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Kuźmińska Anna O. (Uniwersytet Warszawski)
Problems with Measurement of Trust and Trustworthiness. What Best Predicts Trust Game Outcomes?
Zaufanie i wiarygodność: pomiar i wpływ informacji o przynależności grupowej
Studia i Materiały / Wydział Zarządzania. Uniwersytet Warszawski, 2016, nr 2, cz. 2, s. 119-130, tab., bibliogr. 42 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Zaufanie, Wiarygodność, Psychologia grupy, Wyniki badań
Trust, Credibility, Group psychology, Research results
streszcz., summ.
Badanie (N = 156) miało na celu sprawdzenie wartości predykcyjnej kwestionariuszowych miar zaufania w odniesieniu do zachowania w grze oraz możliwości zastąpienia ich przez inne narzędzia. Ponadto celem była replikacja uzyskanych przez innych badaczy wyników, demonstrujących, że informacja o przynależności grupowej drugiej osoby wpływa na ufne i godne zaufania zachowanie w grze. Po wypełnieniu kwestionariuszy, uczestnicy wzięli udział w Grze Zaufania, w której manipulowano informacją na temat przynależności grupowej drugiej osoby. Analiza wyników potwierdziła przewidywania na temat braku związku pomiędzy deklaratywnymi miarami zaufania i zachowaniem w grze. Wiarygodność przewidywała natomiast miara aprobaty społecznej. Wyniki nie potwierdziły negatywnego wpływu informacji o przynależności do grupy obcej na zaufanie i wiarygodność. Obecność informacji o drugiej osobie spowodowała wyższą ufność i wiarygodność w porównaniu do grupy kontrolnej. Dyskusja odnosi się do potencjalnych przyczyn otrzymanych wyników oraz ograniczeń prezentowanego badania. (abstrakt oryginalny)

The study (N = 156) explored the predictive power of attitudinal measures of trust and trustworthiness commonly used in surveys, as well as the possibility of replacing them with other instruments. Secondly, it aimed at replicating previous findings (e.g. Gleaser et al., 2000) that cues to other person's group membership affect trusting and trustworthy behaviour. Subjects filled in a number of questionnaires and took part in the Trust Game in which information about partner's nationality was manipulated. Analyses demonstrated the lack of correspondence between attitudinal and past behaviour measures of trust and trustworthiness and behaviour in the Trust Game. Trustworthiness was predicted by social desirability measure. No effects of other person's out-group membership were found in the current study. Cues to identity made participants more trustful and trustworthy towards the other person in comparison to the control condition. The interpretation of the obtained results, as well as the limitations of the study are discussed. (original abstract)
Pełny tekst
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