BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

BazEkon home page

Meny główne

Autor
Matysiak Bożena (Research Institute of Horticulture, Skierniewice), Treder Waldemar (Research Institute of Horticulture, Skierniewice)
Tytuł
Effect of Regulated Deficit Irrigation Imposed in the Fall on Cold Hardiness of Woody Plants
Źródło
Infrastruktura i Ekologia Terenów Wiejskich, 2017, nr II/1, s. 555-566, rys., tab., bibliogr. 28 poz.
Infrastructure and Ecology of Rural Areas
Słowa kluczowe
Produkcja roślinna, Warunki meteorologiczne, Woda, Nawadnianie
Crop production, Meteorological conditions, Water, Irrigation
Uwagi
summ.
Abstrakt
In temperate zone, early freeze, particularly if preceded by a period of warm and wet weather, can severely injure many woody plants. The young plants are particularly sensitive to frost, especially those grown in containers. The timing and capacity of cold acclimation are modified by environmental cues. We examined whether regulated deficit irrigation (RDI) imposed in the fall affects cold acclimation of containerized Lawson cypress (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana)'Columnaris' and Knaphill-Exbury azalea (Rhododendron) 'Oxydol'. Three-year-old plants were grown in containers placed in the open field and were cultivated according to standard nursery practice. In the end of growing season (from 5th October to 2nd November 2015, half of the plants were expose to moderated water stress by ceasing irrigation and protecting them from the rain (RDI treatment). The volumetric water content of the growing medium gradually decreases in this time from 0.45 to 0.2 m3/m3. Irrigation of the second part of the plants were continued in October and water content was maintained at 0.45 m3/m3 (control treatment). Cold hardiness of stem tissues was assessed two times (2nd November and 7th December) in the laboratory using the ion-leakage test. Stem tissue were exposed to 6 test temperatures, ranging from +4 to - 26˚C. Additionally, plant quality after overwintering was evaluated. Freeze tolerance of plant stems of both woody plants was significantly higher in December than November. Regulated deficit irrigation (RDI) generally increased cold hardiness of Lawson cypress in November as well as in December. At RDI treatment, ion-leakage from plant tissue frozen to - 26˚C was lower by 20% in the first time of assessment, and by 8% in the second time. Regulated deficit irrigation (RDI) increased cold hardiness of azalea stems only in November, but did not affect frost hardiness in December. At water deficit treatment, ion-leakage from plant tissue frozen to - 26˚C was lower by 12% than at control treatment. This study demonstrated that reduced water supply early autumn promoting acclimating to low winter temperatures.(original abstract)
Pełny tekst
Pokaż
Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. Alexander L.A., Havis J.R. (1980). Cold acclimation of plant parts in an evergreen and a deciduous azalea. HortScience 15, 89-90.
  2. Amundson R.G., Kohut R.J., Laurence J.A., Fellows S., Colavito L.J. (1993). Moderate water stress alters carbohydrate content and cold tolerance of red spruce foliage. Environ. Exp. Bot. 33, 383-390.
  3. Anisko T., Lindstrom O.M. (1995). Reduced water supply induces fall acclimation of evergreen azaleas. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 120, 429-434.
  4. Anisko T., Lindstrom O.M. (1996). Cold hardiness and water relations parameters in Rhododendron cv. Catawbiense Boursault subjected to drought episodes. Physiol. Plant. 98, 147-155.
  5. Anisko T., Lindstrom O.M. (1996a). Cold hardiness of evergreen azaleas is increased by water stress imposed at three dates. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 121, 296-300.
  6. Anisko T., Lindstrom O.M. (1996b). Seasonal changes in cold hardiness of Rhododendron L. 'Catawbiense Boursault' grown under continuous and periodic water stress. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 121, 301-306.
  7. Baldi P., Pedron L., Hietla A.M., Porta N.L. (2011). Cold tolerance in cypress (Cupressus sempervirens L.): a physiological and molecular study. Tree Genetics & Genomes 7, 79-90. DOI: 10.1007/s11295-010-0316-8.
  8. Davidson H., Mecklenburg R., Peterson C. (2000). Nursery Management: Administration and Culture. 4 ed. Prentice Hall. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.
  9. Flint H.L., Boyce B.R., Beattie D.J. (1967). Index of injury - A useful expression of freezing injury to plant tissues as determined by the electrolytic method. Can. J. Plant Sci. 47, 229-230.
  10. Gusta L.V., Wisniewski M. (2013). Understanding plant cold hardiness: an opinion. Physiol. Plant. 147, 4-14.
  11. Guy C. L. (2003). Freezing tolerance of plants: Current understanding and selected emerging concepts. Can. J. Bot. 81, 1216-1223.
  12. Holt M.A., Pellett N.E. (1981). Cold hardiness of leaf and stem organs of Rhododendron cultivars. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 106, 608-612.
  13. Iles J.K., Agnew N.H. (1995). Seasonal cold-acclimation patterns of Sedum spectabile x telephium L. 'Automn Joy' and Sedum spectabile Boreau. 'Brilliant'. HortScience 30, 1221-1224.
  14. Keates S.E. (1990). Assessing cold hardiness in conifers: a problem analysis and discussion paper. British Columbia Forest Resource Development Agreement. FRDA Report, ISSN 0835-0752, 106.
  15. Lim C.C., Arora R., Townsend E.C. (1998). Comparing Gompertz and Richards functions to estimate freezing injury in Rhododendron using electrolyte leakage. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 123, 246-252.
  16. Lim C.C., Krebs S.L, Arora R. (2014). Cold hardiness increases with age in juvenile Rhododendron populations. Front Plant Sci. 5, 542.
  17. Mathers H.M., Lowe S.B., Scagel C., Struve D.K., Case L.T. (2007). Abiotic factors influencing root growth of woody nursery plants in containers. HortTechnology 1, 151-162.
  18. Morin X., Ameglio T., Ahas R., Kurz-Besson C., Lanta V., Lebourgeois F., Miglietta F., Chuine I. (2007). Variation in cold hardiness and carbohydrate concentration from dormancy induction to bud burst among provenances of three European oak species. Tree Physiology 27, 817-825.
  19. Pagter M., Petersen K.K. (2008). Drought adaptation in Fuchsia magellanica and its effect on freezing tolerance. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 133, 11-19.
  20. Parsons L.R., Li P.H. (1979). Changes in frost hardiness of stem cortical tissues of Cornus stolonifera Michx. after recovery from water stress. Plant Physiol. 64, 351-353.
  21. Schaberg P.G., Hennon P.E., D'Amore D.V., Hawley G.J., Bore C.H. (2005). Seasonal differences in freezing tolerance of yellow-cedar and western hemlock trees at a site affected by yellow-cedar decline. Can. J. For. Res. 35, 2065-2070.
  22. Strimbeck G.R., Schaberg P.G., Fossdal C.G., Schröder W.P., Kjellsen T.D. (2015). Extreme low temperature tolerance in woody plants. Front. Plant Sci. Doi: 10.3389/ fpls.2015.00884
  23. Welling A., Palva E.T. (2006). Molecular control of cold acclimation in trees. Physiol. Plant. 127, 167-181.
  24. Wisniewski M., Bessett C., Gusta L. (2003). An overview of cold hardiness in woody plants: seeing the forest through the trees. HortScience 38, 952-959.
  25. Van den Driessche R. (1969). Influence of moisture supply, temperature, and light on frost-hardiness changes in Douglas-fir seedlings. Can. J. Bot. 47, 1765-1772.
  26. Zhang G., Li, Y., Dong S. (2009). Assessing frost hardiness of Pinus bungeana shoots and needles by electrical impedance spectroscopy with and without freezing tests. J. Plant Ecology 4, 285-229.
  27. Zhang M., Willison J. (1987). An improved conductivity method for the measurement of frost hardiness. Can. J. Bot. 65, 710-715.
  28. Zobel D.B., Liu V.T. (1980). Effects of environment, seedling age, and seed source on leaf resistance of three species of Chamaecyparis and Tsuga chinensi. Oecologia 46, 412-419
Cytowane przez
Pokaż
ISSN
1732-5587
Język
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.medra.org/10.14597/infraeco.2017.2.1.042
Udostępnij na Facebooku Udostępnij na Twitterze Udostępnij na Google+ Udostępnij na Pinterest Udostępnij na LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu