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Autor
Mazurek-Chwiejczak Małgorzata (Maria Curie-Skłodowska University (UMCS) in Lublin)
Tytuł
The Impact of the Tax System Structure on the Narrowing of Income Disparities in OECD Countries
Źródło
e-Finanse, 2016, vol. 12, nr 3, s. 27-37, tab., rys., bibliogr. s. 37
Słowa kluczowe
Redystrybucja, Polityka podatkowa, System podatkowy, Nierówności płacowe
Redistribution, Tax policy, Tax system, Wage disparities
Uwagi
summ.
Kraj/Region
Kraje OECD
OECD countries
Abstrakt
Social disparities have a common and consistent character in the vast majority of contemporary countries. The level of income inequality in OECD countries has grown in the past 30 years and is still rising. Taxes and tax systems, aside from social transfers, are fiscal instruments widely used in compensation policy. The aim of the article is to define the optimal structure of tax systems (i.e. the share of different tax categories in tax revenues) in terms of narrowing income disparities. To achieve this aim, scatter diagrams have been used. For the purpose of the article a tentative hypothesis has been formulated that the optimal tax system in terms of narrowing income disparities is characterised by a relatively large share of Personal Income Tax and at the same time a relatively low share of consumption taxes in tax revenues. The detailed analysis is focused on the countries for which the full data is available. The group of countries covers some "old" member states of the European Union (Austria, Belgium, Finland, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg and the United Kingdom), the Southeast European countries (the Czech Republic, Estonia, Poland, the Slovak Republic and Slovenia) as well as non-EU countries (Canada and Iceland). These countries represent different levels of socio-economic development and, as a result, the variety of situations concerning the distribution of income. (original abstract)
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Bibliografia
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ISSN
1734-039X
Język
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.14636/1734-039X_12_3_002
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