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Autor
Grabowska Izabela (SWPS University of Social Science and Humanities; Centre of Migration Research, University of Warsaw, Poland), Engbersen Godfried (Department of Sociology, Erasmus University of Rotterdam)
Tytuł
Social Remittances and the Impact of Temporary Migration on an EU Sending Country: The Case of Poland
Źródło
Central and Eastern European Migration Review, 2016, vol. 5, nr 2, s. 99-117, tab., bibliogr. s. 113-117
Słowa kluczowe
Socjologia migracji, Socjologia kultury, Kapitał społeczny
Sociology of migration, Sociology of culture, Social capital
Uwagi
summ.
Kraj/Region
Europa Środkowo-Wschodnia, Polska
Central and Eastern Europe, Poland
Abstrakt
This article sheds light on the unintended consequences of temporary migration from Poland by combining Merton's functional analysis with Levitt's work on social remittances. In addition to economic remittances, Polish migrants have been bringing norms, values, practices and social capital to their communities of origin since the end of the nineteenth century. The article presents a juxtaposition of the non-material effects of earlier migration from Poland, dating from the turn of the twentieth century, with those of the contemporary era of migration from Poland since the 1990s. The analysis shows that some aspects, such as negotiating gender roles, the changing division of household labour, individualistic lifestyles, new skills and sources of social capital, and changing economic rationalities are constantly being transferred by migrants from destination to origin communities. Contemporary digital tools facilitate these transfers and contribute to changing norms and practices in Polish society. The article demonstrates that migration fulfils specific functions for particular sections of Polish society by replacing some functions of the communist state (e.g., cash assistance and loans from communist factories, factory and post-coop cultures) and by facilitating their adaptation to changing conditions (e.g., changing gender relations, new models of family, job aspirations and social mobility). (original abstract)
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Bibliografia
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Cytowane przez
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ISSN
2300-1682
Język
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.17467/ceemr.2016.05
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