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Kaniszewski Stanisław (Research Institute of Horticulture,Skierniewice), Kowalski Artur (Research Institute of Horticulture,Skierniewice), Dyśko Jacek (Research Institute of Horticulture,Skierniewice)
Effect of Irrigation and Organic Fertilization on the Yield of Crisphead Lettuce Grown under Ecological Conditions
Infrastruktura i Ekologia Terenów Wiejskich, 2017, nr II/1, s. 545-553, rys., tab., bibliogr. 13 poz.
Infrastructure and Ecology of Rural Areas
Słowa kluczowe
Produkcja rolna, Warzywnictwo, Rolnictwo ekologiczne, Woda, Nawożenie gruntów, Nawadnianie
Agricultural production, Vegetable farming, Ecological agriculture, Water, Fertilization of land, Irrigation
The aim of the study conducted in the years 2014-2016 was to determine the effects of different irrigation systems and doses of different organic fertilizers on the yield of crisphead lettuce. The experiments were conducted in a certified organic field of the Research Institute of Horticulture in Skierniewice. The study compared micro-sprinkler irrigation, drip irrigation and the control combination (without irrigation). The fertilization combinations involved the use of compost at 30 t/ha, Ekofert L in a dose corresponding to 50 and 100 kg N/ha, Fertilan L in a dose corresponding to 50 and 100 kg N/ha, and the control (no fertilizer). It was found that the use of irrigation in the first and third year of the study did not produce positive results, which was due to sufficient rainfall that fully satisfied the water requirements of lettuce plants. However, with a total rainfall not exceeding 80 mm (in 2015), the use of the irrigation systems had a significant impact on yield. Compared with the control, the irrigation with micro-sprinklers in 2015 increased the yield of lettuce by 35%, and in the case of drip irrigation by 40%. The response of lettuce plants to the applied organic fertilization varied in the individual years of the study; however, of all the tested fertilization treatments, the use of compost at 30 t/ha produced the best yield-enhancing effect. Fertilization with the lucerne-based fertilizers resulted in an increase in yield, in relation to the control combination, in only one year of the study (2015).(original abstract)
Pełny tekst
  1. Babik I., Babik J., Dysko J., Kaniszewski S., Moraczewski A., Podsiedlik W., Wojtysiak J. (2015) Rewitalizacja ekosystemu glebowego. Monografia pod red. S. Kaniszewskiego, Instytut Ogrodnictwa, Skierniewice. s.153
  2. Edmeades D.C. (2000). The long-term effects of manures and fertilizers on soil productivity and quality: a review Nutr. Cycling Agroecosyst. 66 (2), 165-180.
  3. Gattinger A., Muller M., Haeni C., Skinner A., Fliessbach N., Buchmannb P., Mäder M., Stolze M., Smith P., El-Hage Scialabba N., Niggli U. (2012) Enhanced top soil carbon stocks under organic farming Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 109 (44). 18226-18231
  4. Hole D. G., Perkins A..J., Wilson J.D., Alexander I.H., Grice P.V., Evans A.D., Does organic farming benefit biodiversity? (2005). Biol. Conserv., 122 (1), 113-130
  5. Johannessen G.S., Frøseth B., Solemdal J., Wasteson M., Rørvik (2004). Influence of bovine manure as fertilizer on the bacteriological quality of organic Iceberg lettuce. Journal of Applied Microbiology 96 (4),787-94
  6. Kaniszewski S. (2005) Nawadnianie warzyw polowych Plantpress, 85
  7. Kaniszewski S., Babik I., Babik J., ( 2013). Pelletized legume plants as fertilizer for vegetables in organic production. Procedings, NUTRIHORT, Nutrient management, innovative techniques and nutrient legislation in intensive horticulture for an improved water quality. Ghent, September 16-18, 2013, 330-336
  8. Karczmarczyk S., Nowak L., (2006). Nawadnianie roślin PWRiL, Poznań
  9. Maeder P., Fliebbach A., Dubois D., Gunst L., Fried P., Niggli U. (2002). Soil Fertility and Biodiversity in Organic Farming Science 296, 1694
  10. Natvig, E.E., Ingham, S.C., Ingham, B.H., Cooperband, L.R. and Roper, T.R. (2002). Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium and Escherichia coli contamination of root and leaf vegetables grown in soils with incorporated bovine manure. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 68, 2737-2744.
  11. Pietsch G., Jürgen K.,. Freyer F. B.(2007). Lucerne management in an organic farming system under dry site conditions Field Crops Research. 102 (2), 104-118
  12. Solomon E.B., Yaron S. and Matthews K.R. (2002). Transmission of Escherichia coli O157:H7 from contaminated manure and irrigation water to lettuce plant tissue and its subsequent internalization. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 68, 397-400.
  13. Van Renterghem B., Huysman F., Rygole R..and Verstraete W. (1991). Detection and prevalence of Listeria monocytogenesin the agricultural ecosystem. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 71, 211-217.
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