BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

BazEkon home page

Meny główne

Bujak Andrzej (Wyższa Szkoła Bankowa we Wrocławiu), Śliwa Zdzisław (Baltic Defence College, Estonia)
Global Aspects of Security Environment - the 'One Belt, One Road' Project
Ekonomia i Prawo, 2016, t. 15, nr 4, s. 439-454, rys., bibliogr. 44 poz.
Economics and Law
Słowa kluczowe
Bezpieczeństwo narodowe, Identyfikacja zagrożeń bezpieczeństwa, Łańcuch dostaw
National security, Safety risk identification, Supply chain
Motivation: The security environment is evolving globally and more attention is given for other than military threats. They are major concern related to internal and external security of any country as their nature is complex and it is evolving crossing national borders. Globalization is one of processes enabling freedom of operations for criminal, terrorist and other dangerous movements endangering security environment and economy. The 'One Belt, One Road' concept, promoted by China, is vulnerable for attacks along land and sea legs. To face threats an international cooperation of involved countries must create opportunities to counter all illegal acts. Aim: The aim of the paper is to study security threats influencing security of economy processes by analysing the 'One Belt, One Road' concept. In the paper theoretical methods have been adopted. Results: The research allowed drawing conclusions related to ways of overcoming the threats toward supply chains caused by evolving security environment based on the risks related to the 'One Belt, One Road' concept. (original abstract)
Pełny tekst
  1. Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank. (2016). What is the Asian Infrastructure In-vestment Bank? Retrieved 25.01.2016 from
  2. BBC. (2014). Xinjiang territory profile - overview. Retrieved 07.01.2016 from
  3. Bokhari, F. (2014). China pressures Pakistan to crack down on Uighur separatists. IHS Jane's Defence Weekly, 13.11.2014.
  4. Brauch G., (2006). Desertification: A New Security Challenge for Mediterranean. In W. Kepner, J. Rubio, D. Mouat, F. Pedrazzini (eds.), Desertification in the Mediterranean Region. A Security Issue, Proceedings of the NATO Mediterranean Dialogue Workshop, Valencia, 2-5 December 2003.
  5. Burgess, J.P. (2008). Non-military security challenges. In C. A. Snyder (ed.), Con-temporary Security and Strategy. New York: Palgrave MacMillan.
  6. Chandak, H. (2015). China's Grand Project - One Belt One Road. Retrieved 22.01.2016 from
  7. Craig, T., & Fenyer, S. (2015). From the mountains to the sea: A Chinese vision, a Pakistani corridor. The Washington Post, 23.10.2015.
  8. Eikenberry, K.W. (2014). Thoughts on Unconventional Threats and Terrorism. Retrieved 22.01.2016 from
  9. Góralczyk, B. (2015). Nowa strategia Chin: kłopot dla USA - czy całego świata? Retrieved 25.01.2016 from
  10. Hardy, J. (2014). Analysis: ASEAN finds voice over South China Sea dispute. IHS Jane's 360, 14.08.2014.
  11. Hardy, J. (2015). DSEI 2015: Japanese, Chinese naval officers clash over South China Sea. IHS Jane's Defence Weekly, 17.09.2015.
  12. Hetah, T. (2015). Xi's Bold Foreign Policy Agenda: Beijing's Pursuit of Global Influence and the Growing Risk of Sino-U.S. Rivalry. China Brief, 15(6).
  13. Heydarian, R. (2015). South China Sea: Forging a Maritime Coalition of the Willing. Retrieved 27.01.016 from
  14. Holsti, K.J. (1996). The State, War, and the State of War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  15. Hribernik, M. (2015). Southeast Asia's Piracy Headache. Retrieved 27.01.2016 from
  16. Hu, W. (2015). New fund initiated for Silk Roads. Retrieved 22.01.2016 from
  17. International Crisis Group. (2013). China's Central Asia Problem. Crisis Group Asia Report, 244.
  18. Jarosiewicz, A. (2013). Chińskie tour de force w Azji Centralnej. Retrieved 22.01.2016 from
  19. Kaczmarski, M. (2015). Nowy Jedwabny Szlak: uniwersalne narzędzie chińskiej polityki. Komentarze OSW, 161.
  20. Kirgiz Ministry of Development and Economic. (2010). Retrieved 25.08.2015 from
  21. Lee, C. (2014). Resurgent Terrorism in Southeast Asia: Impact on the Economy. RSIS Commentary, 21.01.2016.
  22. Lee, D. (2015). Xinjiang, first hand. Retrieved 7.01.2016 from
  23. Lehmann, K. (2011). Dealing with unconventional security challenges - Can anything be learned from Rio de Janeiro's policy approach towards violent crime. Paper present-ed at the Third Global International Studies Conference, Porto, Portugal.
  24. LeVine, S. (2015). China is building the most extensive global commercial-military empire in history. Retrieved 26.01.2016 from
  25. Li, M. (2015). China's 'One Belt, One Road' Initiative: New Round of Opening Up? RSIS Multilateral Matters, 15.04.2015.
  26. Qin, L. (2014). Securing the 'China Dream': What Xi Jinping wants to achieve with the National Security Commission (NSC), China Monitor, 24.02.2014.
  27. Saurbek, Z. (2008). Kazakh-Chinese Energy Relations: Economic Pragmatism or Political Cooperation? China and Eurasia Forum Quarterly Journal, 6(1).
  28. Śliwa, Z. (2012). Kierunki rozwoju Szanghajskiej Organizacji Współpracy. Warszawa: Akademia Obrony Narodowej.
  29. Śliwa, Z. (2015). Kształtowanie bezpieczeństwa militarnego Azji Centralnej. Deblin: Wyższa Szkoła Oficerska Sił Powietrznych.
  30. Śliwa, Z. & Brążkiewicz, D. (2011). Azja: Konflikty i zagrożenia bezpieczeństwa. Warszawa: Akademia Obrony Narodowej.
  31. Soliev, N. (2015). Growing Uighur Militancy: Challenges for China. RSIS Commentary, 4.02.2016.
  32. Stobdan, P. (2011). China-Russia, CIS and Central Asia. In M. Rasgotra (ed.), Con-temporary China and the World. New Delhi: Observer Research Foundation.
  33. Stratfor. (2013). China's Ambitions in Xinjiang and Central Asia: Part 1. Retrieved 05.01.2016 from
  34. Suez Canal Authority. (2015).New Suez Canal. Retrieved 23.01.2016 from
  35. Swanström, N. (2010). Traditional and Non-Traditional Security Threats in Central Asia: Connecting the New and the Old. China and Eurasia Forum Quarterly Journal, 8(2).
  36. The China Daily. (2015). China's $40b Silk Road Fund signs MoU with Russian firms. Retrieved 22.01.2016 from
  37. The China Post. (2008). Anti-piracy in Gulf of Aden. Retrieved 27.01.2016 from
  38. The Economist. (2015). A bigger, better Suez Canal. Retrieved 27.01.2016 from
  39. The Global Times. (2015). 'One Belt, One Road' could revitalize trade in Taiwan and Hong Kong. Retrieved 25.01.2016 from
  40. The People Daily. (2005). China, Pakistan sign treaty for friendship, cooperation and good-neighborly relations. Retrieved 2.12.2015 from
  41. Van Wie Davis, E. (2008). Uyghur Muslim Ethnic Separatism in Xinjiang. Retrieved o7.01.2016 from
  42. VOA News. (2014). Xi Jinping Issues Veiled Warning to Asia on Military Alliances. Retrieved 10.01.2016 from
  43. Xinhua. (2013). Retrieved 09.01.2016 from
  44. Давыдов, З.В. (2015), Экономическая политика Китая в Центрально-Азиатском регионе и её последствия для России, Известия Восточного Института, 2(26).
Cytowane przez
Udostępnij na Facebooku Udostępnij na Twitterze Udostępnij na Google+ Udostępnij na Pinterest Udostępnij na LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu