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Autor
Afful David Blay (University of Limpopo, South Africa), Ayisi Kingsley Kwabena (University of Limpopo, South Africa)
Tytuł
Extension Support for Grain Crop Producers Under Climate Variability Scenario: Implications for Extension Management in Limpopo Province, South Africa
Rozszerzone wsparcie dla rolników prowadzących uprawę zbóż przeciwdziałające efektom zmian klimatycznych: przesłanki do stosowania rozszerzonego zarządzania w prowincji Limpopo w Afryce Południowej
Źródło
Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development, 2016, z. 3 (41), s. 223-235, tab., bibliogr. 43 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Gospodarowanie kapitałem, Gospodarstwa rolne, Zarządzanie gospodarstwem rolnym
Capital economizing, Arable farm, Arable farm management
Uwagi
streszcz., summ.
Kraj/Region
Afryka Południowa
South Africa
Abstrakt
W artykule zbadano, jak wsparcie w zarządzaniu gospodarstwem - w ramach pomocy publicznej służącej złagodzeniu skutków zmienności klimatu - wpływa na produkcję w gospodarstwach i czy przy jego udzielaniu uwzględnia się zasoby kapitałowe tych gospodarstw. Do badań przeprowadzonych w styczniu 2014 roku wybrano powiaty, gminy i rolników z 20 wsi w prowincji Limpopo w Afryce Południowej, przy zastosowaniu doboru losowego i nielosowego. Do zbierania danych posłu- żyły specjalnie przygotowane kwestionariusze, wypełnione przez przedstawicieli terenowych i rolników prowadzących małe gospodarstwa rolne. Najczęściej wskazywaną przez przedstawicieli terenowych strategią radzenia sobie ze zmianami klimatycznymi było stosowanie metod prowadzenia gospodarstwa odpowiednio uwzględniających te warunki. Wykorzystywało ją większość osób, zarówno korzystających, jak i niekorzystających ze wsparcia. Przedstawiciele terenowi najczęściej przekazywali informacje bezpośrednio podczas wizyt w gospodarstwach. Wskazywano, że przedstawiciele nie uwzględniali zasobów kapitałowych gospodarstw przy udzielaniu wsparcia producentom rolnym. Wyniki wskazują również, że udzielane wsparcie uwzględniało przekazywanie informacji o zmianach klimatycznych mających wpływ na uprawy polowe, aczkolwiek w niewielkim stopniu. Zaleca się przeprowadzenie badań terenowych w celu zapewnienia właściwego stosowania strategii radzenia sobie ze zmianami klimatycznymi. Uzupełnieniem tego może być wykorzystanie mediów masowych i metod grupowych. (abstrakt oryginalny)

The paper examined how the farm management support provided by public extension to mitigate the eff ects of climate variability infl uences farmers' production, and whether this support considers farmers' capital assets. Both probability and non-probability sampling procedures were used to select districts, municipalities and farmers from 20 villages of Limpopo province, South Africa in January, 2014. Semi-structured questionnaires were used to collect data from fi eld-level extension agents and smallholder grain farmers. The most common climate variability coping strategy promoted by many agents was climate-smart agriculture practices. This strategy was applied by most users and non-users of extension support. The most popular channel used by agents to communicate information to farmers was farm visits. There were indications that agents did not consider producers' capital assets in their choice of channels to communicate information to producers. Results further indicate that extension support, including climate variability information, contributed to increased crop yields, albeit small. It is recommended that fi eld trials be done to ensure proper application of climate variability coping measures. More use of mass media and group methods to supplement farm visits is recommended. (original abstract)
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Bibliografia
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Cytowane przez
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ISSN
1899-5241
Język
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/DOI: 10.17306/JARD.2016.49
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