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Biger Gideon (Tel-Aviv University, Israel)
Is the Sykes - Picot Agreement of 1916 was the basis for the political division of the Middle East?
Journal of Geography, Politics and Society, 2016, nr 6(3), s. 50-58, rys., bibliogr. 12 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Wojna Światowa I
World War I
Liga Narodów
League of Nations
Wielka Brytania, Francja
United Kingdom, France
In 1916, Britain and France signed an agreement deals with the future division of the Ottoman Empire. This agreement, known as the Sykes - Picot Agreement, after its two designers, the British Sir Mark Sykes and the French François George Picot, is seen up today as the main act which created the modern Middle East and responsible for some of its problems. The article present here point to another act, the decision of the newly established League of Nation to create the Mandate System and , following it, the San Remo decision of April 1920 giving the Mandates concerning the Arab Middle East to France and Britain, as the main designer of the division of the Middle East to its present form. (original abstract)
Pełny tekst
  1. Article 22, League of Nation Declaration. 28 June 1919. Paris Peace Conference.
  2. Barr J., 2012, A Line in the Sand: The Anglo - French Struggle for the Middle East 1914-1948, W.W. Norton and Company, New York & London.
  3. Biger G., 2003, The Boundaries of Modern Palestine 1840-1947, RouthledgeCurzon, London & New York.
  4. Document "Secret" A220 D.I.C. from 30 January 1915, 2015, file CAB 1/27 in British Archive P.R.O.
  5. Documents of the US State Department, Paris Peace Conference 191, 1946, Vol. XIII, 780-781.
  6. Frieschwasser-Raanan H.R., 1955, The Frontier of a Nation, Athlone Press, London.
  7. Manuel F.E., 1949, The Realities of the America - Palestine Relations, Public Affairs Press, Washington DC.
  8. Monroe E., 1963, Britain's Moment in the Middle East, 1914-1956, Chatto & Windus, London.
  9. Sykes Picot map and the actual map of the Middle East Source: A Line in the Sand, James Barr, 12.
  10. Nevakivi Y., 1969, Britain, France and the Arab Middle East, 1914-1920, Athlone Press, London.
  11. Russia and Secret Treaties, 1917, The Manchester Guardian, November 26, 1917, 5.
  12. Ruthven M., 2014, The Map ISIS Hates, The New York Reviews of Books, 25 June 2014.
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