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Autor
Kumbul Barbaros S. (Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey), Ekinci Kamil (Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey), Tosun İsmail (Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey)
Tytuł
Composting of Opium Poppy Processing Solid Waste with Poultry Manure : Effects of Initial C/N Ratio on Composting Losses
Źródło
Infrastruktura i Ekologia Terenów Wiejskich, 2017, nr II/2, s. 675-688, rys., tab., bibliogr. 15 poz.
Infrastructure and Ecology of Rural Areas
Słowa kluczowe
Surowce roślinne, Pierwiastki chemiczne, Wyniki badań
Raw plant materials, Chemical elements, Research results
Uwagi
summ.
Abstrakt
In this study, composting of opium poppy processing solid waste with poultry manure and rough sawdust with five initial Carbon/Nitrogen (C/N ratio) ratio ranging from 20.45, 25.00, 29.03, 32.60 and 37.47 was carried out using fifteen-identical cylindrical stainless steel reactors, each of which has an effective volume of 100 L to determine the effects of initial C/N ratio on composting loss due to degradation (dry matter loss, organic matter loss, carbon loss, and nitrogen loss, and ammonia loss). The experiment lasted for 18.65 days. In the experiment, the temperature, electrical conductivity, pH, moisture, organic matter, total carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) contents and NH3 -N were monitored. Dry matter loss, organic matter loss, carbon loss, nitrogen loss, and NH3 -N loss were expressed as a function of initial C/N ratio. Results showed that the highest dry matter loss and organic matter loss existed at the CN ratio of 29.70 and 31.18, respectively. The highest carbon loss occurred at the C/N ratio of 30.83. Both nitrogen loss and NH3 -N loss decreased as the C/N ratio increased.(original abstract)
Pełny tekst
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Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. Bernal, M.P., Alburquerque, J.A., Moral, R., (2009). Composting of animal manures and chemical criteria for compost maturity assessment. A review. Bioresource Technology 100, 5444-5453.
  2. Chowdhury, A. K. M. M. B., Akratos, C. S., Vayenas, D. V., Pavlou, S., (2013). Olive mill waste composting: A review. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, 85, 108-119.
  3. Ekinci, K., Keener, H.M., Akbolat, D., (2004). Effect of Thermocouple Location on the Optimum Composting Rate. Biosystems Engineering, 89(3), 345-353.
  4. Ekinci, K., H.M. Keener and D.L. Elwell, (2002). Composting Short Paper Fiber with Broiler Litter and Additives: II - Evaluation and Optimization of Decomposition Rate Versus Mixing Ratio. Compost Science and Utilization, 10(1), 16-28.
  5. Ekinci, K., Kumbul, B. S., Akbolat, D., Erdal, İ., Bitrak, B., (2016). Composting of Municipal Open Market Wastes with Different Materials. Feb-Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 4026.
  6. Ekinci, K., Kulcu, R., Kaya, D., Yaldιz, O., Ertekin, C., Ozturk, H. H., (2010). The prospective of potential biogas plants that can utilize animal manure in Turkey. Energy Exploration & Exploitation, 28(3), 187-205.
  7. Hansen, R.C., Keener, H.M., Hoitink, H.A.J., (1989). Poultry Manure Composting: An Exploratory Study. Transactions of ASAE, 32(6), 2151-2158.
  8. Hao, X., Chang, C., Larney, F.J., (2004). Carbon, nitrogen balances and greenhouse gas emission during cattle feedlot manure composting. J. Environ. Qual. 33, 37-44.
  9. Huang, G.F., Wong, J.W.C., Wu, Q.T., Nagar, B.B., (2004). Effect of C/N on composting of pig manure with sawdust. Bioresource Technology, 24, 805-813.
  10. Larney, F.J., Buckley, K.E., Hao, X., McCaughey, W.P., (2006). Fresh, stockpiled, and composted beef cattle feedlot manure: Nutrient levels and mass balance estimates in Alberta and Manitoba. J. Environ. Qual. 35, 1844-1854.
  11. Onursal, E., Ekinci, K., (2015). Co-composting of rose oil processing waste with caged layer manure and straw or sawdust: Effects of carbon source and C/N ratio on decomposition. Waste Management & Research, 33(4), 332-338.
  12. TurkStat, (2014). Turkish Statistical Institute Data Basis, http://www.tuik.gov.tr.
  13. Şevik, F., Tosun, İ., Ekinci, K., (2016). Composting of olive processing wastes and tomato stalks together with sewage sludge or dairy manure. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 13(5), 1207-1218.
  14. Sülük, K., Tosun, İ., Ekinci, K., (2017). Co-composting of two-phase olive-mill pomace and poultry manure with tomato harvest stalks. Environmental Technology, 38(8), 923-932.
  15. USCC, (2002) Test methods for the examination of composting and composts. Thompson W. The US Composting Council: US Government Printing Office.
Cytowane przez
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ISSN
1732-5587
Język
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.medra.org/10.14597/infraeco.2017.2.2.051
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