BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

BazEkon home page

Meny główne

Brzozowski Jan (Cracow University of Economics, Poland / Kolegium Ekonomii, Finansów i Prawa)
Immigrant Entrepreneurship and Economic Adaptation : a Critical Analysis
Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 2017, vol. 5, nr 2, s. 159-176, rys., bibliogr. 65 poz.
Tytuł własny numeru
International Trade & Global Business
Słowa kluczowe
Przedsiębiorczość imigrantów, Rozwój przedsiębiorczości, Działalność gospodarcza
Immigrant entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurship development, Business activity
Klasyfikacja JEL: L26, F22
summ., The article came into being within the statutory research of the Department of European Studies financed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Republic of Poland with the funds allocated to development of research potential of the Faculty of Economics and International Relations of the Cracow University of Economics
Objective: The main goal of the article is to discuss the theoretical relationship between immigrant entrepreneurship and immigrant's economic adaptation.

Research Design & Methods: The paper reviews the theoretical and empirical literature on immigrant entrepreneurship and economic adaptation of immigrants in a host country. Then the paper develops testable propositions and a theoretical model for future empirical research on this topic.

Findings: The paper describes three main potential outcomes of immigrant economic adaptation through entrepreneurship: segmented assimilation, transnationalism and provisional business project strategy.

Implications & Recommendations: Understanding the factors that contribute to adaptation of immigrant entrepreneurs is crucial from policy-making perspective, as immigrant entrepreneurship is increasingly promoted as a viable strategy for economic adaptation for new immigrant groups in major host countries.

Contribution & Value Added: The theoretical relationship between immigrant entrepreneurship and economic adaptation remains underaddressed in the literature. Thus, the paper contributes to the knowledge on economic adaptation of immigrants, by proposing a model of immigrant entrepreneurship evolution and development. The model stresses interrelations between immigrant entrepreneurship and economic adaptation. (original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej w Warszawie
Pełny tekst
  1. Abdelhady, D. (2006). Beyond home/host networks: Forms of solidarity among Lebanese immigrants in a global era. Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, 13(3), 427-453.
  2. Acs, Z. J., Desai, S., & Hessels, J. (2008). Entrepreneurship, economic development and institutions. Small Business Economics, 31(3), 219-234.
  3. Aldrich, H. E., & Waldinger, R. (1990). Ethnicity and entrepreneurship. Annual Review of Sociology, 16(1), 111-135.
  4. Andersson, L., & Hammarstedt, M. (2015). Ethnic Enclaves, Networks and Self-Employment among Middle Eastern Immigrants in Sweden. International Migration, 53(6), 27-40.
  5. Bassanini, A., Breda, T., Caroli, E., & Rebérioux, A., (2013). Working in family firms: paid less but more secure? Evidence from French matched employer-employee data, ILRReview, 66(2), 433-466.
  6. Basu, A., & Altinay, E. (2002). The interaction between culture and entrepreneurship in London's immigrant businesses. International Small Business Journal, 20(4), 371-393.
  7. Beckers, P., & Blumberg, B. F. (2013). Immigrant entrepreneurship on the move: a longitudinal analysis of first-and second-generation immigrant entrepreneurship in the Netherlands. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 25(7-8), 654-691.
  8. Berry, J. W. (1997). Immigration, acculturation, and adaptation. Applied Psychology, 46(1), 5-34.
  9. Bird, M., & Wennberg, K. (2016). Why Family Matters: The Impact of Family Resources on Immigrant Entrepreneurs' Exit from Entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Venturing, 31(6), 687-704.
  10. Block, J. (2010). Family Management, Family Ownership, and Downsizing: Evidence From S&P 500 Firms. Family Business Review, 23(2), 109-130.
  11. Brubaker, R. (2005). The 'diaspora'diaspora. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 28(1), 1-19.
  12. Brzozowski, J., Cucculelli, M., & Surdej, A. (2014). Transnational ties and performance of immigrant entrepreneurs: The role of home-country conditions. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 26(7-8), 546-573.
  13. Brzozowski, J., & Pędziwiatr, K. (2015). Pushed to the mainstream market: the case of immigrant entrepreneurs in Lesser Poland. In L. Falťan (Ed.), Cross-Border Migration and its Implications for the Central European Area (pp. 178-198). Bratislava: Institute for Sociology of the Slovak Academy of Sciences.
  14. Caparrós Ruiz, A. (2010). Self-employment or paid employment as the first job: Evidence from Spain by nationality. International Journal of Social Economics, 37(12), 951-969.
  15. Cohen, R. (1992). The diaspora of a diaspora: the case of the Caribbean. Social Science Information, 31(1), 159-169.
  16. Coniglio, N.D., & Brzozowski, J., (2016). Migration and Development at Home: Bitter or Sweet Return? Evidence from Poland. European Urban and Regional Studies, forthcoming, doi: 10.1177/0969776416681625
  17. Curci, R., & Mackoy. R. (2010). Immigrant Business Enterprises: A Classification Framework Conceptualization and Test. Thunderbird International Business Review, 52(2), 107-121.
  18. Davis, K.F., D'Odorico, P., Laio, F., & Ridolfi, L., (2013). Global Spatio-Temporal Patterns in Human Migration: A Complex Network Perspective. PLoS ONE, 8(1), 1-8.
  19. De Haas, H., (2010). Migration and Development: A Theoretical Perspective. International Migration Review, 44(1), 227-264.
  20. Dustmann, C., & Mestres, J., (2010). Remittances and temporary migration. Journal of Development Economics, 92(1), 62-70.
  21. Elo, M. (2016). Typology of diaspora entrepreneurship: Case studies in Uzbekistan. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 14(1), 121-155.
  22. Elo, M., Harima, A., & Freiling, J. (2015). To Try or Not to Try? A story of diaspora entrepreneurship. In R. Van Tulder, A. Verbeke, & R. Drogendijk (Eds.), The Future of Global Organizing (Progress in International Business Research, Volume 10) (pp. 283-293). Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
  23. Faggio, G., & Silva, O. (2012). Does self-employment measure entrepreneurship? Evidence from Great Britain. (SERC Discussion Paper 109). London: Spatial Economics Research Centre (SERC), London School of Economics.
  24. GEM (2016). Global Entrepreneurship Monitor - Adult Population Survey Measures, 2015. London: Global Entrepreneurship Research Association. Retrived on December 9, 2016 from:
  25. Grigolini, S. (2005). When houses provide more than shelter. In L. Trager (Ed.), Migration and economy: Global and local dynamics (pp. 193-224). Lanham: AltaMira Press.
  26. Harima, A. (2014). Network dynamics of descending diaspora entrepreneurship: Multiple case studies with Japanese entrepreneurs in emerging economies. Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Innovation, 4, 65-92.
  27. Hiebert, D. (2008). Big potential, small reward? Business Class immigration to Canada. In C. Oliveira & J. Rath (Eds.), Migrações Journal - Special Issue on Immigrant Entrepreneurship, October 2008, n. 3 (pp. 31-47). Lisbon: ACIDI.
  28. Hjerm, M. (2004). Immigrant entrepreneurship in the Swedish welfare state. Sociology, 38(4), 739-756.
  29. Hofstede, G.(2001). Culture's Consequences: Comparing Values, Behaviors, Institutions and Organizations across Nations (2nd ed). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  30. Hwang, S.S., Xi, J., & Cao, Y. (2010). The conditional relationship between English language proficiency and earnings among US immigrants. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 33(9), 1620-1647.
  31. Kapur, D. (2010). Diaspora, development, and democracy: the domestic impact of international migration from India. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  32. Kibria, N. (1994). Household structure and family ideologies: The dynamics of immigrant economic adaptation among Vietnamese refugees. Social Problems, 41(1), 81-96.
  33. Kloosterman, R., Van Der Leun, J., & Rath, J. (1999). Mixed embeddedness: (in)formal economic activities and immigrant businesses in the Netherlands. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 23(2), 252-266.
  34. Kloosterman, R., & Rath, J. (2001). Immigrant entrepreneurs in advanced economies: mixed embeddedness further explored. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 27(2), 189-201.
  35. Kushnirovich, N. (2015). Economic Integration of Immigrant Entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 3(3), 9-27.
  36. Langlois, A., & Razin, E. (1995). Self-employment among French-Canadians: The role of the regional milieu. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 18(3), 581-604.
  37. Levie, J.D., & Smallbone, D.(2009). Immigration, ethnicity and entrepreneurial behavior. In: Perspectives on Entrepreneurship Volume 1 (pp. 157-180). Westport: Praeger Publishers.
  38. Li, P.S. (1997). Self-employment among visible minority immigrants, white immigrants, and nativeborn persons in secondary and tertiary industries of Canada. Canadian Journal of Regional Science, 20(1), 103-118.
  39. Lindley, A. (2009). The early-morning phonecall: Remittances from a refugee diaspora perspective. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 35(8), 1315-1334.
  40. Minto-Coy, I.D. (2016). The Role of Diasporas in the Growth and Internationalisation of Businesses in Countries of Origin In: M. Elo & L. Riddle (Eds.), Diaspora Business. Oxford: Interdisciplinary Press.
  41. Mustafa, M., & Chen, S. (2010). The strength of family networks in transnational immigrant entrepreneurship. Thunderbird International Business Review, 52(2), 97-106.
  42. Ohlsson, H., Broomé, P., & Bevelander, P. (2012). Self-employment of immigrants and natives in Sweden-a multilevel analysis. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 24(5-6), 405-423.
  43. Partnership for a New American Economy (2011). The "New American" Fortune 500 (A Report by the Partnership for a New American Economy).
  44. Pécoud, A. (2003). Self-employment and immigrants' incorporation: the case of Turks in Germany. Immigrants & Minorities, 22(2-3), 247-261.
  45. Portes, A., & Zhou, M. (1993). The new second generation: Segmented assimilation and its variants. The annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 530(1), 74-96.
  46. Portes, A., Guarnizo, L. E., & Haller, W. J. (2002). Transnational entrepreneurs: An alternative form of immigrant economic adaptation. American Sociological Review, 67(2), 278-298.
  47. Portes, A., Guarnizo, L. E., & Landolt, P. (1999). The study of transnationalism: pitfalls and promise of an emergent research field. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 22(2), 217-237.
  48. Rath, J., & Swagerman, A. (2016). Promoting Ethnic Entrepreneurship in European Cities: Sometimes Ambitious, Mostly Absent, Rarely Addressing Structural Features. International Migration, 54(1), 152-166.
  49. Riddle, L., Hrivnak, G. A., & Nielsen, T. M. (2010). Transnational diaspora entrepreneurship in emerging markets: Bridging institutional divides. Journal of International Management, 16(4), 398-411.
  50. Sanders, J. M., & Nee, V. (1996). Immigrant self-employment: The family as social capital and the value of human capital. American Sociological Review, 61(2), 231-249.
  51. Schiller, N. G., Basch L., & Blanc-Szanton, C. (1992). Transnationalism: A new analytic framework for understanding migration. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 645, 1-24.
  52. Smart, A., & Hsu, J. Y. (2004). The Chinese diaspora, foreign investment and economic development in China. The Review of International Affairs, 3(4), 544-566.
  53. Strüder, I.R. (2003). Do Concepts of Ethnic Economies Explain Existing Minority Enterprises? The Turkish Speaking Economies in London (Research Papers in Environmental and Spatial Analysis Series, 88). London: London School of Economics and Political Science.
  54. Surdej, A., & Wach, K. (2012). The dynamics of succession in family businesses in Poland-Empirical results. Economia Marche: Journal of Applied Economics, 31(2), 109-128.
  55. Szarucki, M., Brzozowski, J., & Stankevičienė, J. (2016). Determinants of self-employment among Polish and Romanian immigrants in Germany. Journal of Business Economics and Management, 17(4). 598-612.
  56. Taylor, E. J. (1999). The new economics of labour migration and the role of remittances in the migration process. International Migration, 37(1), 63-88.
  57. Vallejo, J. A., & Lee, J. (2009). Brown picket fences The immigrant narrative andgiving back'among the Mexican-origin middle class. Ethnicities, 9(1), 5-31.
  58. Vertovec, S. (2004). Migrant transnationalism and modes of transformation. International Migration Review, 38(3), 970-1001.
  59. Volery, T. (2007). Ethnic Entrepreneurship: A Theoretical Framework. In L.P. Dana (Ed.), Handbook of Research on Ethnic Minority Entrepre-Neurship: A Co-Evolutionary View on Resource Management (pp. 30-41). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
  60. Walton-Roberts, M., & Hiebert, D. (1997). Immigration, Entrepreneurship, and the Family: Indo-Canadian Enterprise in the Construction Industry of Greater Vancouver. Canadian Journal of Regional Science, XX(1,2), 119-140.
  61. Wennekers, S., Van Wennekers, A., Thurik, R., & Reynolds, P. (2005). Nascent entrepreneurship and the level of economic development. Small Business Economics, 24(3), 293-309.
  62. Wilson, K. L., & Portes, A. (1980). Immigrant enclaves: An analysis of the labor market experiences of Cubans in Miami. American Journal of Sociology, 86(2), 295-319.
  63. WVS (2016). World Values Survey Wave 6: 2010-2014. Vienna: Institute for Comparative Survey Research. Retrived on December 9, 2016 from::
  64. Zhou, M. (2004). Revisiting ethnic entrepreneurship: Convergences, controversies, and conceptual advancements. International Migration Review, 38(3), 1040-1074.
  65. Zhou, M., & Liu, H. (2015). Transnational Entrepreneurship and Immigrant Integration: New Chinese Immigrants in Singapore and the United States. In J.A. Vallejo (Ed.), Immigration and Work (Research in the Sociology of Work, Volume 27) (pp. 169-201). Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Cytowane przez
Udostępnij na Facebooku Udostępnij na Twitterze Udostępnij na Google+ Udostępnij na Pinterest Udostępnij na LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu