coping Mechanisms. Brit. J. Appl. Sci. Tech., 12(5), 1-18.
  29. Newton, D., Yee, J. (2000). Agricultural productivity. Chapter 5.1 of Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators. Accessed 10 June 2011, available from:
  30. Nielson, R., Kokic, P., Crimp, S., Martin, P., Meinke, H., Howden, S. M. et al. (2010). The Vulnerability of Australian Rural Communities to Climate Variability and Change: Part II - Integrating Impacts with Adaptive Capacity. Envrionmental Science and Policy, 13, 18-27. Opinion, ed. International Institute for Environment and Development. London: IIED.
  31. Onasanya, A. S., Adedotin, S. F., Onasanya, A. O. (2006). Communication factors affecting the adoption of an innovation at the grassroosts level in Ogun State, Nigeria. J. Cent. Eur. Agric., 7 (4), 601-608.
  32. Pallant, J. (2007). SPSS Survival Manual: A Step-by-Step Guide to Data Analysis Using SPSS Version 17, 3rd ed. Berkshire: McGraw-Hill.
  33. Rogers, E. M. (2003). Diffusion of Innovations, 5th Edition. New York: Free Press.
  34. RUSH (Research Utilization Support and Help). (1996). A review of the literature on dissemination and knowledge. Retrieved Dec 25th 2012 from:
  35. Sally, H., Kamire, A. (2002). Water for food, livelihood and nature: Simulation for policy dialogue in South Africa. Pretoria: International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
  36. Speranza, C. I., Kiteme, B., Opondo, M. (2009). Adapting public agricultural extension services to climate change: Insights from Kenya. Paper presented in the Amsterdam Conference on the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change, 2-4 December 2009. Friday December 4th. 2009. Panel 9: Vulnerability and Adaptation in Agricultural and Food Systems.
  37. Swanepeol, B. J., Erasmus, B. J., Schenk, H. W. (2008). South African Human Resource Management: Theory and practice. Cape Town: Juta and Co. Ltd.
  38. Turpie, J., Visser, M. (2012). The Impact of Climate Change on South Africa's Rural Areas. Retrieved March 10th 2013 from:
  39. UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) (2008). Challenges and Opportunities for Mitigation and Adaptation in the Agricultural Sector: Technical Paper. Retrieved Sep 15 th 2010 from: http:// unfccc/resource/docs/2008/tp/08.pdf.
  40. Waddington, H., Snilstveit, B., White, H., Anderson, J. (2010). The Impact of Agricultural Extension Services. International Initiative for Impact evaluation.
  41. Wang, S. L. (2014). Cooperative extension system: Trends and economic impacts on U.S. agriculture. Choices: The Magazine of Food, Farm, and Resource Issues: 29. Agricultural & Applied Economics Association, Milwaukee, WI. Retrieved June 10th 2014 from:
  42. Warner, P. D., Christenson, J. A. (1984). The Cooperative Extension Service: A National Assessment. Boulder: Westview Press.
  43. Wilson, M., Gallup, G. (1955). Extension Teaching Methods and factors that influence the adoption of agricultural and home economics practices, Circular No. 459. Washington DC: United States Department of Agriculture.
Cytowane przez
URI / DOI 10.17306/JARD.2016.49
Udostępnij na Facebooku Udostępnij na Twitterze Udostępnij na Google+ Udostępnij na Pinterest Udostępnij na LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu